SubjectsSubjects(version: 928)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
   Login via CAS
Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes - NBCM070
Title: Termodynamika nerovnovážných procesů
Guaranteed by: Department of Macromolecular Physics (32-KMF)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2021
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: RNDr. Artem Ryabov, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Biophysics and Chemical Physics
Annotation -
Last update: Marcela Búryová (27.05.2021)
Linear and nonlinear nonequilibrium processes. Dissipative structures. The evolution criterion and conditions of stability. Variational principles. Quantum and classical kinetic equations. Overview of modern and classical approaches to nonequilibrium single-particle and many-body transport processes. Several applications and emphasis on experiments.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Marcela Búryová (27.05.2021)

To provide an overview of advanced theoretical approaches to descriptions of linear and nonlinear nonequilibrium processes. To comparison various methods and approximations and to illustrate their validity on simple exactly solvable models.

Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Artem Ryabov, Ph.D. (04.10.2021)

[1] D. Jou, J. Casas-Vázquez, G. Lebon: Extended Irreversible Thermodynamics (2010)

[2] G. Lebon, D. Jou, J. Casas-Vázquez: Understanding Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics (2008)

[3] I. Prigogine: Introduction to Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes (1968)

[4] Groot, P.Mazur: Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics (1962)

[5] I.Dvořák, F.Maršík, L.Andrej: Biotermodynamika, Praha 1982

[6] I.Samohýl: Racionální termodynamika chemicky reagujících směsí (1982)

[7] P.Glansdorf, I.Prigogina: Thermodynamic Theory of Structure, Stability and Fluctuations (1971)

Teaching methods - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Artem Ryabov, Ph.D. (04.10.2021)

Přednáška nebo kontrolovaná četba.

Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Artem Ryabov, Ph.D. (04.10.2021)

1) Linear theory: Basic postulates and concepts (entropy production, Onsager's reciprocity relations), various formulations for continuous systems. Conservation laws and balance equations. Relaxation processes. Variational principles. Generalization to small systems. Korteweg, Cahn-Hilliard.

2) Nonlinear theory: Prigogine's evolution criterion, conditions of stability. Phenomenological chemical kinetics. Nonlinear oscillations and self-organized dissipative structures.

3) Rational thermodynamics (Truesdell). Extended rational thermodynamics (Müller, Ruggeri). Extended nonequilibrium thermodynamics (Jou). Applications (EIT).

4) Introduction to GENERIC.

Charles University | Information system of Charles University |