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Course, academic year 2022/2023
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Course in winter ecology - MB120T09
Title: Kurs zimní ekologie
Czech title: Kurs zimní ekologie
Guaranteed by: Department of Botany (31-120)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2020
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0, C+Ex [HT]
Extent per academic year: 1 [weeks]
Capacity: 25
Min. number of students: 16
For 4EU+ students: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): RNDr. Martin Černý, Ph.D.
RNDr. Michal Jeníček, Ph.D.
Mgr. Tomáš Koubek, Ph.D.
RNDr. Marek Křížek, Ph.D.
RNDr. Radek Lučan, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Linda Nedbalová, Ph.D.
doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D.
RNDr. Olga Vindušková, Ph.D.
Mgr. Jakub Žárský, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D. (29.03.2022)
The course comprises: 1. lectures about multiple relationships between factors of winter ecology (low temperatures, desiccation, presence/absence of snowpack) and survival and distribution of organisms (plants, vertebrates, invertebrates, microorganisms) and 2. practical education in the field which involved measurements of winter microclimate and examination of adaptation of organism to winter survival.

Please note that the lectures are given in English only when foreign student(s) is/are present.
Literature -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D. (25.10.2019)

HALFPENNY J.C., OZANNE R.D. 1989. Winter: An Ecological Handbook. Johnson Books.
MARCHAND, P.J. 1996. Life in the Cold. An Introduction to Winter Ecology. 3rd Edn. University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D. (29.03.2022)

Practical field excursion implies active participation of students in data aquisition for individuals tasks and presentation of results. Examination is in a form of a test in Moodle, which combines closed and open questions related to individual lectures.

Syllabus -
Last update: doc. RNDr. Petr Sklenář, Ph.D. (13.10.2021)

1. Introduction to winter ecology, main abiotic and biotic factors, main strategies of survival. Petr Sklenář

2. Glacial and periglacial environment  Marek Křížek (Department of physical geography)

3. Snow ecology - snowpack distribution, metamorphosis, microcimate. Michal Jeníček (Department of physical geography)

4. Vegetation and snowpaxk - vegetation types with regard to snowpack duration, theory of anemo-orographic system  Tomáš Koubek

5. Ecology of cryophillous organisms. Linda Nedbalová (Department of ecology)

6. Snow as a habitat. Jakub Žárský (Department of ecology)

7. Winter ecology of mammals. Radek Lučan (Department of zoology)

8. Winter ecology of plants. Petr Sklenář

9. Winter ecology of ectotherms. Vladimír Košťál (Department of zoology, České Budějovice)

10. Winter ecology of  invertebrates. Vladimír Košťál (Department of zoology, České Budějovice)

11. Man and winter. Ladislav Sieger (ČVUT Praha)

12. Winter hydrobiology. Martin Černý (Department of ecology)


1. Winter ecophysiology of plants. Petr Sklenář

2. Spatial distribution of snowpack. Jaroslav Vojta

3. Winter microclimate. Petr Sklenář

4. Winter ecology of mammals. Martin Černý

5. Winter ecology of aquatic habitats Martin Černý

6. Ecology of cryophyllous organisns (snow algae) Linda Nedbalová

7. Snow as microbial habitat. Jakub Žárský

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