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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Transport and distribution of compounds in plants - MB130P12
Title: Transport a distribuce látek v rostlinách
Czech title: Transport a distribuce látek v rostlinách
Guaranteed by: Department of Experimental Plant Biology (31-130)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Additional information:
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Helena Lipavská, Ph.D.
RNDr. Petra Mašková, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): doc. RNDr. Helena Lipavská, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Transport roles in plant physiological processes, structure of vascular tissues, plasmodesmata, passive transport, active transport, transporters, roles of membranes, intracellular compartmentation and organelle transporters, cell to cell transport, long distance transport, symplasmic and apoplasmic transport, phloem loading and unloading, regulation of carbon allocation within plant, source-sink interactions, regulation of transport, signalling role of saccharides, C/N interactions.
Last update: Lipavská Helena, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (11.03.2019)
Literature -

Recommended literature:
Zimmermann I.M.H., Milburn J.A., Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New series, vol. 1, Transport in Plants, Springer - Verlag, 1975
Taiz L., Zeiger E., Plant Physiology, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company, Inc. 1991
Salisbury F.B., Ross C.W., Plant Physiology, Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont, California, 1992
Holbrook N.M. a Zwieniecki M.A.: Vascular transport in plants. Elswvier Academic Press, 2005
Plant Physiology: L. Taiz a E.Zieger, Sinauer Associates Inc., Massachusetts, USA, 6. vydání, 2014

and recent topical articles that are presented during lectures

Last update: Konrádová Hana, RNDr., Ph.D. (29.10.2019)
Requirements to the exam - Czech

Ústní zkouška

Last update: Lipavská Helena, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (11.03.2019)
Syllabus -

Introduction - the importance of transport processes and compound distribution in  growth and development of plants, major compounds transported for a long distance

Mechanisms of transport processes - diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport, bulk flow

Characterisation of structures involved in transport processes- membranes, plasmodesmata, phloem, xylem.

Long distance transport - xylem,  water and mineral nutrients transport, capilarity, transpiration, 

Long distance transport of assimilates, phloem loading, phloem unloading

Transport of amino acids, phytohormones, signalling compounds  and xenobiotics.

Short distance transport - chloroplast - cytosol, cytosol-vacuole, cell - cell

Sink - source interaction

Regulation of inter- and intracellular transport,  control of C source allocation during day/night rhythm 

Saccharide signalling: hexokinase dependent and independent hexose signalling, SnRK signalling of C avalilability shortage, trehalose-6-P signalling

 C and N metabolism interactions

Last update: Lipavská Helena, doc. RNDr., Ph.D. (11.03.2019)
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