SubjectsSubjects(version: 901)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
Dynamics of Magma Chambers - MG440P70
Title: Dynamics of Magma Chambers
Czech title: Dynamika magmatických krbů
Guaranteed by: Institute of Petrology and Structural Geology (31-440)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 3
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English, Czech
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: Mgr. Václav Špillar, Ph.D.
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: Mgr. Václav Špillar, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)
The course is taught in English when at least one international student is enrolled. Basic background in igneous petrology is welcome.
This course presents basic findings and physico-chemical background needed for understanding of the internal dynamics of magma chambers, mainly for analyzing the thermal, crystallization and mechanical processes active during magma chamber cooling. Main focus of the the course is in practical exercises in which the simple models of magma chamber behavior as a function of its parameters are developed. In this exercises the students will learn to use the software for crystallization, heat transport, and fluid dynamics simulation and strengthen their general skills for quantitative description of natural phenomena.
Literature -
Last update: Mgr. Václav Špillar, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)

Zellmer, G.F. and  Annen, C. 2008. An introduction to magma dynamics. 

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Mgr. Václav Špillar, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)

The course is terminated with written exam and short oral discussion. The 40% limit is reaquired for passing the exam successfuly.

Syllabus -
Last update: Mgr. Václav Špillar, Ph.D. (29.10.2019)

The main focus of the course is physical description of processes in magma chambers. 

The course is updated according to its actual progress and actual interests of the students enrolled.


Main topics:

Why study magma chambers?

Cooling of magma chambers: conduction, convection, rate of cooling.

Crystallization in the static environment: undercooling, kinetics of nucleation and growth, static coarsening, textures.

Crystallization it the dynamic environment: gravity as a driving force, gravitational differentiation, cumulates, flow, solidification regimes.

Crystal mushes and their mechanics: rheology of suspensions and crystal frameworks, compaction of crystal mushes, interstitial melt migration.

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