Energy Geopolitics and Security and Israeli-Arab Relations - JPM838
Title: Energy Geopolitics and Security and Israeli-Arab Relations
Guaranteed by: Department of Security Studies (23-KBS)
Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences
Actual: from 2023 to 2023
Semester: summer
E-Credits: 4
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:1/1, Ex [HT]
Capacity: unlimited / unknown (25)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
priority enrollment if the course is part of the study plan
Guarantor: Dr. Irena Kalhousová
Teacher(s): Dr. Irena Kalhousová
Class: Courses for incoming students
Examination dates   SS schedule   Noticeboard   
A one-week intensive course from April 15 till April 18, 2024.

Lecturer: Prof. Lior Herman (Hebrew University)

Meeting (via Zoom): March 6, 2024: 17:00 - 19:50 CET. Lecture will be online via Zoom in the following link:
Meeting 2 April 15, 2024: 12:30 - 13:50 B329
Meeting 3 April 15, 2024: 14:00 - 15:20 B329
Meeting 4 April 16, 2024: 12:30 - 13:50 C520
Meeting 5 April 16, 2024: 14:00 - 15:20 C520
Meeting 6 April 17, 2024: 17:00 - 18:20 C122

Course Readings: On Moodle arranged by Lecture
Moodle link:

Course Description:
Energy, in its broadest sense, holds immense significance in our daily lives and serves as a pivotal element in international relations, impacting the development levels of nations and human societies. This course delves into the crucial role of energy and electricity resources in geopolitics, national and regional security, with a specific focus on the State of Israel and its interactions with Arab countries. Throughout the duration of the course, we will explore the intricate relationship between energy, politics, and security, conducting a comprehensive analysis of how energy dynamics shape the geopolitics of the Middle East. The curriculum will be dedicated to examining key issues, including the utilization of energy tools in foreign policy within the context of Israeli-Palestinian relations in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the interplay between energy and regional cooperation, particularly in the Eastern Mediterranean, and the influence of energy infrastructure on the geopolitics of divided cities, exemplified by the case of Jerusalem. The course will also analyze topics, such as the role of energy in addressing issues of energy justice for indigenous communities, exemplified by the Bedouin community in Israel, and will explore the evolving geopolitics of renewable energy, analyzing their manifestations in conflicts and collaborations, including their relevance in the ongoing conflict in Gaza.
This course will be of particular interest to students wishing to expand their knowledge about Israel's politics and international relations, and the Arab-Israeli conflict as it offers insights into lesser-explored facets of this conflict. The course will also appeal to students wishing to expand their academic and professional toolbox in energy, environment, security, and policy.
Last update: Kalhousová Irena, Dr. (19.02.2024)
Aim of the course

By the end of this course, students would be able to:

·         Analyse current events and trends in energy politics and security in Israel and the Middle East.

·         Analyse and gain broad comprehension of energy diplomacy and energy security.

·         Produce an energy-related policy paper that is relevant to government officials, using primary sources and relying on independent, objective, and evidence-based arguments.  

Last update: Kalhousová Irena, Dr. (03.02.2024)
Course completion requirements

Students will be evaluated in three key areas:

(a) Attendance and participation (15%)

b) Reading quiz ahead of the course (15%) – to be taken on March 14, 2024.

(c) Submission of one essay (70%) – To be submitted on June 10, 2024.


(A) Attendance and participation in the course will count towards 15% of your final grade. Attendance to all the sessions will account for 5%. Each lecture will last around 80 minutes, with time for discussions and questions at the end. Though students are encouraged to speak in the post-lecture discussions, this is not mandatory; participation will be graded on a pass or fail basis (10%).

(B) Students will have to answer a reading quiz before the beginning of the course on Moodle. The questions will relate to the required readings and will help you familiarize yourselves with the literature and key concepts ahead of the course (15%). The quiz is composed of 10 multiple-choice questions and will take place on Moodle on March 14 from 10am to 10pm CET. Once the quiz is available, you will have to complete it by the end of the day. Once you begin, you will have one hour to complete the Quiz.

(C) Final essay: each student will submit a 2000-word essay, which will count for 70% of their final grade. Students may choose one question among a list of four questions that correspond to one of the following topics that we will discuss during the course:

1.       Can Israel use energy as a foreign policy tool to enhance its foreign relations with its neighbouring countries?

2.       What are the prospects for Gaza Marine developments and what are the obstacles? how should Israel approach such a possibility?

3.       Can the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum serve as a platform for greater political cooperation among its members? How?

4.       How can and should Gaza’s energy sector be developed in the aftermath of the war, from an Israeli policymakers’ perspective?

The work will be assessed by the clarity of the main argument (it doesn’t have to be an original argument), use of concepts/themes from class (including from the syllabus), and the use of primary sources and data in the bibliography (not just media reports). Footnotes are included in the word count, bibliographies and title pages are not. The essay deadline is June 10, 2024.

Last update: Kalhousová Irena, Dr. (03.02.2024)

Please check the syllabus

Last update: Kalhousová Irena, Dr. (03.02.2024)
Teaching methods

Lectures and seminars

Last update: Kalhousová Irena, Dr. (03.02.2024)