SubjectsSubjects(version: 861)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
General entomology - MB170P53
Title: Obecná entomologie
Czech title: Obecná entomologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Zoology (31-170)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 5
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:3/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 7
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Jakub Prokop, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): prof. RNDr. Pavel Štys, CSc.
Annotation -
Last update: JPROKOP (25.05.2007)
Please note, the lectures are given in Czech language. English version of the course can be requested in advance if there
are at least 3 students. This course is concerned with basic principles of entomology. It summarizes the general knowledge
of external and internal organization of insect body on different levels, macroscopical, microscopical and ultrastructural. It
provides understanding to functions of insect body, its reproduction, and embryonic and postembryonic development.
Comparative and phylogenetic assessments are stressed.
Literature -
Last update: JPROKOP (25.05.2007)

Boudreaux H. B. 1979: Arthropod Phylogeny with Special Reference to Insects. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 320 pp.

Chapman R. F. 1998: The Insects. Structure and Function. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 770 pp.

Gullan P. J. & Crantson P. S. 2005: The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. Blackwell publ., Malden, USA, 505 pp.

Imms A. D. 1957: A General Textbook of Entomology. 9th edition. Methuen, London, 886 pp.

Snodgrass R. E. 1935: Principles of Insect Morphology. McGraw-Hill, New York, 667 pp.

Snodgrass R. E. 1952: A Textbook of Arthropod Anatomy. Comstock Publishing Associates, Ithaca, 363 pp.

Torre-Bueno J. R. de la 1989: The Torre-Bueno Glossary of Entomology, The New York Entomological Society, Ithaca, 840 pp.

Weber H. 1933: Lehrbuch der Entomologie. Gustav Fischer, Jena, 726 pp.

Weber H. 1966: Grundriss der Insektenkunde. Gustav Fischer, Jena, 428 pp.

Wigglesworth V. B. 1965: The Principles of Insects Physiology. Methuen, London, 741 pp.

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: PAVELSTYS (26.10.2011)

Předmět je zkoušen ústně z přednesené látky a vybrané části doporučené literatury. Zápočet z praktické části spočívá v prokázání pitevní dovednosti a identifikaci vnějších i vnitřních orgánů hmyzu.

Syllabus -
Last update: JPROKOP (25.05.2007)

1. Introduction

Short survey of history, association with other disciplines. Evolutionary-phylogenetical approach. Homology, homocracy and evo-devo

2. Classification and phylogeny of insects

3. Comparative and functional morphology

Morphology, and its kinds; anatomy. Morpho-anatomical terminology. Life forms.

4. Exoskeleton and endoskeleton.

Epidermis and cuticle structure, oenocytes. Macrotrichia and other similar structures. General structure of sensillum. Coloration of insects and its function.

5. Basic architecture of insect body

Segmentation, parasegmentation, myosegmentation, tagmatization, and their evo-devo causality. Composition of generalized segmented limb and its evo-devo.

6. Fore part of insect body

Head, antennae, gnathal organs, and their modifications, cervix.

7. Thorax

Thorax in primarily apterous insects and in Pterygota. Legs, prolegs, and locomotion using limbs. Wings, their articulation, and ontogeny and phylogeny. Mechanism of flight. Secondary aptery and pterygopolymorphism.

8. Abdomen

Abdomen. Male and female terminalia, primary and secondary copulatory organs of males, ovipositor in females. Problems with homology of terminalia.

9. Internal organs I

Digestive tube and its modification. Excretory organs and excretion. Osmoregulatory organs and osmoregulation. Respiratory organs and respiration in terrestrial and water insects. Body cavity, fat body, vascular system and haemocytes, haemolymph circulation. Bioluminiscence organs.

10. Internal organs II

Nervous and neuroendocrine systems. Sense organs - structure and function, compound and simple eyes, vision. Stridulatory organs and sound production. Ectodermal glands and their function.

11. Reproductive organs, insect reproduction and sexuality

Male and female gonads and gonoducts. Sperm and egg. Transmission of sperm, insemination. Parthenogenesis and other aberrant modes of reproduction. Sex determination .

12. Embryogenesis and postembryonic development.

Descriptive and causal embryology. Regulation and interpretation of metamorphosis. Moulting, pharate instars. Types of larvae. Heterochrony.

 
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