SubjectsSubjects(version: 901)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
Vadose zone hydrology - MG451P38
Title: Vadose zone hydrology
Czech title: Hydrogeologie nesaturované zóny
Guaranteed by: Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics (31-450)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:combined
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:1/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Explanation: Výuka probíhá s ohledem na situaci dle nařízení hyg. stanice hl.m. Prahy a MŠMT
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Lukáš Vlček, Ph.D.
Mgr. Tomáš Weiss
Incompatibility : MG451P35
Is incompatible with: MG451P35
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: Mgr. Jana Trnková (19.03.2019)
This is an introductory course to vadose zone hydrology. The course begins with different soil characteristics such
as soil phases and mineralogy, and soil water content and potential. With the knowledge of soil physical
properties the course moves to its core focus - the understanding of steady water flow and solute transport in
unsaturated environment. The course combines the theory, lab measurements, and mathematical modelling
(programs RETC and Hydrus 1-D). An excursion to the Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation is also
part of the course.
Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Jana Trnková (19.03.2019)


Radcliffe, D., and J. Šimůnek (2010): Soil Physics with HYDRUS: Modeling and Applications, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, ISBN-10: 142007380X, ISBN-13: 9781420073805, pp. 373.

J. Šimůnek, M. Šejna, H. Saito, M. Sakai, and M. Th. van Genuchten (2013): The HYDRUS 1D Software Package for Simulating the One Dimensional Movement of Water, Heat, and Multiple Solutes in VariablySaturated Media. Version 4.17. Technical Manual. (Dostupné na: )

Tindall, J. A., Kunkel, J. R. (1999): Unsaturated Zone Hydrology for Scientists and Engineers. (Dostupné na:

Daniel Hillel (2004): Introduction to Environmental Soil Physics.

Requirements to the exam
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc. (29.10.2019)

The credit is awarded, apart from the exam, for home assignments and for presenting a scientific paper.�

The exam is written in the form of questions based on lectures and practical exercises. The final mark consists of the final test (60%) and the submitted assignments (40%).�

The evaluation of the assignments is based on terminology (correct terminology in the right context), conclusion and discussion (!) (existence and accuracy of the statement, justification of the statement, data interpretation, deficiencies in measurement / modeling, suggestion of possible improvements), data collection and processing (accuracy of measurement, marking of data, units, processing, considering inaccuracy of measurement), conceptual model (!) (area, material, initial and boundary conditions, type of task / equation), calibration (justification for the use of individual calibration parameters).

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Jana Trnková (19.03.2019)

1. introduction: soil phase, soil texture, soil mineralogy, soil structure

2. definition of unsaturated zone and definition of basic soil characteristics

3. humidity, suction pressure and their measurement

4. retention curve, its description and measurement

5. steady flow in unsaturated environment: theory and measurement

6. infiltration and drainage, flow modeling

7. flow modeling

8. flow modeling

9. transport processes: advection, diffusion, dispersion

10. preferential flow and dual permeability models

11. heat flow

12. excursion to the Research Institute for Soil and Water Conservation

Charles University | Information system of Charles University |