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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Groundwater hydraulics - MG451P05E
Title in English: Groundwater hydraulics
Guaranteed by: Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied Geophysics (31-450)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2017
Semester: both
E-Credits: 5
Hours per week, examination: 2/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 3
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Note: you can enroll for the course in winter and in summer semester
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc.
Teacher(s): doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc.
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc. (13.11.2011)

Groundwater zones; molecular, microscal and macroscale resolution levels; governing equations of Darcian hydromechanics; hydraulics of aquifers; hydromechanics of unsaturated zone; equations of component transport; introduction to poroelasticity.
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc. (25.10.2011)


Bear, J., 1972, Dynamics of Fluid in Porous Media, Elsevier, New York

Bear, J., 1979, Hydraulics of Groundwater, McGraw-Hill Inc., New York

Bear, J. and Cheng, A. H-D., 2010, Modeling Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport, Springer; Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York

Bear, J. and Verruijt, A., 1987, Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Boston- Lancaster-Tokyo

Luckner, L., Schestakow, W. M., 1991, Migration processes in the Soil and Groundwater Zone, Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie, Leipzig (also in English)

Mualem, Y., 1976, A new model for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated porous media, Water Resour. Res., 12, 513-522

van Genuchten, M. T., 1980, A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils, Soil. Sci. Am. J., 44, 892-898

Verruijt, A., 1982, Theory of Groundwater Flow, The Macmillan Press, London and Basingstoke

Requirements to the exam
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc. (14.11.2011)

Written exam containing tasks and questions covering the subject in the amount lectured during the term.

Last update: doc. RNDr. Jiří Mls, CSc. (14.11.2011)


Groundwater; porous media, aquifers, basic notions.

Darcy�s law; flux density, hydraulic conductivity, non-Darcian flow, anisotropy, hydraulic head, variable density.

Governing equations; continuity equation, steady-state flow, evolution problems, specific storativity, general equation of saturated flow, 2D problems, initial and boundary conditions, free and movable boundaries.

Hydraulics of aquifers; the Dupuit-Forchheimer approach, discharge per unit width, transmissivity, storativity, the Girinskii potential.

Unsaturated zone; negative pressure head, water content, retention curve, van Genuchten�s equation, the Darcy-Buckingham law, Mualem�s equation, Richards� equation and its diffusion and capacity forms.

Transport phenomena; phases and components, molecular diffusion, advection, dispersion, dispersivity, coefficient of dispersion, advection-dispersion equation, sources, degradation, decay, sorption, general transport equation.

Poroelasticity; solid-phase tension, Cauchy�s theorem, the small-strain tensor, generalized Hook�s law, Biot�s assumptions and Biot�s theory of poroelasticity.

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