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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Zooplankton Ecology - MB160P55
Title in English: Zooplankton Ecology
Czech title: Ekologie zooplanktonu
Guaranteed by: Department of Ecology (31-162)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2015
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/0 C [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Additional information:
Guarantor: RNDr. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: VSACH (15.10.2003)
Lecture "Zooplankton ecology" gives deep information on ecology of freshwater and marine invertebrates, in respect to their keystone role in various water communities. The lecture aims to encompass a broad range of ecological interactions and various aspects of zooplankton life, from genetic variability and morphologic adaptations to its role in ecosystem energy flow and productivity. (Details in the syllabus).
The lecture is particularly for Ms. Degree students of ecology who focus on hydrobiology/limnology, though it may find an audience also among students of invertebrate biology.
Literature - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Martin Černý, Ph.D. (26.10.2011)

Limnoecology: The Ecology of Lakes and Streams. Winfried Lampert and Ulrich Sommer

Translated by James F. Haney, 1997, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195095928

Daphnia: Development of a model organism in ecology and evolution", Excellence in Ecology, Book 21 (ed. O. Kinne), International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, 250 pp. (2011).

A manual on methods for the assessment of secondary productivity in fresh waters. Downing, J.A. and F.H. Rigler (eds.). 1984. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford, England.

Between Hazards of Starvation and Risk of Predation: The Ecology of Offshore Animals. Gliwicz, Z. Maciej. 2003.. Excellence in Ecology, 12. International Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany. xxvii + 379 p. ISSN: 0932-2205

The Ecology and Evolution of Inducible Defenses. Tollrian, R & C. D. Harvell (Eds.). 1999 Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Martin Černý, Ph.D. (26.10.2011)

zápočet se uděluje za zdařilé vypracování eseje na zadané téma* z oblasti ekologie zooplanktonu (z nabídky od přednášejících)

Syllabus -
Last update: VSACH (15.10.2003)
1. Introduction = what is zooplankton
zooplankton habitats

zooplankton groups ( x protozonas x fish)

marine & freshwater

2. Water - properties affecting zooplankton
floating (how to do it)

sedimentation (and how to avoid it)


3. Movement active x passive

ways of moving/swimming

morphological adaptations

4. Zooplankton in trophic interactions
filtration (mechanisms, different ways)

food selectivity

Filtering screens - adaptations to food quantity

Zooplankton as predators, morphological adaptations

5. Zooplankton as a prey

defense against predation

kairomones, morphology, visibility, cyclomorphosis, behavior/ avoidance, escapes, DVM, variations in life strategies (trade-offs), diapause

parasites and diseases

6. Diurnal vertical migration (DVM) and other spatial distribution
cues - predation, UV


horizontal distribution, scales,


7. Reproduction and ontogeny
life cycles, parthenogeny, rotifers x cladocerand x ostracods

life stages, cannibalism

marine larvae

reproductive strategies,


ontogeny - rate of development, dependence

8. Population dynamics - demography
methods, calculations fecundity, natality, mortality, fitness..

regulations, seasonality, PEG model, marine pecularities

9. Diapause and dispersion
types, egg banks


local adaptations


genetic structure

dispersion in an ocean

10. Secondary productivity
relation to PP

how to measure


11. Zooplankton & paleolimnology

12. Sampling end laboratory handling, cultivation


fixation (what is for what)

cultivation (rotifers, cladocerans)

13. Zooplankton in taxonomical frame (just selection)
Cladocera, Calanoids, Cyclopoids, Rotifers

Some marine groups

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