SubjectsSubjects(version: 945)
Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Pharmacognosy I - GF035
Title: Farmakognozie I
Guaranteed by: Department of Pharmacognosy and Pharmaceutical Botany (16-16230)
Faculty: Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové
Actual: from 2022
Semester: summer
Points: 0
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:28/28, C [HS]
Capacity: unlimited / 210 (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Explanation: (F, 2.roč.)
Old code: F035
Note: deregister from the credit exam date if a requisite was not fulfilled
course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D.
Classification: Pharmacy > Special Core Subjects
Comes under: 2.ročník 2023/24-Farmacie
Co-requisite : GF369
Pre-requisite : GF338
Is pre-requisite for: GF148, GF304
Annotation -
Last update: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D. (08.02.2022)
Pharmacognosy studies active ingredients (medicinal substances) and excipients (auxiliary substances) of natural origin intended for human and veterinary use. It deals with all aspects of natural drugs – origin, production, processing, constituents, standardization and quality control, biological activities and use in therapy, adverse effects, and interactions with other substances.
Course completion requirements -
Last update: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D. (08.02.2022)
Credit from Pharmacognosy I in the summer semester acad. year 2021-2022 consists of: a) successful 1st continuous test (includes knowledge from lectures 1-5) b) successful 2nd continuous test (includes knowledge from lectures 6-10) c) successful 3rd continuous test (includes knowledge from lectures 11-14) d) 100% attendance at practical exercises e) obtaining 96 points from tests from practical exercises (or 70% of points from the comprehensive test) f) macroscopic and microscopic identification of drugs (the list of required drugs for individual parts will be displayed in a set of practical exercises in the Study Materials)
Literature -
Last update: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D. (08.02.2022)


  • Spilková, Jiřina, Martin, Jan, Siatka, Tomáš, Tůmová, Lenka, Kašparová, Marie. Farmakognozie. Praha: Nakladatelství Karolinum, 2016, 346 s. ISBN 978-80-246-3264-3.
  • Dušek, Jaroslav, Kašparová, Marie, Siatka, Tomáš, Spilková, Jiřina, Tůmová, Lenka. Praktická cvičení z farmakognosie. Praha: Karolinum, 2002, 94 s. ISBN 80-246-0598-8.
  • Kolektiv autorů. Český lékopis 2017. Praha: Grada Publishing, a.s., 2017, 4904 s. ISBN 978-80-271-0500-7.


  • Bruneton, Jean. Pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, medicinal plants. Hampshire: Intercept Publ., 1999, 1122 s. ISBN 1-898298-63-7.

Syllabus -
Last update: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D. (08.02.2022)

Pharmacognosy – basic terms, history.

Czech pharmacopoeia. Methods in Pharmacognosy.

Fatty oils, fats, waxes.

Amino acids, peptides, proteins.


  • Monosaccharides.

  • Oligosaccharides.

  • Polysaccharides.


  • Phenolic glycosides.

  • Lignans.

  • Flavonoids.

  • Isoflavonoids.

  • Anthocyanins.

  • Coumarins.

  • Anthraglycosides

  • Cardiac glycosides.

  • Glucosinolates.

  • Iridoids.

  • Saponins.

  • Cyanogenic glycosides.


  • Hydrolysable tannins.

  • Condensed tannins.

Essential oils.

Resins, balsams.


  • Protoalkaloids.

  • Isoquinoline alkaloids.

  • Indole alkaloids.

  • Quinoline alkaloids.

  • Imidazole alkaloids.

  • Pyridine and piperidine alkaloids.

  • Quinolizidine alkaloids.

  • Tropane alkaloids.

  • Purine alkaloids.

  • Pseudoalkaloids.

Teaching methods -
Last update: prof. Ing. Lucie Cahlíková, Ph.D. (08.02.2022)

Lectures and practical classes.

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