SubjectsSubjects(version: 850)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Paleobiology - MG422P40
Title in English: Paleobiologie
Czech title: Paleobiologie
Guaranteed by: Institute of Geology and Paleontology (31-420)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2018
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: 90
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc.
Teacher(s): prof. RNDr. Oldřich Fatka, CSc.
doc. RNDr. Katarína Holcová, CSc.
doc. RNDr. Martin Košťák, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc.
RNDr. Martin Mazuch, Ph.D.
prof. RNDr. Stanislav Opluštil, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Jakub Sakala, Ph.D.
Attributes: K bakal. zkoušce uč. biologie
Modul Ekologie a evoluce
Annotation -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc. (18.05.2012)
The course is meant especially for students of different branches of neontological biology. It is an introducition to historical biology and give an overview on its main aspects.
Literature -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc. (18.05.2012)

Briggs, D.E.G., Crowther, P.R. (eds.), 2003. Palaeobiology II. Blackwell Publishing, 583 str.

Stanley S. M., 1989. Earth and life through time. W. H. Freeman and comp., New York, 690 pp.

Taylor, P. D., 2004. Extinctions in the History of Life. Cambridge University Press, 191 str.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc. (18.05.2012)

Examination is written test with accent on active knowledge of basic information and context of principles and processes in time and inorganic components of the global ecosystem.

Requirement to credit is presence at the field practices in duration of one excursion day.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Kraft, CSc. (18.05.2012)

1) Introductory unit - base of palaeobiology:

a) Fossils - how they look, how they are originated, what they document and testify

b) Determination of geological time - methods for determination of relative and absolute ages, their accuracy and reliability; survey of main stratigraphic units and stratigraphic chart

c) Geological and geographical in the past of the Earth - forming of the Earth, plate tectonics; survey of palaeogeography, climates and temperatures, glaciations, sea level changes; palaeobiogeographical aspects

2) Evolution of global ecosystem:

a) Origin of life and evolution during the Precambrian

b) General spects - mass extinctions, concept of evolutionary faunas, tiering, evolution of some ecosystems such as reefs, terrestrialization, evolution of invertebrates, vertebrates and plants.

c) Overview on periods of the Earth history - with emphasis on evolutionary faunas and floras, principal evolutionary inovations, extinctions and main changes in ecosystems, including their causes, effects and evolutionary roles. Examples and fossils for each period are focused on material found in the Czech Republic and central Europe.

Practice is organized in the field. Its main target is to demonstrate an information value of fossils.

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