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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Introduction to Solid State Physics - NFPL502
Title: Úvod do fyziky pevných látek
Guaranteed by: Department of Condensed Matter Physics (32-KFKL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2023
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 6
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Karel Carva, Ph.D.
prof. RNDr. Václav Holý, CSc.
Is co-requisite for: NFPL505
Annotation -
The lecture should enable basic orientation in modern solid-state physics, in physical mechanisms determining and influencing basic properties of solid materials. In particular, the lecture deals with crystal structure of solids, with a response of a solid to an external interaction (mechanic, electric, magnetic), self-organization processes leading to ferroic phases, elements of the electron theory of solids and thermal properties of solids. In the lecture, phenomenological, thermodynamical, statistical and quantum-mechanical methods of description are used.
Last update: T_KFES (14.05.2012)
Course completion requirements -

To participate in the exam it is necessary to complete the credit.

The exam contains written and oral part; Written part rests on solving a simple problem (max. 30 min). Oral part is partially based on the problem solution (takes ~45min.). Total evaluation summarizes both written and oral part.

Exam requirements follow the subject syllabus as presented during lectures.

Last update: Carva Karel, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (12.05.2022)
Literature -

Neil W. Ashcroft, N. David Mermin, Solid State Physics, International Thomson Publishing 1976

Charles Kittel, Úvod do fyziky pevných látek, Akademia 1985

J. R. Hook, H. E. Hall, Solid State Physics, J. Wiley 2000

H. Ibach, H. Lueth, Solid State Physics, Springer 2003

R. E. Hummel, Electronic Properties of Materials, Springer 1992

P. M. Chaikin, T. C. Lubensky, Principles of Condensed Matter Physics, Cambridge University Press 2000

P. Y. Yu, M. Cardona, Fundamentals of Semiconductors, Springer 1999

Last update: Holý Václav, prof. RNDr., CSc. (29.04.2019)
Requirements to the exam - Czech

Požadavky zkoušky odpovídají sylabu předmětu v rozsahu, který byl odpřednášen.

Last update: Holý Václav, prof. RNDr., CSc. (06.10.2017)
Syllabus -

1. Structure of condensed matter in three dimensions

Crystal structure, translational and point symmetry properties of crystal lattices. Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zones. Reprezentation of periodic functions in reciprocal space. Structure analysis by x-ray scattering.

2. Electrons in metals

Classical electronic gas model, transport properties of electronic gas. Quantum electronic gas model, Fermi-Dirac statistics, Fermi energy, chemical potential, elektronic state density.

Electrons in periodic crystal field. Bloch theorem, band structure, Fermi surfaces (reduced or periodic scheme). Transport properties of bloch electrons, effective mass. Information on band structure calculations methods. Electronic conductivity and the effect of magnetic field on it.

3. Electrons in semiconductors

Intrinsic semiconductors and thermal electron excitations, hole concept, aceptor and donor levels, doped semiconductors homogenous/inhomogeneous, interface properties

4. Magnetic and electric properties

Response to external perturbation. Magnetic field in diamagnetic and paramagnetic materials. Relation between orbital and spin magnetic moment of atom with electronic configuration, determination of its ground state. Itinerant magnetism. Magnetic moment ordering in solids, microskopic mechanism of magnetic interactions. The effect of temperature on magnetic ordering.

Spontaneous ordering in general, Landau theory of phase transitions.

Elektric field in dielectrics, Clausius-Mossotti relation. Polarization mechanisms, optical properties of electronic systems.

5. Excitations in condensed matter

Quasiparticles in general. Quasiparticles in a crystal lattice. Phonons as elementary excitations, their quantum statistics. Thermal capacity of lattice. Density of phonon states.

Interaction of a ionic crystal with an external electromagnetic field. Excitations in magnetic systems.

Last update: Mikšová Kateřina, Mgr. (11.05.2023)
 
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