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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Single crystal growth in materials research - NFPL213
Title: Příprava monokrystalů pro materiálový výzkum
Guaranteed by: Department of Condensed Matter Physics (32-KFKL)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2018
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:1/2, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jiří Pospíšil, Ph.D.
RNDr. Klára Uhlířová, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: Mgr. Kateřina Mikšová (11.05.2018)
Absolvents of the course will gain knowledge about crystallography, phase transitions, theory of crystallization, methods of single crystal growth and their further analysis, processing and applications.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: Mgr. Kateřina Mikšová (16.05.2022)

The exam is oral. The requirements of the knowledge for the exam correspond to the syllabus and content of the lectures.

Literature - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Hana Kudrnová (24.01.2018)

1. Struktura a vlastnosti krystalů, Ivo Kraus. Academia 1993

2. Základní procesy růstu monokrystalů pro optoelektroniku, Jan Novotný, Academia 2003

3. Springer Handbook of Crystal Growth, Govindhan Dhanaraj, Kullaiah Byrappa, Vishwanath Prasad, Michael Dudley, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Kateřina Mikšová (16.05.2022)

Zkouška je ústní. Požadavky na znalosti ke zkoušce odpovídají sylabu a obsahu přednášek.

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Kateřina Mikšová (11.05.2018)

1. Theoretical part

a) Introduction to crystallography - symmetry, point groups, anisotropy, lattice

b) Phase transitions and diagrams - pákové pravidlo, definition of phase transitions, type of phase diagrams, congruent and incongruent phases, peritectic reaction

c) Theory of crystallization - nucleation

d) Methods of single crystals growth - Czochralski method, Bridgman method, floating zone method-optical furnaces, growth from solutions

e) Single crystals processing- orientation, cleaning, annealing, cutting, polishing

2. Practical part - single crystal preparation

a) Floating zone (laser furnace) metallic and non-metallic materials (oxides)

b) FLUX method

c) Czochralski method

Discussion of advantages and disadvantages of various experimental methods of single crystal growth.

3. Excursion to companies deal with single crystal growth and processing (Crytur spol. s.r.o., On-Semiconductor…).

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