SubjectsSubjects(version: 901)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
Geological Thermodynamics - MG440P71
Title: Geological Thermodynamics
Czech title: Geologická termodynamika
Guaranteed by: Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology (31-440)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 6
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 3
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. Alessandro Fabbrizio, Ph.D.
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: doc. Alessandro Fabbrizio, Ph.D. (07.04.2022)
Target students: master and doctoral level

This advanced course offers overview of thermodynamic relationships and phase diagram principles applicable in mineralogy, petrology, geochemistry, economic geology as well as mineral physics. The course has two sections - the first part concentrates on thermodynamic laws, types of energy and equations of state for solid, liquid and fluid substances at elevated temperatures and pressures. The second part concentrates on construction features of phase diagrams, interpretation of phase stabilities, melting and crystallization paths in multicomponent systems and their applications in geology. For the academic year 2021/22 it is planned to be held in presence. Depending on the evolution of the epidemiological situation it could be switched to the hybrid mode at the following link
Aim of the course - Czech
Last update: prof. David Dolejš, Ph.D. (07.05.2012)

Kurz je urcen pro pokrocile studenty bakalarskeho studia mineralogie, petrologie, geochemie, loziskove geologie, prip. zajemcum o geofyziku zemskeho nitra. Probiha kazdy rok v letnim semestru.

Literature -
Last update: doc. Alessandro Fabbrizio, Ph.D. (01.02.2022)

The videos of the lectures and the related course material can be found at the following links:

Suggested books

Ganguly J. (2020): Thermodynamics in Earth and Planetary Sciences. 2nd edition 2020. Springer, pp. 610

Nordstrom DK and Munoz JL (1994): Geochemical Thermodynamics. 2nd edition. - The Blackburn Press, pp.493

Anderson GM (2005): Thermodynamics of natural systems. 2nd edition. - Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 648 pp. (Pdf available)

Atkins P., de Paula J., Keeler J. (2017) Physical Chemistry. 11th edition. Oxford University Press, pp. 944

Other suggestions

Wood B. and Fraser D. (1977): Elementary thermodynamics for geologists. - Oxford University Press, Oxford, 303 pp.
Spear FS (1993): Metamorphic phase equilibria and pressure-temperature-time paths. - Mineralogical Society of America, 799 pp.
Ehlers EG (1972): The interpretation of geological phase diagrams. - WH Freeman & Co., Don Mills, 280 pp.
Morse SA (1980): Basalts and phase diagrams. - Springer Verlag, New York, 493 pp.
Ricci JE (1966): Phase rule and heterogeneous equilibrium. - Dover, New York, 505 p.

Requirements to the exam
Last update: doc. Alessandro Fabbrizio, Ph.D. (22.09.2021)
The exam takes places in writing and in oral. The writing section consists of solving thermodynamic problems related to natural systems. The oral section is a discussion about the writing text and other topics treated during the course. To be admitted to the oral a minum score of 60/100 is requested.
Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Jeřábek, Ph.D. (14.03.2019)

General Thermodynamic applied to geological systems:

• Introduction to thermodynamic
• Gas laws
• Thermodynamic laws
• Enthalpy, Gibbs free energy, simple phase equilibria, Gibbs phase rule, Clapeyron equation
• Thermodynamic of solution
• Thermodynamic of crystalline solutions
• Equilibrium constant

Phase equilibria in binary and ternary systems:

• Binary systems with eutectic and peritectic points
• Binary systems with solid solution and exsolution
• Ternary systems with eutectic and peritectic points
• Ternary systems with solid solution
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