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Course, academic year 2023/2024
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Hygiene, Epidemiology and a Preventive Medicine I. - CVSE1P0006
Title: Hygiena, epidemiologie a preventivní lékařství I.
Guaranteed by: Katedra preventivního lékařství (12-KPL)
Faculty: Third Faculty of Medicine
Actual: from 2016
Semester: winter
Points: 2
E-Credits: 2
Examination process: winter s.:
summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:8/8, --- [HS]
summer s.:0/8, C [HS]
Extent per academic year: 24 [hours]
Capacity: winter:unknown / unknown (unknown)
summer:unknown / unknown (unknown)
Min. number of students: unlimited
4EU+: no
Virtual mobility / capacity: no
Key competences:  
State of the course: taught
Language: Czech, English
Teaching methods: full-time
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
Guarantor: doc. MUDr. Pavel Dlouhý, Ph.D.
MUDr. Jana Dáňová, Ph.D.
prof. MUDr. Milena Černá, DrSc.
Examination dates   Schedule   
Annotation -
This subject is taught in first year of the study. Introduction is focused to important topic of hospital hygiene mainly to prevention of hospital infections, how to eat healthy, health risks in building environment, methods of desinfections and basic methods of ecology.
Last update: Černá Milena, prof. MUDr., DrSc. (27.09.2017)
Aim of the course -

Students will be familiarized with subject of hygiene and epidemiology. Attention is stressed to the topic of hospital hygiene, desinfection, sterilisation, prevention of hospital infections. Main target is to achieve theoretical and practical knowledge importan for practice of students in a hospital.

Last update: Černá Milena, prof. MUDr., DrSc. (27.09.2017)
Literature -

Heymann D.: Control of Communicable Diseases Manual, American Public Health Association, 2008

Bencko V. and coworkers: Hygiene and Epidemiology (selected chapters), Charles Univ. in Prague, teaching texts. The Karolinum  Press, 2011

Last update: Černá Milena, prof. MUDr., DrSc. (27.09.2017)
Teaching methods -

Lectures, seminars

Last update: Černá Milena, prof. MUDr., DrSc. (27.09.2017)
Requirements to the exam -

This subject will be finished as a credit in summer semester. To receive this credit a student shoud pass a test. The credit will be given by RNDr. Sylva Rödlová or Ph.D or prof. MUDr. Milena Černá, DrSc. 

Last update: Rödlová Sylva, RNDr., Ph.D. (29.09.2020)
Syllabus -

Introduction to the topic hygiene propedoutic: Definition, conception and short history of hygiene. Current legislative and organization providing for hygiene. 

Hygiene in health care system. Targets of hospital hygiene. Main risks in health care system (for patients, profesionals, visitors).

Physical, chemical and biological factors in health care. Important factors affected health.  Requirements for watter suplpy and disposal of sewage. Heating facilities, microclimate conditions, noise, lighting etc.

Desinfection and sterilization. Improvement of knowledge of types and forms of desinfection and sterilization in health care. Main types of its methods and techniques. Legislative regulations.

Hospital infections: Definition of the term "hospital infections", importace of specific, nonspecific, endogenous and exogenous hospital infections, seriousness of  different types of these infections, possibilities of prevention, trends of distributions and methods of control.

Environmental hygiene. Basic knowledge of ecology. Abiotic and biotic factors. Development of ecosystem and their stability. Global problems of air pollution. Greenhouse gases. Types of smog and influence to human helath. Water main sources of polution. Food chaine of chemical components. Alergogenic plants. Diseases transmited by vectors. Ecotoxicology.

Last update: Černá Milena, prof. MUDr., DrSc. (27.09.2017)
 
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