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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Plant invasions - MB120P37
Title in English: Rostlinné invaze
Czech title: Rostlinné invaze
Guaranteed by: Department of Ecology (31-162)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2012
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: not taught
Language: Czech
Level: specialized
Additional information: http://botany.natur.cuni.cz/cz/studium/anotace/invaze.htm
Guarantor: prof. RNDr. Petr Pyšek, CSc.
Annotation -
Last update: SUDA (02.05.2002)
The course is aimed at outlining the principles of plant invasions and their spatial and temporal variation in global terms. It will focus on mechanisms underlying the process of plant invasions, possibilities of prediction and control. Various levels of organization will be considered, from population and species to impact on communities and ecosystems, including pattern of invasion as reflect in alien floras of various geographical areas.
Literature - Czech
Last update: SRBA (19.08.2002)

Doporučená literatura:

Cox, G.W. (1999). Alien species in North America and Hawaii. Impacts on natural ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Cronk, Q.C.B. & J.L. Fuller (1995). Plant Invaders. The threat to natural systems. Chapman & Hall, London.

Crosby, A.W. (1986). Ecological imperialism. The biological expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

di Castri, F., Hansen, A.J. & DeBussche, M. (eds) (1990). Biological invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Drake, J., Mooney, H.A., Di Castri, F., Groves, R., Kruger, F.J., Rejmanek, M. & Williamson, M. (1989). Biological Invasions: A global perspective. Wiley, Chichester.

Elton, C.S. (1958). The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Groves, R.H. & Burden, J.J. (eds) (1986). Ecology of biological invasions: An Australian perspective. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.

Groves, R.H. & Di Castri, F. (eds) (1991). Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Kolar C. S. & Lodge D. M. (2001): Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. - Trends Ecol. Evolut. 16: 199-204.

Lonsdale M. (1999): Global patterns of plant invasions and the concept of invasibility. Ecology 80: 1522-1536.

Macdonald, I.A.W., Kruger, F.J. & Ferrar, A.A. (eds)(1986). The ecology and management of biological invasions in southern Africa. Oxford University Press, Cape Town. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Mooney, H.A. & Drake, J.A. (eds) (1986). Ecology of biological invasions in North America and Hawaii. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Perrings, C., Williamson, M. & Dalmazzone, S. (2000). The economics of biological invasions. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K.

Pysek, P., Prach, K., Rejmanek, M. & Wade, M. (eds)(1995). Plant invasions. General aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.

Rejmánek M. (1996): A theory of seed plant invasiveness: the first sketch. Biol. Conserv. 78: 171-181.

Richardson D. M., Pyšek P., Rejmánek M., Barbour M. G., Panetta F. D. & West C. J. (2000): Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity & Distributions 6: 93-107.

Starfinger, U., Edwards, K., Kowarik, I. & Williamson, M. (eds) (1998). Plant invasions. Ecological mechanisms and human responses. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Williamson, M. (1996). Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London.

Requirements to the exam - Czech Sign Language
Last update: RNDr. Veronika Sacherová, Ph.D. (16.11.2011)

Ústní zkouška.

Syllabus -
Last update: SUDA (02.05.2002)

History of the field (from Darwin and Elton to SCOPE project and GISP), terminology (native vs. alien, invasion vs. natural range expansion)

Invasion process and its dynamics: naturalization, invasion, overcoming of barriers; quantitative rules (tens rule), dispersal vectors, rate of spread, time lags

Major invasive species of the World and Czech flora; their biology, ecology, mechanisms underlying paricular invasions (singular events or general principles)

Features of invasive plants: theories explaining invasive potential, comparison of alien floras, taxonomic pattern, life forms and strategies, relation to other trophic levels

Evolution of invasive species: population genetics, hybridization potential role of GMO

Invasibility of communities: determinants of resistence or invasibility, effect on diversity, competition

Geography of invasions: history of plant invasions, comparison of biomes and continents, global pattern: invasive hot spots; invasion to nature reserves; invasions of islands

Practical aspects, control: economics of biological invasions; mechanical, chemical and biological control; history of biological control, examples of successful and non successful attempts

Prediction possibilities and strategy of attitude to global invasions; public awareness, society involvement; legislation

Future research venues: comparison of congeners and taxonomically or functionally related groups, manipulative experiments, natural experiments, databases, relation to other fields of ecology

Literature:

Cox, G.W. (1999). Alien species in North America and Hawaii. Impacts on natural ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Cronk, Q.C.B. & J.L. Fuller (1995). Plant Invaders. The threat to natural systems. Chapman & Hall, London.

Crosby, A.W. (1986). Ecological imperialism. The biological expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

di Castri, F., Hansen, A.J. & DeBussche, M. (eds) (1990). Biological invasions in Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

Drake, J., Mooney, H.A., Di Castri, F., Groves, R., Kruger, F.J., Rejmanek, M. & Williamson, M. (1989). Biological Invasions: A global perspective. Wiley, Chichester.

Elton, C.S. (1958). The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Groves, R.H. & Burden, J.J. (eds) (1986). Ecology of biological invasions: An Australian perspective. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra.

Groves, R.H. & Di Castri, F. (eds) (1991). Biogeography of Mediterranean Invasions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Kolar C. S. & Lodge D. M. (2001): Progress in invasion biology: predicting invaders. - Trends Ecol. Evolut. 16: 199-204.

Lonsdale M. (1999): Global patterns of plant invasions and the concept of invasibility. Ecology 80: 1522-1536.

Macdonald, I.A.W., Kruger, F.J. & Ferrar, A.A. (eds)(1986). The ecology and management of biological invasions in southern Africa. Oxford University Press, Cape Town. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Mooney, H.A. & Drake, J.A. (eds) (1986). Ecology of biological invasions in North America and Hawaii. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Perrings, C., Williamson, M. & Dalmazzone, S. (2000). The economics of biological invasions. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, U.K.

Pysek, P., Prach, K., Rejmanek, M. & Wade, M. (eds)(1995). Plant invasions. General aspects and special problems. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.

Rejmánek M. (1996): A theory of seed plant invasiveness: the first sketch. Biol. Conserv. 78: 171-181.

Richardson D. M., Pyšek P., Rejmánek M., Barbour M. G., Panetta F. D. & West C. J. (2000): Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity & Distributions 6: 93-107.

Starfinger, U., Edwards, K., Kowarik, I. & Williamson, M. (eds) (1998). Plant invasions. Ecological mechanisms and human responses. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. [Dave Richardson has a copy]

Williamson, M. (1996). Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London.

 
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