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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Post-Conflict Societies of the Western Balkans - JTM665
Title: Post-Conflict Societies of the Western Balkans
Czech title: (Po)válečná společenství západního Balkánu
Guaranteed by: Department of Russian and East European Studies (23-KRVS)
Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences
Actual: from 2023
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 6
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:1/1, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (15)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
Guarantor: PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): PhDr. Ondřej Žíla, Ph.D.
Incompatibility : JMM029
Annotation - Czech
This course examines the enduring impacts and reverberations of the Yugoslav wars across post-conflict societies in the Western Balkans. Through the span of thirteen seminars, the principal aim is to provide students with an overview of the significant impacts of the political, economic, and social aspects of the Yugoslav wars during the 1990s. The core focus centers primarily on those former Yugoslav republics whose populations have contended most directly with surmounting the lingering aftermath of warfare and violence, namely Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. Additionally, the seminars explore political and socio-economic developments unfolding in other post-Yugoslav republics, especially Serbia and Montenegro, alongside Albanian-speaking regions. This course investigates a host of phenomena related to warfare, violence, and suffering that have impacted post-conflict, post-socialist, and post-Yugoslav societies in the Western Balkan republics.
Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (15.01.2024)
Aim of the course - Czech

This course aims to give students an overview of the significant political, economic, and social impacts of the Yugoslav wars during the 1990s. The introductory lecture summarizes the three ‘posts’ – post-conflict, post-socialist, and post-Yugoslav – that characterize societies across the Western Balkans at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st centuries. This course is organized into four thematic units. The first unit focuses on collective memory, politics of memory, and symbols in the Western Balkans. Discussing collective and individual memories in the Western Balkans, it summarizes the hegemonic memory discourses as well as the role of individuals’ fragmented testimonies, reflections, and interpretations. The second unit analyzes the ways post-Yugoslav societies have grappled with the violent legacy of Yugoslav wars, incorporating top-down and bottom-up perspectives.  The top-down approach scrutinizes transitional justice mechanisms and their implications for post-war reconciliation. The bottom-up approach explores individual experiences of vicitimization and personal quests for reconciliation, alongside the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder. The third thematic unit examine several phenomena that have emerged in post-Yugoslav societies in the aftermath of post-socialist neo-liberalization. These include the phenomenon of ‘Yugonostalgia’ and its significance, as well as social unrests that has arisen as a result of post-socialist neo-liberalization. Additionally, we will explore the presence and rise of right-wing extremism, specifically among Serb and Croat ultranationalists, as well as the emergence of Islamic radicalism, with a focus on Wahhabism, Salafism. In the final unit of this course, we will provide a comprehensive overview of the diverse outcomes of the post-war, post-socialist, and post-Yugoslav transitions. Through an in-depth examination of selected studies, we will focus on the societies of Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo at the start of the 21st century. This unit will bring together the various themes and concepts explored in the previous units, offering a synthesized understanding of the complex impacts of these transitions.

Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (15.01.2024)
Course completion requirements - Czech

Grading is based on the Dean's Measure no. 20/2019:

  • 91% and more   => A
  • 81-90%             => B
  • 71-80%             => C
  • 61-70%             => D
  • 51-60%             => E
  • 0-50%               => F

More in SMĚRNICE S_SO_002: Organizace zkouškových termínů, kontrol studia a užívání klasifikace A–F na FSV UK.

Last update: Lochmanová Sára, Bc. (31.01.2024)
Literature - Czech

Required reading:

See the reader of selected required reading for each seminar.

Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (15.01.2024)
Teaching methods - Czech

Standard face-to-face teaching. 


Regular reading of the required texts for every single class is obligatory for all participants without exception.


Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (15.01.2024)
Requirements to the exam - Czech


This course requires the attendance of at least 70% (i.e. 9 seminars). Regular reading of the required texts for every single class is obligatory for all participants without exception. In addition to participating in class, students will submit a paper discussing three studies related to one of the topics examined during our seminar. They should summarize, discuss, and synthesize each article’s main points, arguments, and ideas. The paper should not exceed 2,000 words. Students should submit the paper to my e-mail address,, no later than May 17th, 2024. Finally, a final written exam (essay) will be administered via Moodle at the end of the course. Students are required to write an essay responding to an open-ended question related to the seminar topics within 60 minutes.



In terms of assessment, this is how you will be assessed in this course:


20% - Class Participation (class reading) - the ability to answer the questions and formulate their own view based on assigned readings. 


30% - Final paper based on readings in classes.


50% - Final exam.


A) 100 - 91%

(B) 90 - 81%

(C) 80- 71%

(D) 70-61

(E) 60-51

(F) less than 50%

 Based on Dean's Measure 20/2019:

Note on plagiarism

Students should follow the rules of academic conduct. Any instance of plagiarism will be immediately delivered to the Disciplinary commission for further decision. Please consult with the lecturer about any uncertainties before you submit your paper.

Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (22.01.2024)
Syllabus - Czech

Version updated


1)      ‘Post-Conflict, Post-Socialist, and Post-Yugoslav’: the introductory characteristics of the Western Balkans in the 21. Century (21.2.2024)


Collective Memory in the Western Balkans

2)      Politics of Memory: cycles of Yugoslav memory (28.2.2024)

3)      Politics of Symbols: Fragmented memory: testimonies, reflections, and interpretations (6.3.2024)


Coping with the Violent Legacy of Yugoslav Wars in post-Yugoslav societies

4)      Transitional justice – Coping with the past, war crimes, and their denial (20.3.2024)

5)      Reconciliation After Violent Conflict: Situation from the ground (3.4.2024)


Legacy of post-socialist transformation in post-Yugoslav societies

6)      ‘Yugonostalgy’ in post-conflict, post-socialist, and post-Yugoslav society (10.4.2024)

7)      Social Unrest in the Western Balkan countries – the aftermath of post-socialist neoliberalisation  (17.4.2024)


Case studies

8)      Post-Tudjman Croatia (24.4.2024)

9)      Post-Milošević Serbia (1.5.2024 – online or a recorded teaching)

10)  ‘Dayton’ Bosnia and Herzegovina (8.5.2024 – online or a recorded teaching)

11)  The International Community and its Role in Kosovo (15.5.2024)


Last update: Žíla Ondřej, PhDr., Ph.D. (13.02.2024)
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