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Meeting ID: 979 2654 0144
Last update: Jolan Nisbet (25.10.2022)
PLEASE NOTE: THE COMPLETE COURSE WILL BE TAUGHT ONLINE
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Last update: Jolan Nisbet (30.08.2022)
JPM774 (Gender and Security)
Dr. Jolan Nisbet
Seminar Thursdays (18:30 to 19:50) with office hours directly after (19:50 to 20:50) via Zoom.
JPM 774 considers the gendered constructs within security studies. The course will explore the feminist approach. The stance taken by feminist scholars is not always uniform, consequently, the course will begin by building an understanding of the key theories, concepts, and methodological approaches. Students will then critically consider the contributions of various feminist scholars to contemporary security debates.
Please note that JPM774 is taught as a seminar and active participation is essential.
-to understand various feminist stances within contemporary security debates
-to examine feminist criticisms of security
-foster a critical understanding of key feminist concepts and methodologies
-understand the key feminist critiques of the gendered nature of traditional security concepts
-be able to assess the strengths and weaknesses of these contributions
-apply the feminist lenses to contemporary security debates
-increased independence as a researcher (notes, reviews, synthesis of a range of materials)
-increased clarity in verbal reasoning and written work
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: Theory
Part 3: Approaches
Part 4: Issues
Personal Narrative (5%)
As soon as possible (but no later than October 13th) please upload to Moodle a short personal narrative (i.e. approximately 5 to 10 lines) outlining your interest in the seminar, what you hope to gain, and any other details you would like to share with the group. As the seminar is fully online this is a great way to connect with others who share similar research interests.
Seminar participation (10 seminars x 4% =40%)
As stated above, this is a seminar and engagement is essential! This means reading the material before the seminar as well as active participation through comments and questions during the seminar. It does not mean talking over others or attempting to dominate the discussion.
After the first seminar I will post a sign-up sheet. Each student has the ability to select a slot (i.e. specific theme/question from a reading) based on the student’s schedule and interests from the “further readings” section.
Presentations should be between 8 to 10 minutes in duration. Please don’t go over your allotted time or stray from the focus. I recommend using slides as a guide, but please do not directly read from the slides. If appropriate, consider using maps, stats, quotes, images etc. Practice and get feedback beforehand. Try to engage your audience—your presentation will feed into a wider class discussion which you will moderate. Some seminars may need to be modified, but let’s aim for approximately 10 to 15 minutes of discussion.
Final Essay (35%)
Students are provided with the opportunity to select any topic of interest and write a 3000 word essay. You will write your own essay question, in consultation with myself.
The aim of the essay is to provide you with a short opportunity to further develop your research and writing skills around a specific argument. You must bring together a theoretical discussion with an empirical case(s).
I will make a Turn-it in link available from December 11th, 2022 to January 11th, 2023. Feel free to submit your essay at any point during this time. Please note that late work will not be accepted. Pre-arranged extensions may be possible if circumstances arise. I recommend that students start work as soon as possible and build in small increments. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. If in doubt, please ask.
Some academic journals that you may find useful:
International Feminist journal of Politics (IFjP), Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society; Women’s Studies International Forum; International Studies Quarterly, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, European Journal of International Relations and Review of International Studies.
A few general points about the seminar:
-Gender and Security is a seminar, so please have your camera on and be ready to discuss the materials.
When preparing for our seminar please consider these points for each reading:
-What is the point the author is trying to make?
-Might any evidence/approach make the author's case stronger?
-Is there anything to be sceptical/ hesitant about?
-Do all the conclusions link/fulfil the purpose?
-How does it contribute to the field?
Please carefully consider the language employed during discussions.
Seminar 1: Introduction to Gender & Security
Scott Romaniuk and Joshua Wasylciw, “Gender Includes Men too! Recognizing Masculinity in Security Studies and International Relations” Perspectives 18:1 (2010) 23-40.
Gillian Youngs, “From Practice to Theory: Feminist International Relations and Gender Mainstreaming” International Politics 45 (2008) 688-702.
Why do Romaniuk and Wasylciw mention realism may not be able to respond to current security challenges?
Return to page 28 “policy alternatives may never be voiced for fear that they will be seen as weak, as feminine.” Reflect on this.
Define gender mainstreaming (p. 693 can help)
Discuss gender mainstreaming. Are there any advantages/disadvantages?
Calvini-Lefebvre, Marc, et al (2010) ‘Rethinking the History of Feminism,’ in a special issue of Women: A Cultural Review, 21(3): 247-250 – and other articles in the special issue
Finlayson, Lorna (2016) An Introduction to Feminism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
hooks, bell (2000) ‘Feminism: A Movement to End Sexist Oppression’ in Feminism is for Everybody, Boston: South End Press and also excerpt 6 in McCann and Kim (2010) Feminist Theory Reader, 2nd edition, London: Routledge.
Feminism around the World
Abusharaf, Rogaia Mustafa (2004) ‘Narrating Feminism: The Woman Question in the Thinking of an African Radical’, Differences 15 (2): 152-171.
Dean, Jonathan and Aune, Kristin (2015) ‘Feminism Resurgent? Mapping Contemporary Feminist Activism in Europe’, Social Movement Studies, 14 (4): 375-395.
Sadiqi, Fatima (2016) Women’s Movements in Post ‘Arab Spring’ North Africa, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Schild, V. (2015) ‘Feminism and Neoliberalism in Latin America’, New Left Review, 96, 59-74.
Zheng, Jiaran (2016) New Feminism in China: Young Middle Class Women in Shanghai, Singapore: Springer.
Conceptualising Feminism on a Global Scale
Basu, Amrita (2010) Women’s Movements in the Global Era: The Power of Local Feminisms, 2nd edition, Boulder: Westview Press.
Beaulieu, Elsa (2010) ‘Theorizing Feminist and Social Movement Practice in Space’, in Pascale Dufour et al (eds) Solidarities Beyond Borders: Transnationalizing Women's Movements, Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press, pp.56-86.
Dufour, Pascale (2010) ‘Transnationalizing Feminist and Women’s Movements: A Scalar Approach’ in Pascale Dufour et al (eds) Solidarities Beyond Borders: Transnationalizing Women's Movements, Vancouver and Toronto: UBC Press, pp.35-55.
Grewal, Inderpal and Caren Kaplan (1994) ‘Introduction: Transnational Feminist Practices and Questions
Mohanty, Chandra Talpade (2005) ‘Cartographies of Struggle: Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism’, in Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Feminism without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practising Solidarity, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, earlier version in Chandra Talpade Mohanty et al. (1991) Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism, Bloomington: Indiana University Press
Parashar,Swati (2016) ‘Is Transnational Feminist Solidarity Possible?’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp.118-126.
Seminar 2: Gender & IR
Halliday, Fred (1988) ‘Hidden from International Relations: Women and the International Arena’ Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17 (3): 419-428.
Tickner, J. Ann (1988) ‘Hans Morgenthau's Principles of Political Realism: A Feminist Reformulation’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17 (3): 429-440.
Who were the pioneers of feminism within IR and what motivated or enabled their analyses?
What are the key claims in this early literature about how and why have women have been historically marginalised in the IR discipline?
Carroll, Berenice (1972) ‘Peace Research: The Cult of Power’, The Journal of Conflict Resolution,16 (4), 585-616.
Ruddick, Sara (1983). "Pacifying the Forces: Drafting Women in the Interests of Peace." Signs 8 (3): 471-489.
Sen, Gita and Caren Grown (1987) Development crises and Alternative Visions: Third World Women’s Perspectives, New York: Monthly Review Press.
‘Early’ Feminist IR (mid-80s to mid-90s)
Brown, Sara (1988) ‘Feminism, International Theory and International Relations of Gender Inequality’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17 (3): 461-475.
Enloe, Cynthia (1993) The Morning After: Sexual Politics at the End of the Cold War, Berkeley: California University Press.
Enloe, Cynthia (1988) Does Khaki Become You? The Militarization of Women’s Lives, Revised edition, London: Pandora
Tickner, J. Ann (1992) Gender in International Relations, New York: Columbia University Press.
Zalewski, Marysia (1995) ‘Well, What is the Feminist Perspective on Bosnia?’ International Affairs, 71(2): 339-356.
Debating Feminist IR
Keohane, Robert O. (1989), ‘International Relations Theory: Contributions of a Feminist Standpoint,’Millennium18 (2): 245-254
And see response in:
Weber, Cynthia (1994) ‘Good Girls, Little Girls And Bad Girls: Male Paranoia In Robert Keohane’s Critique Of Feminist International Relations,’ Millennium 23 (2): 337-349.
Fukuyama, Francis (1998) ‘Women and the Evolution of World Politics,’ Foreign Affairs, 77(5): 24-40
And see response in:
J. Ann Tickner (1999) ‘Why Women Can’t Run the World: International Politics According to Francis Fukuyama’, International Studies Perspectives 1, 3 (1999), pp.3-11.
Seminar 3: Feminist Security Theory
Eric Blanchard, “Gender, International Relations, and the Development of Feminist Security Theory,” Signs 28:4 (2003):1289-1307.
Ann Tickner, “Feminist Security Studies: Celebrating an Emerging Field,” Politics and Gender 7:4 (2011):576-580.
What are the limits of neo-realism? Compare and contrast to FST.
How can violence be reconceptualised?
What are the four moves Blanchard highlights?
Sjoberg, Laura, and Jennifer K. Lobasz, eds. Special Issue: The State of Feminist Security Studies: A Conversation. Politics & Gender 7.4 (December 2011): 573–604.
Delehanty, Will, and Brent Steele. Engaging the narrative in ontological (in)security theory: insights from feminist IR, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, 22:3 (2009): 523-540.
Cohn, C. Feminist Security Studies: Toward a Reflexive Practice. Politics & Gender, 7(4) (2009): 581-586.
Falcón, Sylvanna. M. (2012) ‘Transnational Feminism and Contextualized Intersectionality at the 2001 World Conference Against Racism’, Journal of Women's History, 24 (4): 99-120.
Jordan-Zachary, Julia “S. (2007) ‘Am I a Black Woman or a Woman who is Black? A few Thoughts on the Meaning of Intersectionality,’ Politics & Gender, 3(2): 254-271.
How are IR and world politics raced as well as gendered?
Why have some Western feminist theories and practices been seen as racist or Eurocentric?
Hill Collins, Patricia and Sirma Bilge (2016) Intersectionality, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Simien, Evelyn (2007) ‘Doing Intersectionality Research: From Conceptual Issues to Practical Examples,’ Politics & Gender, 3(2): 36-43.
Postcolonial Feminist Interventions
Abu-Lughod, Lila (2002) ‘Do Muslim Women really need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and its Others,’ American Anthropologist, 104(3), pp. 783-790.
Ali, Suki (2007)’Feminism and Postcolonial: Knowledge/Politics:Introduction: Feminist and postcolonial: Challenging knowledge’, Ethnic and Racial Studies 30 (2): 191–212 – and other articles in the special issue
Lugones María (2007) ‘Heterosexualism and the Colonial/Modern Gender System’, Hypatia 22(1): 186–219.
Intersectional/Postcolonial Reconstructions Of Feminist IR
Ackerly, Brooke A and Jacqui True (2008) ‘An Intersectional Analysis of International Relations: Recasting the Discipline’, Politics & Gender, 4 (1): 156-173.
Richter-Montpetit, Melanie (2007) ‘Empire, Desire and Violence: A Queer Transnational Feminist Reading of the Prison “Abuse” in Abu Ghraib and the Question of “Gender Equality.”International Feminist Journal of Politics9 (1):38–59.
Seminar 5: Epistemology, Ontology, Methodology
Ackerly, BA, Stern, M, & True, J (eds) 2006, Feminist Methodologies for International Relations, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kinsella, H., & Shepherd, L. (2020). The ‘brutal fecundity of violence’: Feminist methodologies of International Relations. Review of International Studies, 46(3):299-303.
Reiling, C., 2020. The Planning and Practice of Feminist Fieldwork Methodologies in Conflict and Post-Conflict Contexts. London: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Why are feminists critical of positivist criteria for social scientific research like objectivity?
What dilemmas and challenges might feminist IR scholars face while doing research?
Blee, Kathleen and Verta Taylor (2002) ‘Semi-structured Interviewing in Social Movement Research’ in Bert Klandermans and Suzanne Staggenborg (eds) Methods of Social Movement Research, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, pp. 92-117.
Hesse-Biber, Sharlene (2007) Feminist Research Practice: A Primer, London: Sage.
Stanley, Liz and Sue Wise (1993) Breaking Out Again: Feminist Ontology and Epistemology, 2nd ed. London: Routledge, Chapters 1, 6 & 8.
Feminist Methodologies for IR
Ackerly, Brooke and Jacqui True (2010) Doing Feminist Research in Political and Social Science, Basingstoke: Palgrave.
Ackerly, Brooke A., and Jacqui True (2008) ;Reflexivity in Practice: Power and Ethics in Feminist Research on International Relations’, International Studies Review 10 (4): 693-707.
Al-Ali, Nadje and Nicola Pratt (2016) ‘Positionalities, Intersectionalities and Transnational Feminism in researching Women in Wartime Iraq’ in Annick TR Wibben (ed.) Researching War: Feminist Methods, Ethics and Politics, London and New York: Routledge, pp.76-91.
Baaz, Maria Eriksson and Maria Stern (2016) ‘Researching War Time Rape in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Methodology of Unease’ in Annick TR Wibben (ed.) Researching War: Feminist Methods, Ethics and Politics, London and New York: Routledge
Basini, Helen (2016) ‘Doing No Harm": Methodological and Ethical Challenges of Working with Women Associated with Fighting Forces/ Ex-Combatants in Liberia’ in Annick TR Wibben (ed.) Researching War: Feminist Methods, Ethics and Politics, London and New York: Routledge, pp.163-184.
Seminar 6: Gender and National Security
Itzkovitch-Malka, R. and Chen Friedberg, “Gendering security: the substantive representation of women in the Israeli Parliament,” European Journal of Women’s Studies 25:4 (2018): 419-439.
Schramm, M. and Alexandra Stark, “Peacemakers or Iron Ladies? A Cross-National Study of Gender and International Conflict,” Security Studies 29:3 (2020): 515- 548.
What types of obstacles might national level feminist politicians face?
Might a quantitative approach benefit the advancement of feminist policies?
For those who speak additional languages this is an opportunity to dig into some national security literature not in English! Or English if you prefer !
Seminar 7: War, (In)Security and Peace
Duncanson, Claire and Catherine Eschle (2008) ‘‘Gender and the Nuclear Weapons State: A Feminist Critique of the British Government’s White Paper on Trident’, New Political Science 30 (4) 545-563.
Fukada-Parr, S. (2004) ‘Gender, Globalization and New Threats to Human Security’. Peace Review 16 (1): 35–42.
In what ways and to what extent are war and security gendered?
Feminist Analyses of War and Militarism
Enloe, Cynthia (2000) Maneuvres: The International Politics of Militarising Women’s Lives, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press
Enloe, Cynthia (2007) Globalization and Militarism: Feminists Make the Links, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield.
Enloe, Cynthia (2004) The Curious Feminist: Searching for Feminists in a New Age of Empire, Berkely: University of California Press, Part 2, ‘Wars are Never “Over There”’
Eriksson Baaz, Maria and Maria Stern (2013) Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War, London: Zed Books
Eriksson Baaz, Maria and Maria Stern (2009) ‘Why do Soldiers Rape? Masculinity, Violence and Sexuality in the Armed Forces in the Congo’, International Studies Quarterly 53 (4): 495-518
Goldstein, Joshua. (2001) War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sjoberg, Laura (2014) Gender, War and Conflict, Oxford: Polity.
Sjoberg, Laura (2011) ‘Gender, the State and War, Redux: Feminist International Relations across the “Levels of Analysis”,’ International Relations, 25(1): 108-134.
Feminist Rewritings of Security
Detraz, Nicole (2012) International Security and Gender, Cambridge: Polity Press
MacKenzie, Megan (2009) ‘Securitization and Desecuritization: Female Soldiers and the Reconstruction of Women in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone’, Security Studies, 18 (2): 241-261.
Seminar 8: Borders and Bodies
Horn, Denise M. (2015) ‘Citizenship, Nationality and Gender’ in Laura J. Shepherd (ed) Gender Matters in Global Politics: A Feminist Introduction to International Relations, 2nd edition, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 320-330.
Pettman, Jindy with Lucy Hall (2015) ‘Migration’ in Laura J. Shepherd (ed) Gender Matters in Global Politics: A Feminist Introduction to International Relations, 2nd edition, London and New York: Routledge, pp. 285-298.
Consider the feminist lens on citizenship and national identity tell us about who ‘belongs’ in states and how?
To what extent is the ongoing refugee crisis/displacement in Europe gendered as well as raced? And how have feminist activists responded to the crisis?
Feminist Approaches to Citizenship, National Identity and Belonging
Anand, Dibyesh (2008) ‘Porno-nationalism and the male subject: an ethnography of Hindu nationalist imagination in India’, in Jane Parpart and Marysia Zalewski (eds) Rethinking the Man Question: Sex, Gender and Violence in International Relations London Zed, pp. 163-180.
Hearn, Jeff and Alp Biricik (2016) ‘Gender and Citizenship’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp.85-93.
Kaufman, Joyce P and Kristen P. Williams (2004) ‘Who Belongs? Women, Marriage and Citizenship’, International Feminist journal of Politics, 6 (3): 416-435.
Stella, Francesca et al. (2016) Sexuality, Citizenship and Belonging: Trans-National and Intersectional Perspectives London: Routledge.
Migration, Transnational Labour and Global Care Chains
Elias, Juanita (2010) ‘Transnational Migration, Gender and Rights: Advocacy and Activism in the Malaysian Context’, International Migration, 48(6), pp. 44-71.
Kofman, Eleanor (2016) ‘Gender and Migration’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp.362-369.
True, Jacqui (2012) The Political Economy of Violence Against Women, Oxford: Oxford University Press, especially Chapter 4: ‘Crossing Borders to Make Ends Meet: Sex Trafficking, the Maid Trade, and Other Gendered Forms of Labor Exploitation’
Forced Movement: Trafficking and Refugees
Bernat, Francis P.and Tatyana Zhilina (2010) ‘Human Trafficking: The Local Becomes the Global’, Women and Criminal Justice 20 (1-2) 2–9.
Freedman, Jane (2015) Gendering the International Asylum and Refugee Debate, 2nd edition, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Hyndman, Jennifer (2010) ‘Feminist Geopolitics Meets Refugee Studies’, in Alexander Betts and Gil Loescher, (eds) Refugees in International Relations, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp..169-184
Hyndman, Jennifer and Wenona. Giles (2011) “Waiting for What? The Feminization of Asylum in Protracted Situations,” Gender, Place, and Culture, 18 (3): 361-379,
Rose, Maggie (2016) ‘Feminist Theory and the European Refugee Crisis’, Conspectus Borealis 1 (1)
Szczepanikova, Alice (2010) ‘Performing Refugeeness in the Czech Republic: Gendered Depoliticisation through NGO Assistance’, Gender, Place & Culture 17 (4): 461–477.
Szczepanikova, Alice (2009). ‘Beyond “Helping”: Gender and Relations of Power in Non-governmental Assistance to Refugees’. Journal of International Women’s Studies 11 (3): 19-33.
Seminar 9: Peacekeeping
Harrington, Carol (2013) ‘UNSCR 1325 and Post-Cold War Feminist Politics’, International Feminist Journal of Politics 13 (4) :557-575.
Duncanson, Claire (2009) ‘Forces for Good? Narratives of Military Masculinity in Peacekeeping Operations’ International Feminist journal of Politics, 11 (1): 63-80.
Why and how did feminists lobby for Resolution1325 and what has been its impact?
Are women more peaceful than men? Do they have a particular role in ending conflict or building peace?
UNSCR 1325 and the Women, Peace and Security agenda
Bell, Christine, and Catherine O’Rourke (2010) ‘Peace agreements or pieces of paper? The impact of UNSC Resolution 1325 on peace processes and their agreements,’ International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 59(4): 941-980.
Chinkin, Christine, and Hilary Charlesworth (2006) ‘Building Women into Peace: The International Legal Framework’, Third World Quarterly 27 (5): 937–957
Cohn, Carol, Helen Kinsella, S. Gibbings (2004) ‘Women, Peace and Security Resolution 1325,’ International Feminist Journal of Politics, 6 (1): 130-140.
McLeod, Laura (2016) ‘The Women, Peace and Security Resolutions: UNSCR 1325-2122’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp271-279.
Pratt, Nicola and Sophie Richter-Devroe (2013) 'Reconceptualizing Gender, Reinscribing Racial–Sexual Boundaries in International Security: The Case of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on “Women, Peace and Security”'. International Feminist Journal of Politics 13 (4): 489-503.
Shepherd, Laura J. (2013) ‘Sex, Security and Superhero(in)es: From 1325 to 1820 and Beyond’ International Feminist Journal of Politics 13 (4) :504-521.
Willett, Susan (2010) Introduction: Security Council Resolution 1325: Assessing the Impact on Women, Peace and Security’, International Peacekeeping 17(2): 142-158.
Peacekeeping, Peace Building, Peace Activism
Confortini, Catia Cecelia (2012) Intelligent Compassion: Feminist Critical Methodology in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Duncanson, Claire (2016) Gender and Peacebuilding, Cambridge: Polity Press.
El-Bushra, Judy (2007) ‘Feminism, Gender and Women's Peace Activism’. Development and Change 38 (1): 131–147.
Elshtain, Jean Bethke (1988) ‘The Problem with Peace’, Millennium: Journal of International Studies, 17 (3): 441-449.
Eschle, Catherine (2013) ‘‘Gender and the Subject of (Anti-)Nuclear Politics: Revisiting Women Campaigners Against the Bomb’ International Studies Quarterly, 57 (4): 713-724.
Harrington, Carol (2016) ‘Peacekeeping’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp 280-288.
Higate, Paul (2007) ‘Peacekeepers, Masculinities, and Sexual Exploitation’, Men and Masculinities 10 (1): 99-119.
Jacobson, Ruth (2016) ‘Gender, Peace Activism and Anti-Militarisation’ in Jill Steans and Daniele Tepe-Belfrage (eds), Handbook on Gender in World Politics, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, pp 298-305.
Sjoberg, Laura, and Gentry, Caron E. (2007) Mothers, Monsters, Whores: Women’s Violence in Global Politics, London: Zed Books.
Stiehm, Judith.H. (2001) ‘Women, Peacekeeping and Peacemaking: Gender Balance and Mainstreaming’,International Peacekeeping 8 (2): 39–48.
Seminar 10: Evaluating Feminist contributions to security studies
Lake, David A. (2016) ‘White Man’s IR: An Intellectual Confession’ Perspectives on Politics 14 (4): 1112-1122.
Eun, Y. (2019) “An Intellectual Confession from a Member of the “Non-White” IR Community: A Friendly Reply to David Lake’s White Man’s IR: Perspectives on Politics 52 (1): 78-84.
What are likely to be the main possibilities and challenges for feminists worldwide in the future?
What impact have feminist IR scholars had on their discipline?
How have mainstream IR scholars responded?
In what new directions is feminist IR analysis heading?
New Directions for Feminist IR?
Technology and the body
Bayard de Volo, Lorraine (2016) ‘Unmanned? Gender Recalibrations and the Rise of Drone Warfare’, Politics & Gender 12 (1): 50-77.
Daggett, Cara (2015) ‘Drone Disorientations: How Unmanned Weapons Queer the Experience of Fighting in War’, International Feminist Journal of Politics 17 (3): 361-379.
Sjoberg, Laura (2012) ‘Towards Trans-Gendering International Relations’, International Political Sociology, 6(4):337-354.
Queering feminist IR
Weber, Cynthia (2016) Queer International Relations: Sovereignty, Sexuality and the Will to Knowledge, Oxford: Oxford University Press.