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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Introduction to Plasma Physics - NEVF100
Title: Úvod do fyziky plazmatu
Guaranteed by: Department of Surface and Plasma Science (32-KFPP)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2021
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Pavel Kudrna, Dr.
prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc.
Annotation -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Štěpán Roučka, Ph.D. (04.02.2019)
Physical basics, parameters characterizing the plasma state of matter. Methods of plasma creation. Plasma as energy converter (MHD generators, fusion reactors). Plasma as electrical conductor (plasma switches). Applications of plasma as source of radiation (light sources, gas discharge lasers, plasma display panels). Methods of exploitation of plasmas for material processing (plasma-welding, -cutting, -spraying). Plasma-aided methods of material surface treatment (thin film deposition, dry etching). Ion and plasma thrusters.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The necessary condition of the successful termination of the subject is the successful pass through the examination, i.e. the marking of the examination by the "výborně", "velmi dobře" or "dobře" mark. The examination must be performed within the time period prescribed by the time schedule (harmonogram) of the academic year that corresponds to the date of the subject registration.

Literature - Czech
Last update: Mgr. Hana Kudrnová (26.01.2018)

[1] Kracík J., Tobiáš J.: Fyzika plazmatu, Academia Praha 1966.

[2] Chen F. F.: Úvod do fyziky plazmatu, Academia Praha 1984.

[3] Kivelson M. G., Russell C. T.: Introduction to Space Physics, Cambridge, University Press, 1995.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: prof. RNDr. Milan Tichý, DrSc. (06.10.2017)

The form of the examination is oral; the student expresses his knowledge to two topics. The requirements correspond to the syllabus of the subject in the scope that was presented during the lecture course.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Štěpán Roučka, Ph.D. (04.02.2019)
1. Physical basis
Plasma on Earth, atmosphere and in space. Characteristics of plasma state of matter. Characteristic plasma parameters (degree of ionization, temperature and distribution function in plasmas, Debye screening length, plasma frequency). Methods of plasma state creation (creation of plasma by heating, by radiation, by electric current). Discharges (Glow, Arc, Corona, and Spark discharge).

2. Application of plasma for energy conversion
Conversion of thermal to electric energy (principle of MHD-generator). Conversion of nuclear into thermal energy (and consequently in electricity). Fundamental notions - thermonuclear reaction (fusion). Conception of fusion reactor (with magnetic confinement - tokamak, with inertial confinement).

3. Plasma as source of radiation
Plasma-based light sources. Low-pressure light sources (fluorescent lamp, Sodium low-pressure discharge tubes, Neon-tubes (advertisements). High-pressure light sources, classification, principle of construction, operation. Plasma displays.

4. Application of plasma in industry
Plasma-aided treatment of materials (plasma-aided cutting, welding, and melting, plasma spraying). Refinement of material surfaces (thin layer creation in plasma, plasma etching). Ion and plasma thrusters.

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