SubjectsSubjects(version: 953)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Methods of structure analysis of solids in geoscience - MG431P70
Title: Metody výzkumu struktury pevných látek v geovědách
Czech title: Metody výzkumu struktury pevných látek v geovědách
Guaranteed by: Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Mineral Resources (31-430)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2022
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:1/2, C+Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Viktor Goliáš, Ph.D.
RNDr. Roman Skála, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Roman Skála, Ph.D.
Annotation -
The course describes diffraction methods and the procedures for their processing as used in mineralogy. The possibilities and limitations of certain experimental techniques are explained. Also, real structure influence on the diffraction patterns is addressed.

Due to the pandemic situation, the course in the summer semester of the academic year 2020/2021 takes place in a combined online form and self-study of provided selected literature. Information on how to connect to an online lecture will be provided to enrolled students via e-mail.
Last update: Skála Roman, RNDr., Ph.D. (23.02.2021)
Literature -

Giacovazzo C., editor (2000) Fundamentals of Crystallography, 2nd edition, IUCr Oxford University Press.

Smrčok L. (1994) Difrakcia na polykryštalických látkach. R&D Print, Bratislava.

Snyder R., Fiala J., and Bunge H.J., editors (2000) Defect and Microstructure Analysis by Diffraction. Oxford University Press.

Young R.A., editor (1995) The Rietveld Method. Oxford University Press.

Last update: Zachariáš Jiří, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (26.10.2011)
Requirements to the exam -

An essay on a given topic reflecting aspects discussed during the course.

Last update: Skála Roman, RNDr., Ph.D. (23.02.2021)
Syllabus -

Light and its diffraction on periodic planar patterns. Diffraction of electrons, neutrons and X-rays from 3D periodic structures. Fourier transforms.

Diffraction from powders and single crystals. Ewald construction for various experimental setups.

Processing of powder data. Peak position and intensities. Unit cell dimensions refinement. Peak shape functions. Extraction of strain and size parameters. Pattern indexing. Crystal structure solution and refinement from powder data.

Processing of single crystal data. Structure solution and refinement.

Electron diffraction. Structure and defect imaging.

Last update: Zachariáš Jiří, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (15.04.2008)
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