SubjectsSubjects(version: 873)
Course, academic year 2020/2021
  
Plant mineral nutrition - MB130P05
Title: Minerální výživa rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Experimental Plant Biology (31-130)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2015
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:2/1 C+Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: 5
State of the course: cancelled
Language: Czech
Additional information: http://kfrserver.natur.cuni.cz/lide/edmunz/mineral/webove_stranky/index.htm
Note: the course is taught as cyclical
Guarantor: RNDr. Edita Tylová, Ph.D.
N//Is incompatible with: MB130P91
Opinion survey results   Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Last update: VOTRUB (10.02.2003)
Selected chapters from plant mineral nutrition. Uptake and transport of mineral nutrients in plants. Membrane transport, transport within plant tissues, long-distance transport. Assimilation - pathways, enzymes and regulations. Functions of individual mineral nutrients in plants - macronutrients, micronutrients, beneficial mineral elements. Deficiency and toxicity. Interactions between plant mineral nutrition and environmental factors. Plant adaptations to adverse soil conditions.
Literature - Czech
Last update: VOTRUB (10.02.2003)

Literatura:

Marschner, H.: Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press. London. UK. 1995, ISBN 0-12-473542-8

Buchanan, B.B., Gruissem, W., Jones, R.L.: Biochemistry and molecular biology of plants.-American Society of Plant Physiologists, Rockville, Maryland 2001, ISBN 0-943088-39-9

Taiz, L., Zeiger, E.: Plant Physiology. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers. Sunderland, Massachusetts. USA. 1998, ISBN 0-87893-831-1

Alberts, B., Bray, D., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Walter, P.: Základy buněčné biologie, Espero Publishing, Ústí nad Labem. 1998, ISBN 80-902906-0-4

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Edita Tylová, Ph.D. (14.11.2011)

Podmínkou zkoušky je zápočet. Zápočet je udělován za účast na praktických cvičeních a za přípravu krátké prezentace na zvolené téma z problematiky minerální výživy. Zkouška je ústní.

Syllabus -
Last update: VOTRUB (10.02.2003)

1. Introduction to plant mineral nutrition

History of plant mineral nutrition research, classification of mineral nutrients, general principles of uptake mechanisms, membrane transport

2. Uptake mechanisms of individual roots, transport within plant tissues

Uptake of mineral nutrients and water along the root axis, radial transport in roots, long-distance transport

3. Nitrogen

Uptake and assimilation in plant cell. Membrane transport systems, regulations of nitrogen uptake. Nitrogen assimilation, enzymes NR, NiR and GS. Interactions with other cell processes. Nitrogen and carbon balance. Effects of nitrogen availability. Nitrogen sources in ecosystems.

4. Phosphorus, sulphur

Phosphorus uptake. Functions of P in plant tissues. Role of phosphorus in energy transfer, regulatory role of inorganic phosphate. Metabolic and morphologic adaptations of plants to low phosphorus availability. Sulphate uptake and assimilation. Functions of sulphur in plants. Glutathione, phytochelatins.

5. Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium

Uptake mechanisms, regulations and cell compartmentation. Functions of individual ions in plants. Osmoregulation. Calcium as a second messenger.

6. Microelements and beneficial mineral elements

7. Factors influencing plant nutrient uptake. Ions interactions, effects of environmental factors. Deficiency and toxicity. Plant adaptations to adverse soil conditions. Disorders of plant nutrient uptake at alkaline, acidic or waterlogged soils.

 
Charles University | Information system of Charles University | http://www.cuni.cz/UKEN-329.html