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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Ecological and evolutionary endocrinology - MB162P22
Title in English: Ekologická a evoluční endokrinologie
Czech title: Ekologická a evoluční endokrinologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Ecology (31-162)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2019
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:oral
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Guarantor: RNDr. Lukáš Kubička, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Lukáš Kubička, Ph.D. (26.04.2015)
This course will apprise participants how different hormones can influence life processes and strategies of animals from the perspective of ecology (and also behavioural ecology and ecophysiology), evolutionary biology and physiology (including macrophysiology and conservation physiology). It is mainly focused on vertebrates, the most studied group in this field. However, mechanisms involved in invertebrates will be also mentioned in selected chapters. For its interdisciplinary character it is rather intended for students of the MSc. program. The previous completion of Animal biology, Animal ecology, Basics of animal physiology or Morphology of animals is recommended.
Literature -
Last update: RNDr. Lukáš Kubička, Ph.D. (28.04.2013)

Adkins-Regan A.: Hormones and animal social behavior, Princeton University Press

Flatt T., Heyland A. (Eds.): Mechanisms of life-history evolution. Oxford University Press

Kardong K.V.: Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution (any edition)

Nelson R.J.: An introduction to behavioral endokrinology, Sinauer Associates (any edition)

Norris D.O.: Vertebrate endokrinology, Academic Press Elsevier (any edition)

Norris D.O., Lopez K.H. (Eds.): Hormones and reproduction of vertebrates, vol. 1-5. Academic Press Elsevier

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: RNDr. Lukáš Kubička, Ph.D. (26.04.2015)

Exam is primary oral. However, students are allowed to elaborate an assay on one of the main topics of the subject, which may positively contribute to the student evaluation at the examination. More details will be provided at the first lecture of the course.

Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Lukáš Kubička, Ph.D. (28.04.2013)

• The endocrine system

features and evolution of the endocrine system and organs with endocrine function; the origin of major hormones and receptors; cellular and molecular mechanisms of hormone action and its regulation

• Hormonal control of endogenous processes and biological rhythms

principles and mechanisms of homeostasis; metabolism, food intake and resource management; fluctuation of homeostatic processes; stressors and the evolution of stress responses, the general adaptation syndrome; temporal adaptive function of endogenous biological clocks and its synchronization with geophysical cycles; endocrine disruptors

• Hormonal control of life cycles

the origin of the complexity of life-cycles; vertebrate metamorphosis; metamorphosis in holometabolous insects; sex determination and differentiation; the phylogeny of sex-determining system; sex-changing fish; evolution and ontogeny of sexual dimorphism; puberty; sexual maturity; aging

• Hormonal control of reproduction

types of reproduction; organisation and activation of sex-specific traits; ovarian cycles; menopause; sex-specific reproductive behaviour and its components; the origin of viviparity; changes connected with superfetation; endocrine correlates of parental care in individual vertebrate groups; altriciality vs. precociality

• Hormonal control of social interactions

affiliation, aggression and its adaptive function; stress in social environment, sensitisation and habituation; the timing of puberty and dispersal strategies; sex-specific differences in associative and non-associative learning and memory

 
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