SubjectsSubjects(version: 953)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
   Login via CAS
Plant biochemistry - selected chapters - MB130P53
Title: Vybrané kapitoly z biochemie rostlin
Czech title: Vybrané kapitoly z biochemie rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Experimental Plant Biology (31-130)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Explanation: Doporučuje se po absolvování základních přednášek z chemie, případně fyziky.Přednášet se bude distančně, on-line konzultace v aplikaci Google Meet
Additional information: https://dl2.cuni.cz/course/index.php?categoryid=11&browse=courses&perpage=30&page=1
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: RNDr. Michal Hála, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Michal Hála, Ph.D.
Annotation -
The course "Selected topics of plant biochemistry" for advanced students is introduced by the brief summary of basic terms of physical and organic chemistry necessary for understanding of biochemical processes. Further it deals with the basic metabolic reactions including the secondary metabolism (except of energetic metabolism) in plants, metabolism and structure-function relationships of biomacromolecules (proteins in particular), and biochemical bases of processes maintaining plant integrity and developmental processes.

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
Literature -


Buchanan BB, Gruissem W, Jones RL: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. - American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Maryland, 2015, ISBN: 978-0-470-71421-8

Last update: Konrádová Hana, RNDr., Ph.D. (29.10.2019)
Requirements to the exam - Czech

Zkouška ústní

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
Syllabus -

1. Brief recapitulation of selected topics of physical chemistry. Basic terms and definitions in chemistry. Principles of thermodynamics. Reaction kinetics, equilibrium in chemical reactions, catalysts. Enzymes as biocatalysts, basic terms, enzyme kinetics. Equilibrium in solutions of electrolytes: dissociation, properties of water, acids and bases. Sőrensen's hydrogen index - pH, buffers.

2. Carbon metabolism - biochemical aspects of photosynthesis, sacharides.

3. Metabolism of amino acids in plants. Essential amino acids.

4. Nitrogen fixation and cycling in plants.

5. Proteins in plants: structure - summary, structure x function; proteosynthesis; chaperones - types and functions; posttranslational modifications - basic types and their roles in formation of protein structure and function; compartmentation of proteins inside the cell; protein degradation - mechanism and significance; basic types of interaction protein domains; experimental determination of protein structure.

6. Secondary metabolism in plants. Alkaloids. Terpenoids. Phenylpropanoids and phenolic compounds. Flavonoids. Lignans, lignin. Coumarins, stilbenes, etc. Their metabolism and function.

7. Some biochemical aspects of the integrity of plant organism. Phytohormones and other regulatory substances; their metabolism, transport and signalling.

8. Basic aspects of compartmentation - plastids, peroxisomes, mitochondria, and vacuole.

Last update: Hála Michal, RNDr., Ph.D. (12.03.2019)
 
Charles University | Information system of Charles University | http://www.cuni.cz/UKEN-329.html