SubjectsSubjects(version: 845)
Course, academic year 2018/2019
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Dynamic meteorology - NMET023
Title in English: Dynamická meteorologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2016
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 6
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Tomáš Halenka, CSc.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Incompatibility : NMET074
Interchangeability : NMET074
Is incompatible with: NMET074
Is interchangeable with: NMET074
Annotation -
Last update: T_KMOP (25.04.2001)
Thermodynamic system in the atmosphere and ocean, I. and II. law of thermodynamics in the atmosphere, balance in thermodynamics, dry adiabatic processes, adiabatic processes in the ocean, thermodynamics of moist air, saturation, phase changes, pseudo-adiabatic process in moist air. Hydrostatic equilibrium, models of the Earth's atmosphere, standard atmosphere, vertical stability of the atmosphere and ocean. Coordinate systems for equation of atmosphere, primitive equations, types of the atmospheric flow, vertical structure of flow field, horizontal and vertical structure of pressure field, synoptic systems, atmospheric fronts and frontogenesis, divergence and continuity equation, vorticity and circulation, potential vorticity. Time variations in the atmosphere, pressure tendency, vorticity equation, divergence theorem. Mass - flow balance in the atmosphere, omega equation, waves in the atmosphere. Energetics of the atmosphere, general circulation, stratospheric circulation, circulation in ocean, tropical circulation.
Aim of the course -
Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (01.05.2008)

The main objective of the subject is to introduce theoretical basis of atmospheric dynamics. The subject provides deeper insight into the physical concepts in application to the atmosphere, especially atmospheric thermodynamics and dynamic meteorology.

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Tomáš Halenka, CSc. (15.10.2017)

Zápočet - uděluje se za účast na cvičeních, za provedenou analýzu termodynamického diagramu a její zdůvodnění. Je podmínkou ke zkoušce z předmětu, která je ústní.

Literature -
Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (05.05.2008)
  • Pechala, Bednár: Prírucka dynamické meteorologie (Academia Praha, 1991)
  • Curry, Webster: Thermodynamics of Atmospheres & Oceans (Academic Press, London, 1999)
  • Holton: An Introduction to dynamic meteorology, Fourth Edition (Academic Press, New York, 2004)
  • Gill: Atmosphere - Ocean Dynamics (Academic Press, New York, 1982)
  • Trenberth: Climate System Modeling (Cambridge University Press, 1992)
Teaching methods -
Last update: HALENKA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (05.05.2008)

lecture with excercises

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Tomáš Halenka, CSc. (13.10.2017)

Učivo v rozsahu přednášené látky plus eventuálních stanovených částí doporučené literatury, ústní formou

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Tomáš Halenka, CSc. (06.05.2004)

Thermodynamic system in the atmosphere and ocean, I. and II. law of thermodynamics in the atmosphere, balance in thermodynamics, dry adiabatic processes, adiabatic processes in the ocean, thermodynamics of moist air, saturation, phase changes, pseudo-adiabatic process in moist air.

Hydrostatic equilibrium, models of the Earth's atmosphere, standard atmosphere, vertical stability of the atmosphere and ocean.

Coordinate systems for equation of atmosphere, primitive equations, types of the atmospheric flow, vertical structure of flow field, horizontal and vertical structure of pressure field, synoptic systems, atmospheric fronts and frontogenesis.

Time variations in the atmosphere, pressure tendency, tendency of relative topography, vorticity equation, divergence theorem. divergence and continuity equation, vorticity and circulation, potential vorticity.

Mass - flow balance in the atmosphere, omega equation, waves in the atmosphere.

Energetics of the atmosphere, general circulation, stratospheric circulation, circulation in ocean, tropical circulation.

 
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