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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Quantum Optics I - NBCM067
Title: Kvantová optika I
Guaranteed by: Institute of Physics of Charles University (32-FUUK)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2022
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/1, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Tomáš Mančal, Ph.D.
doc. Mgr. František Šanda, Ph.D.
RNDr. Pavel Malý, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Biophysics and Chemical Physics
Is co-requisite for: NBCM093
Is pre-requisite for: NTMF001
Is interchangeable with: NTMF002
Annotation -
Last update: T_FUUK (17.01.2008)
Quantum theory of electromagnetic radiation, interaction of light with matter, kinetic processes, introduction into spectroscopy and theory of open systems.
Aim of the course -
Last update: T_FUUK (30.05.2008)

Systematically introduce students into the fundamentals of quantum theory of light, into description of light-matter interaction and into basics of optical spectroscopy.

Course completion requirements -
Last update: doc. Mgr. Tomáš Mančal, Ph.D. (13.10.2017)

Oral exam. For oral exam, student has to pass a written test and participate on the lectures.

Literature -
Last update: T_FUUK (16.01.2008)

V.Cápek: Kvantová teorie svetla a koherence (skripta, 1.díl)

R. Loundon: The Quantum Theory of Light, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1983

H.-A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph: A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004

L. Allen and J. H. Eberly: Optical Resonance and Two-level Atoms, Dover, New York, 1987

S. Mukamel: Principles of Nonlinear Spectroscopy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995

Teaching methods -
Last update: T_FUUK (30.05.2008)

Standard lecture

Syllabus -
Last update: T_FUUK (17.01.2008)

Quantization of electromagnetic field.

Separation of transverse and longitudinal component by gauge theory.

Hamiltonian of the transverse part in second quantization.

Dipole approximation of interaction of light with an atom.

Quantum states of the field.

Pure states of the field: states with a sharp number of photons, coherent states,

squeezed vacuum and squeezed coherent state.

Mixed state of the field.

Thermal radiation, energy of thermal radiation, heat conduction by radiation.

Quantum optics of an atom.

Spontaneous emission, life time of excited state, natural spectral line shape,

thermal and collisional broadening of spectral line,

absorption and stimulated emission. Spectral hole burning,

stimulated emission vs. absorption - laser equations.

Interaction of atoms with coherent light, reduced density matrix, relaxation in open systems,

relaxation tensor, properties of relaxation tensor, spectral lines in susceptibility,

absorption saturation, photon echo, slow light.

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