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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Population biology of plants - MB120P94E
Title: Population biology of plants
Czech title: Populační biologie rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Botany (31-120)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2022 to 2023
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:3/0, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Additional information: http://Course is on Google classroom - code - ybbihal
Note: enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Zuzana Münzbergová, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): Mgr. Jindřich Chrtek, CSc.
prof. RNDr. Zuzana Münzbergová, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Recomended literature:
• John Harper (1977) Population Biology of Plants.- HARPER COLLINS PUBLISHERS LTD.
• G. E. Hutchinson (1978) An Introduction to Population Ecology. - Yale University Press.
• J. Silvertown & D. Charlesworth (2001) Introduction to plant population biology. - Blackwell Science.
• M. W. Fenner (2005) Seed Ecology. – Springer.
• Schoonhoven, L.M., van Loon, J.J.A., & Dicke, M. (2005) Insect-plant biology. Second edition.



The lectures can be given in English. Why simple approach to population biology used in zoology does not work in plants. The topics of population biology (natality, mortality, population size) are connected with developmental, genetical and evolution approaches.

Syllabus
Introductory lecture: Population biology and population biology of plants.
Generative reproduction: Pollen dispersal, pollinators, development of seeds and fruits.
Plant reproduction. Diversity of reproductive systems.
Generative reproduction: dispersal, germination, and seedling survival.
Diversity of population biology in higher plants. Diversity of plant life histories especially in temperate zones.
Size structure and density of plant populations, their development and competition.
Clonal plants. Vegetative reproduction.
Plasticity in plants as adaptation for sessilness: terminology, levels of plasticity.
Morphology and morphogenesis in plants: relationship of morphogenetic constraints with changes in shape, number and distribution of plant parts.
Coexistence in plants. Local interaction in plants. What determines niche in plants.
Herbivory and other interactions of plants with other trophic levels.
Genetic structure of plant populations as a result of processes on generative and vegetative level.
Evolution in action. Current examples of evolution in plants, their direction, speed and implications for ecology and systematics.
Molecular methods in plant population biology.
Methods for sampling and analysis of plant population biology data.
Last update: Münzbergová Zuzana, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (23.05.2019)
Literature -

• John Harper (1977) Population Biology of Plants.- HARPER COLLINS PUBLISHERS LTD. 

• G. E. Hutchinson (1978) An Introduction to Population Ecology. - Yale University Press. 

• J. Silvertown & D. Charlesworth (2001) Introduction to plant population biology. - Blackwell Science. 

• M. W. Fenner (2005) Seed Ecology. – Springer. 

• Schoonhoven, L.M., van Loon, J.J.A., & Dicke, M. (2005) Insect-plant biology. Second edition. 

Last update: Münzbergová Zuzana, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (31.05.2019)
Requirements to the exam

To pass the exam, the student has to

- present one paper provided by the teacher at one of the lectures. 

- write an essay on a topic selected by the student. The topic needs to be related to the course. The essay should be based on studying 3-5 scientific papers related to the topic. The essay needs to be presented to the other students. 

- read essay of one classmate and ask 2 questions during his/her essay presentation. 

- write a final test. 

Last update: Münzbergová Zuzana, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (24.10.2019)
Syllabus -

Recomended literature:

•          John Harper (1977) Population Biology of Plants.- HARPER COLLINS PUBLISHERS LTD.

•          G. E. Hutchinson (1978) An Introduction to Population Ecology. - Yale University Press.

•          J. Silvertown & D. Charlesworth (2001) Introduction to plant population biology. - Blackwell Science.

•          M. W. Fenner (2005) Seed Ecology. – Springer.

•         Schoonhoven, L.M., van Loon, J.J.A., & Dicke, M. (2005) Insect-plant biology. Second edition.

 

Introductory lecture: Population biology and population biology of plants.
Generative reproduction: Pollen dispersal, pollinators, development of seeds and fruits.
Plant reproduction. Diversity of reproductive systems.
Generative reproduction: dispersal, germination, and seedling survival.
Diversity of population biology in higher plants. Diversity of plant life histories especially in temperate zones.
Size structure and density of plant populations, their development and competition.
Clonal plants. Vegetative reproduction.
Plasticity in plants as adaptation for sessilness: terminology, levels of plasticity.
Morphology and morphogenesis in plants: relationship of morphogenetic constraints with changes in shape, number and distribution of plant parts.
Coexistence in plants. Local interaction in plants. What determines niche in plants.
Herbivory and other interactions of plants with other trophic levels.
Genetic structure of plant populations as a result of processes on generative and vegetative level.
Evolution in action. Current examples of evolution in plants, their direction, speed and implications for ecology and systematics.
Molecular methods in plant population biology.
Methods for sampling and analysis of plant population biology data.

Last update: Münzbergová Zuzana, prof. RNDr., Ph.D. (23.05.2019)
 
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