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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Review of Geophysics - NGEO110
Title: Přehled geofyziky
Guaranteed by: Department of Geophysics (32-KG)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2021
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Hana Čížková, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Geophysics
Incompatibility : NGEO029
Interchangeability : NGEO029
Is incompatible with: NGEO029
Is interchangeable with: NGEO029
Annotation -
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)
Overview of basic theoretical principles in seismology, geodynamics and geomagnetism. Physical models of the Earth. Plate tectonics. Dynamical processes in the core and the mantle. Evolution of the Earth.
Aim of the course -
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)

The course should provide an insight into the main topics of temporary geophysics (seismology, dynamics of the mantle and core, mineral physics, magnetic field, gravity field).

Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)

Zápočet bude udělen na základě přednesení referátu nebo předložení písemné zprávy o řešení zápočtových úloh.

Literature - Czech
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)
  • C.M.R. Fowler: The Solid Earth. Introduction to Global Geophysics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1990.
  • J.-P. Poirier: Introduction to the Physics of the Earth's Interior. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2000.
  • W. Lowrie: Fundamentals of geophysics, Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Teaching methods -
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)

Lecture + exercises

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)

Zkouška je ústní, požadavky odpovídají sylabu v rozsahu prezentovaném na přednášce.

Syllabus -
Last update: prof. RNDr. František Gallovič, Ph.D. (06.06.2019)
Constitution of the Earth

Spherically symmetric model of the Earth. Composition and physical properties of the crust, the mantle and the core. Nature of interfaces in the Earth's interior. Phase transition and their impact of the processes in the mantle.

Plate tectonics

History. Wegener's theory, continental drift. Sea floor spreading. Plate tectonics. Classification of plate boundaries. Physical characteristics of plate boundaries: seismic activity, heat flux, gravity etc. Determination and description of plate motions. Toroidal vs. spheroidal energy. Intraplate deformations. Hotspots. Forces acting at the lithosphere. Plate tectonics in the past. Tectonic pattern of other terrestrial bodies.

Dynamics of the mantle and the lithosphere

Crust and lithosphere: definitions. Oceanic and continental lithosphere. Cooling of the oceanic lithosphere. Asthenosphere. Heat transfer in the mantle. Convection, conduction, heat sources. Subduction of the lithosphere. Mantle plumes.


Earthquake, seismicity. Seismic waves. Equation of motion. Rays, travel-time curves. Earthquake location. Magnitudo. Seismic tomography and three-dimensional structure of the Earth mantle. Relation between thermal and seismic velocity anomalies.

Magnetic field of the Earth

Basic characteristics. Maxwell equations. Magnetovariational and magnetotelluric methods. Models of electrical conductivity in the Earth mantle. Core: composition and physical properties. Generation of the magnetic field in the core. Inner core.

Gravity field

Spectral representation of the gravity potential. Density anomalies in the Earth and the gravitational potential. Inferences of viscosity and density from the geoid. Estimate of the density anomalies based on seismic tomography.


Spherical harmonic analysis. Correlation analysis. Data interpretation. Forward and inverse problem. Models and simulations.


Radioctive dating. Postglacial uplift. Free oscillations of the Earth. Earth tides. Tidal friction. Earth-Moon system. Geochemical constraints on mantle convection.

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