SubjectsSubjects(version: 845)
Course, academic year 2018/2019
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Magnetohydrodynamics, Hot and Laser Plasma - NEVF506
Title in English: Magnetohydrodynamika, horké a laserové plazma
Guaranteed by: Department of Surface and Plasma Science (32-KFPP)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2008 to 2018
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc.
prof. RNDr. Ondřej Santolík, Dr.
Class: DS, fyzika plazmatu a ionizovaných prostředí
Classification: Physics > Surface Physics and P. of Ion.M.
Annotation -
Last update: T_KEVF (03.05.2002)
Characteristics of magnetohydrodynamics. One- and two-liquid model. Frozen field and diffusion of field lines. Magnetic energy and magnetic tension. Examples. Principles of tokamak, stability of tokamak plasma. Methods of plasma heating in tokamak. Thermonuclear reactor on tokamak basis. Interaction of intensive laser radiation with plasma. Characteristics and problems of the theoretical description of systems with high energy density. Principles of x-ray laser and of inertial fusion. For postgraduate study only. Available in even years.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The necessary condition of the successful termination of the subject is the successful pass through the examination, i.e. the marking of the examination by the "prospěl" mark. The examination must be performed within the time period prescribed by the time schedule (harmonogram) of the academic year that corresponds to the date of the subject registration.

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KEVF (16.05.2005)

R. Gross: An introduction to Alfven waves, The Adam Hilger Series on Plasma Physics, Bristol, 1988.

M. Tichý: WWW skripta (v přípravě).

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The form of the examination is oral; the student expresses his knowledge to two topics. The requirements correspond to the syllabus of the subject in the scope that was presented during the lecture course.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KEVF (18.05.2005)
1. Magnetohydrodymanics
Basic characteristics, advantages, limitations, equations for the single-fluid and two-fluid models. Frozen-in magnetic field and diffusion of field lines. Magnetic energy and tension. Examples: parallel flux, magnetic inertia, Z-pinch, solar prominences.

2. Magnetohydrodynamic waves
Hydromagnetic approximation, MHD wave theory, Alfven, slow and fast magnetosonic waves. Examples of measurements in the Earth's magnetosphere.

3. Principles of Tokamak
Particle trajectories in tokamak, stability of tokamak plasmas, methods of plasma heating: Joule heating, injection of energetic neutral beams, high-frequency heating. Thermonuclear reactor.

4. Physics of high energy densities and inertial fusion
Interaction of energetic laser beams and heavy particles with materials. Methods for highly concentrated energy fluxes. Interaction of laser light with plasmas. Fluid dynamics of high energy fluxes, atomic characteristics.

5. Radiation and nuclear processes
Radiation characteristics of dense and hot matter, transport of radiation. X-ray lasers and targets for the inertial fusion, theory and simulations.

 
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