Last update: Jana Vojanová (04.02.2019)
We will be interested, in particular, in how actors speak and debate about Europe: how they ‘make’ Europe in ‘talking’ (about) it and what they signify in acting out particular ‘European’ practices and routines. What claims get make about Europe? What principles get invoked to justify positions on Europe? How is definitional power attributed to certain participants and denied to others? What formal and informal procedures govern political discourse in the various arenas in which European integration is performed and what are their politicising or depoliticising implications? How are statistical measures of public opinion made to ‘speak’ in ways that integrate a European space-economy? What effect do actors’ positions in the ‘linguistic market’ of a multilingual entity have on their inclusion or exclusion from governance processes often heralded as ‘open’ or ‘participatory’?
The structure of the course is as follows. After considering what it means to study Europe sociologically, we will assemble an investigative repertoire from a range of sociological currents (some familiar, other perhaps less so), and then use them to reproblematise recurring normative and empirical debates about European integration, institutional design and the ‘character of the polity’ that the European Union is or should be. The final section of the course consists of three case studies where we can explore the enactment of top-down and bottom-up visions of Europe in specific practices and procedures.
Last update: Jana Vojanová (04.02.2019)
Familiarise yourselves with the sociological literature on European integration.
Acquire an aptitude in applying several different sociological approaches to the investigation of European integration.
Learn to study the communicative/discursive dimensions of social practice as constitutive features of organisation, institutionalisation and Europeanisation.
Explore specific sociological case studies relating to the functioning of European institutions, their democratic legitimacy, and civil society involvement in politics.
Last update: Simon Smith, M.A., Ph.D. (18.03.2020)
(numbers in brackets indicate relevance to course programme)
(1, 3b) Adler-Nissen, R. (2016) Towards a Practice Turn in EU Studies: The Everyday of European Integration, Journal of Common Market Studies 54(1): 87-103.
(9) Aldrin, P. (2011) The Eurobarometer and the making of European opinion. In: Gaxie, D., Hube, N. & Rowell, J. (eds.) Perceptions of Europe. A comparative sociology of european attitudes. Colchester: ECPR Press: 17–34.
(3d, 10, 11) Badouard, R. & Monnoyer-Smith, L. (2013) Hyperlinks as Political Resources: The European Commission Confronted with Online Activism, Policy & Internet 5(1): 101-117.
(6) Baisnée, O. (2014) Reporting the European Union: A study in journalistic boredom. In Kuhn, R. & Nielsen, R. (eds.) Political Journalism in Transition. London: I.B. Tauris: 131-150.
(2) Ban, C. (2013) Management and Culture in an Enlarged European Commission: From Diversity to Unity? Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
(3e, 11) Blokker, P. (2012) A Political Sociology of European Anti-Politics and Dissent, Cambio. Rivista sulla Trasformazioni Sociali 2(4): 17-31.
(5) Börzel, Tanja A. (2018) Governance Approaches to European Integration. KFG Working Paper Series, No. 84, May 2018, Kolleg-Forschergruppe (KFG) “The Transformative Power of Europe”, Freie Universität Berlin: https://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/bitstream/handle/document/57628/ssoar-2018-Governance_Approaches_to_European_Integration.pdf?sequence=1
(6, 11) Cammaerts, B. & Van Audenhove, L. (2005) Online political debate, unbounded citizenship and the problematic nature of a transnational public sphere, Political Communication 22(2): 179-196.
(3c, 11) Della Porta, D. & Caiani, M. (2007) Europeanization from below. Social movements and Europe, Mobilization: An International Quarterly 12(1): 1-20.
(3d, 11) Doerr, N. (2012) Translating democracy: how activists in the European Social Forum practice multilingual deliberation, European Political Science Review 4(3): 361-384.
(6) Eriksen, E. (2008) Conceptualising European public spheres: general, segmented and strong publics. In: Fossum, J. & Schlesinger, P. (eds.) The European Union and the public sphere: a communicative space in the making? London: Routledge: 23-43.
(6) Eriksen, E. & Fossum, J. (2002) Democracy through strong publics in the European Union, Journal of Common Market Studies 40(3): 401-424.
(5) European Commission (2001) European Governance - A White Paper: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_DOC-01-10_en.pdf
(6) Eurospheres working paper series (see especially numbers 3 and 9): https://ideas.repec.org/s/erp/ewpxxx.html
(2) Favell, A. (2008) Eurostars and Eurocities: Free Movement and Mobility in an Integrating Europe. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
(1) Favell, A. & Guiraudon, V. (2009) The Sociology of the European Union: An Agenda, European Union Politics 10(4): 550-577.
(1, 2) Fligstein, N. (2008) Euroclash. The EU, European Identity, and the Future of Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
(2, 3a) Georgakakis, D., & Weisbein, J. (2010) From above and from below: A political sociology of European actors, Comparative European Politics 8(1): 93-109.
(1) Guiraudon, V. (2006) Europe through Europeans' Eyes: Political Sociology and EU Studies, EUSA Newsletter 19(1): 1–7.
(6, 11) Haug, C. (2008) Public spheres within movements: challenging the (re)search for a European public sphere. RECON working paper 2008/02: http://www.reconproject.eu/main.php/RECON_wp_0802.pdf?fileitem=50511946
(5) Jessop, B. (2016) Territory, Politics, Governance and Multispatial Metagovernance, Territory, Politics, Governance 4(1): 8-32.
(3d, 7, 10) Karolewski, I.P. & Kaina, V. (eds.) (2012) Civic Resources and the Future of the European Union. Abingdon: Routledge. Chapters by Smith (125-145) and Fossum & Eldholm (146-195).
(6) Keane, J. (2000) 'Structural Transformations of the Public Sphere' in Hacker, K. & van Dijk, J. (eds.) Digital Democracy: issues of theory and practice, London: Sage: 70-89.
(9) Penissat, E. & Rowell, J. (2015) The Creation of a European Socio-economic Classification: Limits of Expert-driven Statistical Integration, Journal of European Integration (37:2): 281-297.
(5) Peters, B. (2006) Forms of Informality: Identifying Informal Governance in the European Union, Perspectives on European Politics and Society 7(1): 25-40.
(1, 2) Recchi, E. et al. (2019) Everyday Europe. Social transnationalism in an unsettled continent. Bristol: Policy Press.
(8) Saurugger, S. (2010) The Social Construction of the Participatory Turn: The Emergence of a Norm in the European Union, European Journal of Political Research 49(4): 471–95.
(5, 8) Smith, S. & Dalakioudidou, E. (2009) Contextualising public (e)Participation in the governance of the European Union, European Journal of ePractice 7.
(9) Sternberg, C. (2016) Public opinion in the EU institutions' discourses on EU legitimacy from the beginnings of integration to today, Politique Européenne 54: 25-56.
(1, 2) Wilken, L. (2012) ‘Anthropological Studies of European Identity Construction’. In: Kockel, U., Nic Craith, M. and Frykman, J. (eds) A Companion to the Anthropology of Europe. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
Last update: Simon Smith, M.A., Ph.D. (07.05.2020)
●End of semester exam (80%)
○written assignment / essay to be done at home. Deadline 25 September 2020
○length: about 3 000 words; to include at least 5 references from the course reading list and at least 2 other references not on the reading list
●Seminar-style presentations or written assignment (20%)
○in class, following sessions 6, 8, 10, 11. Groups of 3
○written assignment as alternative if unable to participate in a seminar group
91 - 100 points: A - excellent (outstanding performance with only minor mistakes)
81 - 90 points: B - very good (above average performance with some mistakes)
71 - 80 points: C - good (overall good performance with a number of notable mistakes)
61 - 70 points: D - satisfactory (acceptable performance with significant mistakes)
51 - 60 points: E - sufficient (performance fulfils only minimum criteria)
less than 51 points: F - insufficient/failed (more effort needs to be made)
Last update: Simon Smith, M.A., Ph.D. (27.01.2020)
Monday 2 March 2020
1. Introduction: how do we study Europe sociologically?
2. Europe as institutional field versus Europe as social space and process
Wednesday 4 March 2020
3. Multiple sociologies of European integration: a. field theory, b. sociology of knowledge, c. social movement theory, d. communication and discourse studies, e. sociology of critique
4. Grammars of justification: apologetic and critical discourses on Europe
Monday 30 March 2020
5. Hierarchy, market or network: what kind of governance regime(s) is the European Union?
6. The integration of a European public sphere
Wednesday 1 April 2020
7. Mobilising Europe’s civic resources for problem-solving, re-legitimisation and autonomy
8. Public participation in European integration
Monday 27 April 2020
9. Case study 1: enrolling statistics, measures and surveys in European integration
10. Case study 2: the institutionalised game of European consultations
Wednesday 29 April 2020
11. Case study 3: grassroots collective action and radical European utopias