The course examines and compares the history, structure, and regulations of both employment law (labour law) and social security law in Central Europe, while it mainly focuses on EU law aspects.
The course provides a comprehensive information on current EU legislation, including CJEU case law, it focuses also on international law, not leaving behind some up-to-date impacts of EU legislation on Czech labour and social security law.
Last update: doc. PhDr. Marta Chromá, Ph.D. (23.10.2019)
The course examines and compares the history, structure and regulations of both employment law (labour law) and social security law in Central Europe (mainly the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Poland and Slovakia). After a definition of general terms and a brief review of both legal theory and history, the course focuses principally on social risks covered by the said branches of law (for example pregnancy, maternity, sickness, disability to work, unemployment, invalidity or death of a breadwinner). The course provides a comprehensive study of current EC law, international law, and Czech labour and social security law including case law. If appropriate, there will be comparisons with other Central European countries. Special attention is devoted to the Posted Workers Directive, and pension and health care reforms in Central Europe.
Requirements to the exam
Last update: Ing. Svatava Marešová (04.01.2023)
Written Multiple choice test. Multiple choice questions; students are required to identify the right answers from among a set of possible options that are presented to them.
Preconditions: 80% attendance in class.
Last update: Ing. Svatava Marešová (07.08.2023)
Outline of the Course
Lecture 1: …
Law of Social Protection and its History in Europe (4.10., Štefko) History of Social Protection • Development of the Welfare State, Types of Welfare State, the Crisis of the Welfare State • Sources of Law (international and EC law) • Social Welfare Rights, Functions and Aims of Labour Law and Social Security Law
Lecture 2: …
The concept of employee and dependant work (11.10., Tomšej) The concept of employee/worker • Dependant work and its forms • Illegal work • Platform work and its proposed regulation
Lecture 3: …
Labour law in the market economy (18.10., Tomšej) Flexicurity: towards a balanced approach between flexibility and security • Non-Competition Covenants • ARD Directive • Regulation of remuneration
Lecture 4: …
Establishment and termination of employment: key areas for the protection of workers? (25.10., Tomšej) Transparent and predictable working conditions • Protection against termination of employment • Unfair dismissal lawsuits
Lecture 5: …
Working Time, Rest Periods, Payments (1.11., Štefko)
Lecture 6: …
Discrimination and its ban in social law (8.11. Tomšej) The concept of discrimination •Discrimination in employment – current issues • Harassment • Remedies and enforcement
Lecture 7: …
Work-life balance – not only Directive … (15.11., Koldinska) WLB Directive, different approaches in Western and Eastern Europe, selected aspects of care, social protection of people with caring responsibilities
Lecture 8: …
Free Movement of Workers and Coordination of Social Security (6.12., Koldinska) why FMW, how is it connected with SSC, principles of SSC, FMW in „non-normal“ times
Lecture 9: …
Posting of Workers Choice of Law Rules • Posted Workers Directive • Employment of third-country nationals (29.11., Tomšej)
Lecture 10: …
Migration, Aging, Poverty and Social Exclusion (22.11., Koldinska)
reactions of welfare states to Covid and war in Ukraine, how to solve the social crisis?
After hearing this course, students will be able to:
Identify main workers‘ rights
Identify discrimination and face it
Propose concrete instruments to harmonize private and work life
Critically reflect on several pieces of social legislation
Means of communication: Moodle
PICHRT, J.; ŠTEFKO, M.: Labour Law, Kluwer Law International, The Hague 2009
KOLDINSKÁ, K., LANG, R. Social security law. Kluwer Law International. The Hague, 2020 ŠTEFKO, M.: Czech Labour Law in European Context, Charles University Press, Prague 2007 TRÖSTER, P., VYSOKAJOVÁ, M.: International Encyclopaedia of Social Security Law - Czech Republic, Suppl. 57, Kluwer Law International, The Hague 2006 KOLDINSKÁ, K., ŠTEFKO, M. Sociální vývoj a sociální situace v České republice v roce 2008, Die soziale Entwicklung und soziale Lage in der Tschechischen Republik im Jahr 2008, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Prag Analyse aus der Tschechischen Republik 1/2009, available at http://www.fesprag.cz/cs/system/files/books/2009-1-cz.pdf, http://www.fesprag.cz/cs/system/files/books/2009-1.pdf KOLDINSKA, K.: Czech and Slovak Labour Law - Protective or liberal? In: International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, Kluwer Law International No 24/3 2008 KOLDINSKÁ, K.: Soziales Europa? Testfall Tschechien. In: Collegium Europaeum Jenense (Hg.): Sociales Europa Testfall Polen und Tschechien (Tagung vom 15. Juni 2007). Edition Paideia, Verlag IKS Garamond, Jena 2008 KOLDINSKÁ, K.: Gender Equality: Before and Aer the Enlargement of EU: The Case of the Czech Republic. In: European Law Journal, No. 2, 2007, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford