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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Cosmology II - NAST039
Title in English: Kosmologie II
Guaranteed by: Astronomical Institute of Charles University (32-AUUK)
Faculty: Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Actual: from 2017 to 2019
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Attila Mészáros, DrSc.
RNDr. Jaroslav Haas, Ph.D.
Classification: Physics > Astronomy and Astrophysics
Annotation -
Last update: prof. RNDr. David Vokrouhlický, DrSc. (07.06.2019)
Second semester of a course of cosmology. Cosmological epochs; physics of the early Universe; nucleosynthesis; very early Universe; theory of galaxy formation; cosmic microwave background radiation anisotropy. Intended primarily for master and PhD students of astronomy and astrophysics, theoretical physics and particle and nuclear physics. Knowledge of the general theory of relativity at the level of NTMF111 (General theory of relativity) course is assumed. Emphasis is put on the cosmological aspects of the astronomical observations.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Attila Mészáros, DrSc. (07.06.2019)

Oral examination.

Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Jaroslav Haas, Ph.D. (14.01.2019)

E. W. Kolb, M. S. Turner (1990, 2018). The Early Universe. CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group.

J. A. Peacock (1999). Cosmological Physics. Cambridge University Press.

P. J. E. Peebles (1971, 2015). Physical Cosmology. Princeton University Press.

P. J. E. Peebles (1980). The Large-Scale Structure of the Universe. Princeton University Press.

P. J. E. Peebles (1993). Principles of Physical Cosmology. Princeton University Press.

Ya. B. Zeldovich, I. D. Novikov (1983). Relativistic Astrophysics, 2: The Structure and Evolution of the Universe. University of Chicago Press.

Teaching methods -
Last update: RNDr. Jaroslav Haas, Ph.D. (14.01.2019)

Lecture.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Jaroslav Haas, Ph.D. (13.10.2017)

The exam consists of an oral part, only. The students are given two or three questions from the topics covered in the lectures and some time to prepare the answers. These are then discussed with the examiner.

Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Jaroslav Haas, Ph.D. (14.01.2019)

Cosmological epochs -- radiation-dominated era and matter-dominated era; recombination.

Physics of the early Universe -- cosmic microwave background radiation; thermal history of the early Universe; entropy; neutrinos.

Nucleosynthesis -- importance of the neutron-to-proton ratio; synthesis of helium and other elements; importance of deuterium; first three minutes.

Very early Universe -- Planck epoch; Big Bang; origin of the matter-anti-matter antisymmetry; anihilation and creation; inflationary Universe; observational tests of the theory of inflation.

Theory of galaxy formation -- Jeans theory; adiabatic and entropic perturbations; Bonnor theory; role and nature of the dark matter; mass of neutrinos; comparison with the observational data.

Cosmic microwave background radiation anisotropy -- observations; dipole anisotropy; relation of the cosmic microwave background radiation and the special theory of relativity; Sachs-Wolfe effect; Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect.

 
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