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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Modelling of hydrological processes - MZ330P35
Title in English: Modelování hydrologických procesů
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology (31-330)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2018
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:1/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: 24
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Additional information: http://hydro.natur.cuni.cz/jenicek/
Guarantor: RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D.
RNDr. Václav Šípek, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D. (26.09.2018)
The main goal of the lecture is to give students basic information of principles and methods in hydrological modelling. Methods used for calculation of components of rainfall-runoff process will be explained and students will have the opportunity to set-up and program their own models simulating selected components of rainfall-runoff process (using R language and MS Excel). Models will be calibrated based on experimental data. We will also use existing models often applied in hydrological research.
This lecture is determined primarily for master students. Students should have hydrology background (basics) and they should be familiar with MS Excel and ArcGIS.
Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D. (05.01.2016)
  • Becker, A., Serban P. (1990): Hydrological models for water - resources system design and operation. Operational Hydrology Report No. 34, WMO, Geneva.
  • Beven K. J. (2001): Rainfall-Runoff modelling, The Primer. John Wiley & Sons Chichester.
  • Beven K.J. (2009): Environmental Modelling: An Uncertain Future? Taylor & Francis.
  • Bízek, V., Foltýn, I., Helová, S., Jeníček, M., Koblížková, E., Kodešová, R., Mertl, J., Nesměrák, I., Nondek, L., Ratinger, T. (2011): Aplikace modelů v oblasti životního prostředí. CENIA, Praha.
  • Maidment, D. R. (1993): Handbook of Hydrology. McGraw-Hill, New York
  • Tarboton, D.G. (2003): Rainfall-Runoff Processes. Utah State University. (http://hydrology.usu.edu/RRP/)
Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D. (05.01.2016)
  • Credit: attendance on practical parts of lecture, elaboration of computer-based project on given topic
  • Exam: oral examination
Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D. (18.09.2019)

Notice: The lecture starts on Wednesday, 9th Oct 2019

  1. 9.10.2019: Introduction
    Hydrological model and its structure, model classification, model calibration and validation. (M. Jeníček)

  2. 16.10.2019: HBV-light I
    Modelling the impact of climate changes on catchment runoff. Data preparation, model setup. (M. Jeníček)

  3. 23.10.2019: HBV-light II
    Modelling the impact of climate changes on catchment runoff. Model calibration using genetic algorithm procedure, model validation (M. Jeníček)

  4. 30.10.2019: HBV-light III
    Modelling the impact of climate changes on catchment runoff. Climate change scenarios, impact simulation, results analysis (M. Jeníček)

  5. 6.11.2019: Evapotranspiration modelling – Potential evapotranspiration
    Radiation balance, Evaporation measurements, Derivation of fundamental equations, Development of air temperature, radiation budget and combined approach models in excel environment. Models calibration and validation using measured data.(V. Šípek)

  6. 13.11.2019: Evapotranspiration modelling – Actual evapotranspiration
    Photosynthesis, Transpiration measurements, Interception, Description of possible approaches of AET modelling. Creating of evapotranspiration models based on the soil wetness and empirical coefficients. (V. Šípek)

  7. 20.11.2019: Modelling of the soil moisture content – conceptual models
    Soil moisture data collection, Related runoff generation processes. Use of three conceptual models to simulate subsurface flow and soil moisture budget. (V. Šípek)

  8. 27.11.2019: Modelling of the soil moisture content – conceptual models
    Soil moisture data collection, Related runoff generation processes. Use of three conceptual models to simulate subsurface flow and soil moisture budget. (V. Šípek)

  9. 4.12.2019:Modelling of the soil moisture content – physically based models
    Soil matric potential, Retention curve. Setting-up a physically based model (HYDRUS-1D) for a flow movement in a porous media. Model calibration and validation using measured data. (V. Šípek)

  10. 11.12.2019: Modelling snow accumulation and snowmelt I
    Energy-based  models and degree-day models of snow; theoretical introduction. Creating 1) excel-based and 2) R-based model of snow accumulation and snowmelt based on degree-day approach. Models calibration and validation using measured data. (M. Jeníček)

  11. 18.12.2019: Modelling snow accumulation and snowmelt II
    Energy-based  models and degree-day models of snow; theoretical introduction. Creating 1) excel-based and 2) R-based model of snow accumulation and snowmelt based on degree-day approach. Models calibration and validation using measured data. (M. Jeníček)

  12. 8.1.2020: Back-up for finishing projects and discussion

 
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