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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Physiology of aquatic organisms - MB160P01
Title in English: Fyziologie vodních živočichů
Czech title: Fyziologie vodních živočichů
Guaranteed by: Department of Ecology (31-162)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2016
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Guarantor: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: VSACH (23.03.2005)
The course gives basic information on special aspects of the physiology of aquatic organisms, particularly of animals. It is concerned primarily with principals and mechanisms of functions and their interactions. It deals with evolution of functions and their modifications correlated with mode of life of organisms in question.
Literature - Czech
Last update: VSACH (23.03.2005)

1/ Knut Schmidt-Nielsen (1991): Animal physiology. 3rd ed. Cambridge

2/ C.L. Prosser (1973): Comparative animal physiology Vol. 1. , 2., 3rd ed. Saunders

3/ Berne R.M, Levy M.N. 1990, Principles of Physiology, Wolfe Publishing, 690 pp.

4/ H. Penzlin (1996): Lehrbuch d. Tierphysiologie 6. Aufl., Fischer Reece W.O. 1997: Physiology of domestic animals, William and Wilkins

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D. (26.10.2011)

Zkouška probíhá ústně u jednoho z přednášejících.

Syllabus -
Last update: VSACH (23.03.2005)

1. Introduction -subject, relationship to other disciplines

2. Water, osmotic balance, maintenance of concentration gradients on biological membranes, channels and pumps, excretrion of salts, nitrogenous products of metabolism.

3. Energetical metabolism, role of respiration, its primary regulation, relationship between metabolic rate and sizeof oganisms in rest and activity, energetical cost cost of biomass synthesis, relationship to pO2, temperature relationships and their mechanisms (protein denaturation and fluidity of membranes), anaerobic metabolism, its types and anaerobic environments.

4. Body fluids, their circulation, geometry, Bernoulli´s theorem, respiratory pigments, their chracteristics and functions, Bohrś effect and Rootś effect, transport of carbon dioxide

5. Ventilation systems, tracheal systems, gills and lungs (divers), physical respiration in aquatic insects

6. Temperature - temperature budgets, rate relationships, heat exchangers, acclimation to high and low temperatures

7. Motion - molecular motors, cilia and flagella, amoeboid motion, skeletons, energetical efficiency of motion, buoyancy, swimbladder and its function

8. Photosynthesis, its two phases, photorespiration, ecxretion of photosynthetic products - relationship to bacteria and metal ions, system of carbon dioxide, limitation by CO2,

9. Senses, sensory receptors, mechanoreception, vision, electrocommunication, chemoreception, magnetoreception, - in long distance migration

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