SubjectsSubjects(version: 901)
Course, academic year 2022/2023
  
Macromolecular Chemistry II - MC260P78
Title: Makromolekulární chemie II
Czech title: Makromolekulární chemie II
Guaranteed by: Department of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry (31-260)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2014
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 6
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/2 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jan Sedláček, Dr.
Teacher(s): prof. RNDr. Jiří Vohlídal, CSc.
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Kateřina Ušelová, Ph.D. (28.01.2019)
The course extends and deepens the basic knowledge on the structure and types of polymers and composite
systems containing polymers, preparation, properties and recycling these materials, methods of their investigation
and on their practical applications. Interdisciplinary overlaps of polymer chemistry, especially to the fields of
material sciences and biomedicine are an integral part of the course.
Literature - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jan Sedláček, Dr. (19.02.2019)
  1. J. Vohlídal, Makromolekulární chemie, Karolinum Praha 1996
  2.  J. Pouchlý, Fyzikální chemie makromolekulárních a koloidních soustav, Praha 2008
  3.  M. Kučera, Vznik makromolekul I. a II., VUTIUM (Brno) 2003
  4.  Materiály IUPAC Polymer Division volně dostupné na www.iupac.org
  5.  Polymers: Chemistry and Physics of Modern Materials, Cowie JMG., Blackie Academie & Profesionals, London 1997
Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jan Sedláček, Dr. (18.02.2019)

Zkouška je ústní. Silně akcentováno je skutečné porozumění probrané látce, nikoliv "naučení se" něčeho nazpaměť. Požadováno je též používání správné terminologie a schopnost aplikovat obecné vztahy na řešení příkladů s konkrétními látkami.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Jan Sedláček, Dr. (19.02.2019)

Polymers, their structure, classification and practical significance
1.1 Polymer chemistry and physics; material research, interdisciplinary links
1.2 Polymer terminology
1.3 Molecular characteristics of polymers and methods of their determination
1.4. Molar masses of polymers and methods of their determination
1.5 Characteristics of polymers on the material level
1.6 Viscoelasticity - a unique property of polymers
 
Synthesis of polymers
2.1 Thermodynamics of polymerization
2.2 Polymerization modes
2.3 Types of monomers and their reactivity
2.4 Monomer-monomeric unit relationships
 
Chain-growth polymerization
3.1 General mechanism, types of active centers, stationary states and their establishment
3.2 Free radical polymerization
3.3 Polymerization with transfer reactions
3.4 Polymerization with control over termination and transfer reactions
3.5 Types and characteristics of homogeneous and heterogeneous radical polymerizations
3.6 Degree of polymerization distribution in free radical polymerization
 
Ionic polymerization
4.1 Influence of dissociation equilibrium on kinetics and selectivity of ionic polymerizations
4.2 Anionic polymerization, initiators, types of monomers and polymerization modes
4.3. Living anionic polymerization and methods of implementation, polymer standards synthesis
4.4 Thermodynamic aspects of living anionic polymerization
4.5 Stereoselective anionic polymerizations
4.6 Anionic polymerization of activated monomers.
4.7 Group transfer polymerization
4.8 Cationic polymerization, types of monomers and active centers, polymerization modes
4.9 Cationic polymerization of heterocyclic monomers
4.10 Cationic polymerization of p-monomers
4.11 Transfer reactions in cationic polymerization
4.12 Cationic polymerization of alkanes induced by superacids
 
Coordination polymerization
5.1. General aspects and classification of coordination polymerizations
5.2 Insertion polymerization
5.3 Metathesis polymerization
5.4 Termination control in coordination polymerizations, synthesis of stereoregular polymers
5.5 Transfer reactions in coordination polymerizations, control of molar mass of polymers
5.6 Polymerization of triple bond-containing monomers
 
Chain-growth copolymerization
6.1. Advantages of copolymers, relationship molecular structure - material properties
6.2. Copolymerization equation for statistical copolymers
6.3. Distribution and mean length of homopolymer sequences in copolymers
6.4. Methods of preparation of block and graft copolymers
 
Step-growth polymerization
7.1 Principles and classification of step-growth polymerization
7.2 Polyesters, types and mechanisms of polyesterification, polyesters from renewable sources
7.3 Polyamides, synthesis, types and traditional names, influence of H bonds on properties
7.4 Polyimides, synthesis, types, properties, applications
7.6 Polyurethanes (polycarbamates), types, synthesis, properties, applications
7.7 Phenolic and amino resins, synthesis, properties, applications
7.8 Oxidation polymerization; polyoxyphenylenes, polyanilines, polythiophenes,
7.9 Preparation of polymers by coupling reactions (Suzuki-Miyaura, Stille, Negeshi)
7.10 Kinetics of polyesterification and polyamidation
7.11 Distribution of degree of polymerization in step-growth polymerization
7.12 Three-dimensional polymer networks, gelation point
 
Polymers with inorganic main chains
8.1 Stability of inorganic linear chains
8.2 Inorganic linear and branched polymers
8.3 Polysiloxanes, types, preparation, properties and applications
 
Constitutional-dynamic polymers - dynamers
9.1 Constitutional-dynamic systems, principles and classification according to the type of links between constituents
9.2 Supramolecular polymers, types, preparations, properties and applications
9.3 Metallo-supramolecular polymers, types, preparations, properties and applications
9.4 Covalent dynamers, types, preparation, properties and applications
 
Dendritic polymers
10.1 Dendrons and dendrimers, structure, terminology, classification and characterization
10.2 Methods of preparation of dendrimers and dendritic polymers
10.3 Properties and applications of dendrimers and dendritic polymers
 
Chemical reactions of polymers and polymer recycling
11.1 Classification and importance of chemical reactions of polymers
11.2 Modification of functional groups of polymers
11.3 Grafting of polymers
11.4 Curing and vulcanization of polymers
11.5 Degradation of polymers - types according to initiation and "reagents"
11.6 Polymer degradation - kinetics for various positional cleavage types
11.7 Depolymerization and its application in polymer recycling

 
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