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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Climate change and its causes - NMET010
Title in English: Klimatické změny a jejich příčiny
Guaranteed by: Department of Atmospheric Physics (32-KFA)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2017 to 2019
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jaroslava Kalvová, CSc.
RNDr. Eva Holtanová, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Meteorology and Climatology
Annotation -
Last update: T_KMOP (13.05.2015)
The course introduces topics related to climate changes on various temporal scales and their causes including possible anthropogenic forcing. Attention is also paid to climate models, their usage and methods for creation of climate change scenarios
Aim of the course -
Last update: T_KMOP (13.05.2015)

To present basic information on history of the Earth's climate and causes of climate changes, to inform students about fundamentals of climate modeling and climate change scenarios construction.

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jaroslava Kalvová, CSc. (11.10.2017)

Získání zápočtu je podmíněno přípravou a přednesením dvou kratších (ca 10 min) a jedné rozsáhlejší (cca 30 min) prezentace na témata uvedená v sylabu v průběhu semestru.

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KMOP (13.05.2015)

Hartmann, D.: Global physical climatology. ACADEMIC PRESS, San Diego, USA, 1994.

Ruddiman, W.F., 2008: Earth’s Climate - Past and Future. 388 s., ISBN: 9780716784906.

IPCC, 2013: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

[Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp

Aktualní publikace na dané téma a webové stránky dle doporučení vyučujících

Teaching methods -
Last update: KALVOVA/MFF.CUNI.CZ (20.05.2008)

seminar with active participations of students (students take a part on presentations of selected topics and discussion)

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jaroslava Kalvová, CSc. (10.10.2017)

Zkouška je ústní, podmínkou je získání zápočtu. Požadavky ke zkoušce odpovídají sylabu předmětu, jsou v rozsahu odpřednášené látky.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KMOP (13.05.2015)

Past climates:

A brief survey of Earth's history, geological timescale, evolution of the atmosphere.

Methods of paleoclimatic reconstructions.

Information on past climates with emphasis on holocene and most recent climate.

Mechanisms of climate changes:

External causes (Milankovitch hypothesis, solar luminosity variations, other external factors). Internal factors, volcanic eruptions, changes in distribution of land and ocean.

Feedbacks in climate system, internal climate variability, chaotic nature.

Changes in greenhouse gas concentrations, radiative forcing, carbon cycle.

Emission scenarios.

International activities.

Climate modeling:

Energy balance models, radiative-convective models.

Global climate model, structure, parametrizations, sensitivity

Experiments with climate models.

Downscaling methods and regional climate models.

Validation of model outputs.

Projections of future climate changes:

Sources of uncertainties in climate model outputs.

Emission scenarios and evolution of other forcings.

Climate change scenario construction.

 
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