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Course, academic year 2018/2019
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Selected topics from space plasmas - NEVF537
Title in English: Vybrané kapitoly z plazmatu v kosmickém prostředí
Guaranteed by: Department of Surface and Plasma Science (32-KFPP)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2016
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 2
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0 C [days/semester]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. František Němec, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Jiří Pavlů, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: T_KEVF (11.05.2012)
Structure of the inner magnetosphere and related processes. Dust interaction with elemtary particles – introduction to dusty (or complex) plasmas (impacts and applications). The course is assigned to postgraduate students and it is held as one-week intensive lectures in academic years "even/odd," only.
Course completion requirements - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. František Němec, Ph.D. (06.10.2017)

Zápočet je podmíněn docházkou. Povaha kontroly studia předmětu vylučuje opakování této kontroly.

Literature -
Last update: T_KEVF (11.05.2012)

1. Baumjohann W., Treumann R. A.: Basic Space Plasma Physics, Imperial College Press, London, 1997.

2. Bonitz M., Horing N., Ludwig P.: Introduction to Complex Plasmas, Springer 2010.

3. Chen F. F.: Úvod do fyziky plazmatu, Academia Praha 1984.

4. Kivelson M. G., Russell C. T.: Introduction to Space Physics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995.

5. Parks G. K.: Physics of Space Plasmas: An Introduction, Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado, 2004.

6. Piel A.: Plasma Physics, Springer 2010.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KEVF (11.05.2012)
1. Inner magnetosphere

1.1 Overview of the inner magnetosphere
Individual regions forming the inner magnetosphere. Dipole magnetic field and coordinate systems.

1.2. Radiation belts and ring current
History, discovery of radiation belts. Particle drifts in planetary magnetic field, adiabatic invariants, loss cone. Inner and outer radiation belt, South Atlantic Anomaly. Radial diffusion, pitch angle scattering, wave-particle interactions.

1.3 Plasmasphere
History, discovery of the plasmasphere. Reasons of its formation, plasmapause, stormtime changes. Means of observation, experimental results and models. Structure and dynamics at smaller scales.

1.4 Ionosphere
Photoionization, Chapman production function, impact ionization, recombination. Ionospheric layers, collision frequencies, conductivity and ionospheric currents. Ionosondes, radio occultation methods. Planetary ionospheres.

2. Dust and plasma

2.1 Dust interaction with elementary particles and plasma
Emissions properties of small objects - overview of dust charging processes. Surface potential of dust grain. Grain formation, clustering, destruction processes. Forces on particles in complex plasmas. Methods of emission observations from dust (particle traps, trapping within plasma). Dust in magnetized complex plasmas (tokamaks).

2.2 Complex (dusty) plasmas
Definition of dusty plasmas and dust in the plasma. Waves and instabilities in complex plasmas. Plasma crystals. Survey of experimental observations (e.g., in rf and dc discharges, microgravity experiments).

2.3 Dust in space
Dust in space (planetary rings, comets, interplanetary and interstellar dust). Micrometeorites and dust in the upper mesosphere - noctilucent clouds (NLC), polar mesospheric summer/winter echoes (PMSE/PMWE). Survey of spacecraft observations.

 
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