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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Electronics for Physicists - NEVF115
Title: Elektronika pro fyziky
Guaranteed by: Department of Surface and Plasma Science (32-KFPP)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information:
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Pavel Kudrna, Dr.
prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc.
Annotation -
Last update: T_KEVF (07.05.2005)
Basic principles of electronic circuits. DC and AC linear circuits, operational amplifiers, semiconductor components and their characteristics, amplifiers with back loops. Optoelectronic components and their applications, signal generators, analog control and regulation circuits.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The necessary condition of the successful termination of the subject is the successful pass through the examination, i.e. the marking of the examination by the "výborně", "velmi dobře" or "dobře" mark. The examination must be performed within the time period prescribed by the time schedule (harmonogram) of the academic year that corresponds to the date of the subject registration.

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KEVF (11.10.2011)

M. Tichý: Elektronika, www skripta,

M. Šícha, M. Tichý: Elektronické zpracování signálů, skripta, Karolinum Praha přepracované vydání 1998.

M. Seifart: Polovodičové prvky a obvody na zpracování spojitých signálů, Alfa, Bratislava 1988.

Teaching methods -
Last update: RNDr. Štěpán Roučka, Ph.D. (06.10.2020)

The lecture is conducted on-line in the winter semester 2020. For more information, see

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The form of the examination is oral; the student expresses his knowledge to two topics. The requirements correspond to the syllabus of the subject in the scope that was presented during the lecture course.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KEVF (07.05.2005)
1. Fundamentals of circuit analysis
Basic principles of electronic circuits, Ohm's law; analysis of networks with resistors, capacitors, inductances and voltage and current sources. Vector and complex-number representation. Kirchhoff's laws, network analysis by circulation currents and mode voltages, super-position theorem, Norton's theorem, Thevenin's theorem. Equivalence of real voltage and current sources.

2. Operational amplifiers
Basic applications of ideal operational amplifiers (inverting and non-inverting amplifier, summation and integration of analog signals).

Real operational amplifier (bias input current, slew rate, frequency and phase characteristics). Stability criteria, back-loop effect. Comparators, Schmidt triggers.

3. Principles of semiconductor elements
Physical principles of diodes, bi-polar and uni-polar transistors, and other semiconductor elements. Characteristics of diodes and their applications (rectifiers, filters, switching circuits).

4. Amplifiers, feed-back loop
Working point, working line, common base, emitter and collector circuits. Single-stage and multi-stage amplifiers, inter-stage coupling, frequency response. Amplifier classifications (broad-band, selective, AC, DC, impulse, power amplifiers). Feed-back loop in amplifiers, its influence on amplifier characteristics.

5. Analog control and regulation
Principles, P, PI, PID regulators. Linear and switching voltage stabilizers. DC-DC converters, HV converters.

6. Optoelectronic elements and their application
Photoresistor, photodiode, phototransistor - functional principles, examples of applications. LED diodes, opto-couplers, examples of analog circuits with optical coupling.

7. Signal generators
Harmonic generators with LC and RC circuits, crystal controlled oscillators. Generators of non-harmonic signals (triangle, saw-tooth, square wave), flip-flop triggers.

8. Modulation and signal mixing
Modulation classification (amplitude, frequency, phase). Demodulation. Analog radio and TV broadcasting.

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