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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Fundamentals of Electronics - NEVF101
Title: Základy elektroniky
Guaranteed by: Department of Surface and Plasma Science (32-KFPP)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Additional information: https://physics.mff.cuni.cz/kfpp/rozvrh.html
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc.
prof. RNDr. Zdeněk Němeček, DrSc.
Annotation -
Last update: T_KEVF (07.05.2005)
Basic approaches to linear circuit analysis. Integrated operational amplifiers. principles of semiconductor devices. Amplifiers, feed-back loop. Optoelectronic devices and their applications. Signal generators. Fundamentals of digital electronics, classification and application of digital circuits. D/A and A/D converters. Microcomputer and its parts.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The necessary condition of the successful termination of the subject is the successful pass through the examination, i.e. the marking of the examination by the "výborně", "velmi dobře" or "dobře" mark. The examination must be performed within the time period prescribed by the time schedule (harmonogram) of the academic year that corresponds to the date of the subject registration.

Literature - Czech
Last update: T_KEVF (28.04.2004)

M. Šícha, M. Tichý: Elektronické zpracování signálů, skripta SPN Praha 1989.

V. Farský, V. Prokeš: Elektronické obvody I, II, UJEP Brno 1979.

D. G. Hamilton, W. G. Howard: Basic Integrated Circuit Engineering, Mc-Graw-Hill Kogakuska, Tokio 1975M. Šícha, M. Tichý: Elektronické zpracování signálů, skripta SPN Praha 1989.

V. Farský, V. Prokeš: Elektronické obvody I, II, UJEP Brno 1979.

D. G. Hamilton, W. G. Howard: Basic Integrated Circuit Engineering, Mc-Graw-Hill Kogakuska, Tokio 1975

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The form of the examination is oral; the student expresses his knowledge to two topics. The requirements correspond to the syllabus of the subject in the scope that was presented during the lecture course.

Syllabus -
Last update: T_KEVF (07.05.2005)
1. Fundamentals of circuit analysis
Ohm's law; Kirchhoff's laws, analysis of networks with resistors, capacitors, inductances and voltage and current sources. Vector and complex-number representations. Thevenin's theorem. Equivalence of real voltage and current sources.

2. Operational amplifiers
Basic parameters of operational amplifiers, equivalent circuits. Real operational amplifiers, frequency response, noise. Comparators. Examples of applications - regulation, power supplies.

3. Principles of semiconductor elements
Physical principles of diodes, bi-polar and uni-polar transistors, and other semiconductor elements.

Characteristics of diodes and their application (rectifiers, filters, switching circuits).

4. Amplifiers, feed-back loop
Working point, working line, common base, emitter and collector circuits. Single-stage and multi-stage amplifiers, inter-stage coupling, frequency response. Amplifier classifications (broad-band, selective, AC, DC, impulse, power amplifiers). Feed-back loop in amplifiers, its influence on amplifier characteristics.

5. Optoelectronic elements and their application
Photo-resistor, photodiode, phototransistor - functional principles, examples of applications. LED diodes, opto-couplers, examples of analog circuits with optical coupling.

6. Signal generators
Harmonic generators with LC and RC circuits, crystal controlled oscillators. Generators of non-harmonic signals (triangle, saw-tooth, square wave), flip-flop triggers.

7. Logic operations, digital integrated logic systems
Logic functions, Boole's logical algebra, principles of binary arithmetic. Integrated logic circuits (TTL, CMOS). Examples of combinatory circuits (decoders, multiplexers, comparators, code converters) and sequential circuits (flip-flops, registers, counters).

8. AD and DA conversions
Principles, classification and characteristics of D/A converters. Principles and classification of A/D converters. Examples of applications.

9. Microcomputer and its components
Basic microcomputer architecture, types and properties of buses. Classification of memories (ROM, PROM, EPROM, static and dynamic RAMs). ALU and control unit of microprocessors.

 
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