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Course, academic year 2019/2020
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Evolutionary plant cytogenomics - MB120P131
Title in English: Evoluční cytogenomika rostlin
Czech title: Evoluční cytogenomika rostlin
Guaranteed by: Department of Botany (31-120)
Faculty: Faculty of Science
Actual: from 2011
Semester: winter
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 Ex [hours/week]
Capacity: unlimited
Min. number of students: unlimited
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Martin A. Lysák, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): doc. Mgr. Martin A. Lysák, Ph.D.
RNDr. Terezie Mandáková, Ph.D.
Annotation -
Last update: RNDr. Alena Kubátová, CSc. (12.04.2011)
Students will gain basic information on the karyotype structure and evolution in plants, on mechanisms of
chromosome rearrangements and their evolutionary role. An overview of classical and modern cytogenetic
methods used in (karyo)systematics is included. The lectures are followed by a practical course of molecular
cytogenetic techniques.
Literature - Czech
Last update: RNDr. Alena Kubátová, CSc. (26.04.2012)

Levin DA ( 2002) The role of chromosomal change in plant evolution.Oxford University Press. Oxford. New York, pp.230.

Brown TA (2007) Genomes 3. GS Garland Science. New York. London. pp. 713.

Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison P (2000) Practical in situ hybridization. BIOS Scientific Publishers Limited.Oxford. pp.203.

Další literatura (shrnující články v AJ) budou studentům zpřístupněny vždy na začátku kurzu.

Requirements to the exam - Czech
Last update: doc. Mgr. Martin A. Lysák, Ph.D. (11.01.2012)

písemný test v rámci navazujícího praktického cvičení

Syllabus -
Last update: RNDr. Alena Kubátová, CSc. (12.04.2011)

1. Karyosystematics: history and the present. Phylogenomics.

2. Chromatin (eu- and heterochromatin, repetitive DNA, epigenetic DNA modifications). Chromosome structure (centromere, telomere, ribosomal DNA). Chromosome types (B chromosomes, sex chromosomes, holokinetic chromosomes).

3. Genome and karyotype. Comparative cytogenomics (genome and chromosome colinearity). Mechanisms of chromosome rearrangements. Primary and secondary chromosome rearrangements (e.g., inversions, reciprocal translocations, duplication/deletion).

4. Ploidy mutations (aneuploidy and polyploidy). Whole-genome duplications (polyploidy) of different evolutionary age. Diploidization.

5. Karyotypic changes and variation in the phylogenetic context: evolutionary trends?

6. The role of chromosome rearrangements in the evolution.

7. Classical and modern cytogenetic methods for biosystematicists (and not only for them).

 
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