Hygiene, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine III. - CVSE3P0018
Title: Hygiena, epidemiologie a preventivní lékařství III.
Guaranteed by: Katedra preventivního lékařství (12-KPL)
Faculty: Third Faculty of Medicine
Actual: from 2016
Semester: summer
Points: 2
E-Credits: 2
Examination process: summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: summer s.:8/26, C [HS]
Extent per academic year: 34 [hours]
Capacity: unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
Guarantor: doc. MUDr. Pavel Dlouhý, Ph.D.
prof. MUDr. Milena Černá, DrSc.
MUDr. Jana Dáňová, Ph.D.
Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
Subject is taught in third year of the study programme of generale medicine in connection with subjects Hygiene, epidemiology and preventive medicine I. and II. and with topics in Pathology and Infectious diseases. Subject matter is General hygiene and Special epidemiology.
Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Aim of the course -

Goal of this subject is orientation in influence of environment to the human health and in epidemiology of infectious diseases.

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Literature -

Heymann D. : Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, American Public Healh Association, 2008

Bencko, V. and all: Hygiene and epidemiology - selected chapters. Karolinum, 2011

Ševčíková, L. and all: Environmental Health Hygiene. Comenium University in Bratislava, Slovakia 2015

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Teaching methods -

Lectures, seminars, excursions.

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Requirements to the exam -

Subject is finished as a credit, to get the credit a credit test has to be passed together with the participation at the excursions and attending 4 epidemiology seminars (from 7) and 2 hygiene seminars (from 4).

 

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Syllabus -

Influence of environmental factors to human health. Tools for control of environmental health. Main adverse effects of environmental factors on health. Preventive measures.

Environmental toxicology. Main adverse effects of environmental toxins and genotoxins, toxocokinetic and toxicodynamics. Interactions of chemical compounds.

Hygienic problems of water. Hygienic requirements on drinking water and bathing water. Production of drinking water, potential health risks, monitoring.

Air pollution and health. Indoor pollution. Sources of air pollution, health risk based on epidemiologic studies, indicators of air pollution. Specificity of indor pollution.

Smoking. Health risks from active and passive smoking. Epidemiology of smoking habits in CR and all over the world. Protection against passive smoking and prevention of smoking in children and adolescents.

Fysical factors in general environment. Health risk of noise, vibrations, electromagnetic, UV and solar radiation. Preventive measures.

Health risk assessment  

Epidemiology of intestinal diseases:  Basic epidemiologic characteristics, methods of control, most important types of intestinal diseases according infectious agent (salmonellosis, shigellosis campylobacteriosis etc.). Methods of control.

Epidemiology of neuroinfections, wound infections and septic conditions. Most important etiologic agents of these types diseases, trends and prevention.   

Epidemiology of respiratory diseases. Epidemiologic characteristics of ARI (acute respiratory infections) including influenza, social nad health seriousness, distribution in Czech republic and all over the world, bird flu, swine flu. Methods of control. 

Epidemiology of geographic distribution of diseases. Basic characteristics, types if infections, etiological agents, reservoir, vector, biotop.  Examples of geografic distribution of diseases. Incidence in CR and all over the world, primary prevention. Methods of control.

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS. History, definition, epidemiologic characteristics of HIV/AIDS, epidemiologic situation  in CR and all over the world, trends and perspectives of HIV/AIDS and others serious STI (sexually transmited diseases). Preventive measures.

Viral hepatitis. Basic characteristics of infectious agents of viral hepatitis A, B, C,, D, E. Changes in distribution of VHA, VHB, VHC. Principles of primary prevention of VHA and VHB, legislative regulations.Trends of distribution of  viral hepatitis in CR and all over the world. Methods of control.

Active and passive immunization. Principles of active and passive immunization, types of vaccines according preparation, contraindications of vaccination, adverse reactions,legislative rules. vaccination schedule in CR (routine vac., speciál vac., emergency vac., vaccination in injueries, vaccination on request)

 

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)
Entry requirements -

Knowledge gained during first two study years - Succesfully finished HEPM I and II.

Last update: Dáňová Jana, MUDr., Ph.D. (29.11.2019)