Last update: doc. PhDr. Jiří Vykoukal, CSc. (31.05.2017)
Why is it better to make love rather than war ? Because making love - ie. engaging in caring relationships - benefits
both care givers and care receivers. Appeals to humanrights and international humanitarian law certainly are
important, but should we not focus on non-violent humanitarian intervention care beforehand ? While an armád
humanitarian invasion may be needed at times under Just War jus ad bellum rules, are there pacifist alternatives ?
Are there universal ethical rules, in history and Gross civilizations ? Such questions will be central in this
introductory international ethics course.
Dependency – not the status of an autonomous adult as envisioned in liberal political theory - characterizes
humans. A Global Care ethic, based on feminist theory and religious consensus, priviledging needs rather than
rights, concrete social relations rather than abstract principles of justice, is superior to a purely rights based
approach. And, are women – the traditionally dominated sex and gender - not morally superior to men ? Focussing
on international relations morality, we shall discuss political theory doctrines by Gandhi, Gilligan, Hobbes, Küng,
Kant, Nagel, Singer, Rawls, Thucydides, Walzer as well as the instructor's. Students will be encouraged to think
and evaluate their personal ideals of international relations. They will become familiar with concepts and theories
helping them to develop their own thoughts about the needs, challenges, and impediments to international
Last update: Mgr. Jan Váška, Ph.D. (02.10.2017)
Pierre Allan (2006, 2008), "Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care," in Pierre Allan and Alexis Keller (eds.), What is a Just Peace?, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 90-129.
Pierre Allan & Alexis Keller (2012), "Is a Just Peace Possible Without Thin and Thick Recognition?", in Thomas Lindemann & Erik Ringmar (eds.), The Struggle for Recognition in International Politics, Boulder, Col.: Paradigm Publishers, pp. 71-84.
Faisal Devji (2012), The Impossible Indian: Gandhi and the Temptation of Violence, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, ("Morality in a time of mass murder", and "Politics beside itself", pp. 127-150.)
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1938), "If I were a Czech", in Harijan, October 15. Carol Gilligan (1982, 1993), In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, pp. 24-45, 62-63, 100- 105.
Thomas Hobbes (1651), Leviathan, New York: Norton, 1997 (chapter 13: "Of the Natural Condition of Mankind, as concerning their Felicity, and Misery", pp. 68-72.)
Immanuel Kant (1795), On Perpetual Peace, extracts.
Hans Küng (1997), A Global Ethic for Global Politics and Economics, London: SCM Press, (chapter 4: "A Global Ethic as a Foundation for Global Society", pp. 91-113.)
Robert W. McElroy (1992), Morality and American Foreign Policy: The Role of Ethics in International Affairs, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press (chapter 1: "The Debate on Morality and International Relations", pp. 3-29.)
Thomas Nagel (2005), "The Problem of Global Justice", Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (2): 113-147.
John Rawls (1999), The Law of Peoples with "The Idea of Public Reason Revisited", Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, extracts.
Fiona Robinson (1999), Globalizing Care: Ethics, Feminist Theory, and International Relations, Boulder, Col.: Westview, (chapter 7: "A Critical Ethics of Care in the Context of International Relations," pp. 137-168.)
Peter Singer (2002), One World: The Ethics of Globalization, New Haven: Yale University Press, chaps. 5 ("One Community") & 6 ("A Better World?"), pp. 150-201.
Thucydides (431 BC), The Peloponesian War, extracts (Pericles' funeral oration vs. Melian dialogue, 9 pp.)
Joan C. Tronto (1993), Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethic of Care, New York: Routledge, (chapter 6: "Care and Political Theory", pp. 157-180, endnotes pp. 214-217.)
Michael Walzer (1994), Thick and Thin: Moral Argument at Home and Abroad, Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, (chapter 1: "Moral Minimalism", pp. 1-19; chapter 4: "Justice and Tribalism: Minimal Morality In International Politics", pp. 63-83.)
Requirements to the exam
Last update: Lucie Kadlecová, M.A., Ph.D. (24.11.2017)
* Student work evaluation 1. Class participation: active participation based on discussion within class including points raised from readings; attendence is mandatory, with one unexcused absence tolerated. Evaluation: 25% of final grade. 2. Mid-term essay paper (length: 1000 to 1300 words maximum) to be written individually and sent by October 31st (midnight) to email@example.com. The essay will defend student's own moral thinking on international relations, defending her/his personal opinions using multiple and diverse arguments taken from the course as well as the required readings. Evaluation: 25% of final grade. 3. Final essay: will primarily test whether students are successful in thinking on their own on questions of international relations ethics. Their problematique will use at least six major authors used in the course and part of the assigned readings (only very cursory references will be made, such as "Gandhi", "Walzer"). Essay length: 3,000 words minimum and 3,500 words maximum. Deadline: Wednesday, January 10th, 2018, at 23:59. To be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org. Evaluation: 50% of final grade.
Last update: doc. PhDr. Jiří Vykoukal, CSc. (31.05.2017)
1. Are women morally superior to men ? Boys' moral reasoning (and girls', too...); so is Kant's view best, or are there 'different voices' ? Readings: Gilligan; Küng
2. Are there universal ethical rules ? Yes: act humanely, the Golden Rule (and Just War.) Readings: Küng; Allan 125-7
3. Are moral obligations particular or universal ? Pericles' funeral oration and Walzer's thick and and thin morality. Readings: Thucydides 1-4; Walzer; Singer; Nagel
4. Can there be peace in an anarchical world ? Political realism, prudence, and international morality. Readings: McElroy
5. How could one measure international ethics ? Moral theories and an international moral scale. Readings: Allan 90-105
6. What is bad ? From nuclear Armageddon to Thucydides' Melian dialogue to Hobbes to Just War. Readings: Allan 95-97, 105-111; Thucydides 4-9
7. What is good ? The ideal of agape-paradise, and from stable peace to Just Peace to positive peace to Global Care. Readings: Allan 97-100, 111-29; Thucydides 1-4
8. When is it legitimate to go to war ? And what about humanitarian intervention ? Readings: Allan 109-11
9. What are the ways to a Just Peace ? Recognition, renouncement, and rule. Readings: Allan 115-7; Allan & Keller
10.Is perpetual peace possible ? Yes, Kant tells us, this with rational demons (and even in a Hobbesian world). Readings: Kant; Hobbes
11.Can Gandhi be right, and if yes, how ? The logic of pacifism, power play, and non-violence. Readings: Gandhi; Devji; Gilligan 103-5
12.How could a Just Society of Peoples be built ? Rawls and the limits of liberalism. Readings: Rawls
13.Should I not help everyone ? Cosmopolitan universalism and its particularist - 2/5 - critique (ie. everything global is necessarily local if not glocal). Readings: Singer; Nagel
14.Is a Global Care ethic superior ? Recognition, caring, and lovemaking.