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Course, academic year 2014/2015
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Topographical anatomy form visceral manipulation methods II - CVOL0030
Title in English: Topographical anatomy form visceral manipulation methods II
Guaranteed by: Department of Anatomy (12-ANAT)
Faculty: Third Faculty of Medicine
Actual: from 2014 to 2014
Semester: winter
Points: 3
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
summer s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:0/45 C [hours/week]
summer s.:0/45 C [hours/week]
Extent per academic year: 90 [hours]
Capacity: winter:unknown / unknown (20)
summer:unknown / unknown (20)
Min. number of students: 5
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Guarantor: MUDr. Bc. Jana Mrzílková, Ph.D.
Comes under: AVSEOB-VP-3 (ZÁPIS)
Annotation -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)
The topic of this subject is detailed description of selected organs and topographical regions, corresponding to the first course of visceral manipulation (liver, stomach, duodenum, small and great intestine, kidneys, vertebral column, thorax). Anatomy will be focused especially on the fascial coverings of the organs, organs fixation and their inter relationship, mostly to surrounding areas. Focus is paid to fascial and ligamentous contacts with remote areas and to usage of knowledge for visceral manipulation method. Students will be introduced to practical knowledge of anatomy of organ projection, basic palpation techniques for separate organs identification and their relationship. Subject will vary from basci knowledge of organ embryology, further definitive organization of anatomical topographical regions and practicality of palpation techniques.
Aim of the course -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

The purpose of the subject is detailed introduction of students into topographical anatomy of areas usefull for visceral manipulation method. Theoretical part will be focused on knowledge of fascial insertion of organs, based on the detailed embryology. Practical part will be focused on the palpation techniques of the organs and their projection on the body surface. Such knowledge could students potentially use even in the courses of visceral manipulation  - new approach in the physiotherapy and rehabilitation.

Descriptors -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

topographical anatomy, fascial insertion of the organs, visceral manipulation, embryonal development of organs, ligaments

Course completion requirements -
Last update: Bc. Kateřina Maternová (03.03.2016)

80% attendance

Teaching methods -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

Theoretical part will be realized by lectures with Power point presentations, focused on embryology and topographical anatomy. Practical part will be focused on the organs palpation and their projection on the bodily surface in volunteers. In the course we would also demonstrate position and fixation of the organs and separate topographical places on the cadaverous specimen.

Requirements to the exam -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

Credit will be issued based on the attendace - at least 80%.

Syllabus -
Last update: Bc. Kateřina Maternová (01.04.2015)


1. Visceral manipulation methods and basic embryology for this methods  

2. Liver (embryology of liver, fixation of liver by ligaments and possibility of treatment by this method, topography and palpation of liver) 

3. Stomach (development of gaster and omental bursa, synthopy of gaster and organs in abdominal cavity, gastroesophageal junction, clinic) 

4. Duodenum and pancreas (embryology, development and rotation, topogaphy and omental sac, biliar and pancreatic ducts) 

5. Small intestine, peritoneum (embryology and development, fixation by ligaments, radix of mesenterium and connection with vertebral column, A. mesenterica sup. and clinical connotations, treatment, innervation, clinical importance  of peritoneum) 

6. Greater intestine, peritoneum  (embryology and development, rotation, ileocecal junction, fixation of subparts of greater intestine and connection with peritoneum and organs, blood supply and innervation) 

7. Demonstration of specimen, credits


Summer semester 

1. Kidney (development and position, syntopy with organs of abdominal cavity and diaphragm,, fixation and relation with lumbar plexus, blood supply, palpation, topography of the back -  trigonum lumbale) 

2. Pelvis I. (osseal structures and  palpation, inguinal ligament and insertion of abdominal muscles, inguinal canal, pelvic diaprahm, topography and spaces in pelvis, sacral and syphyseal ligaments) 

3. Pelvis II. (female reproductive organs, development, blood supply, innervation, ligamental fixation of uterus and clinical connotations, urinary bladder, clinic of incontinence, functional sterility, dysmenorrhea, vertebrogenic pain, male reproductive organs, development, blood supply, innervation, chronic prostatic diseases) 

4. Thorax (lungs and heart position in serous membranes, pericardium, developement of serous membranes and diaphragm, syntopy of big blood vesels, diaphragm and syntopy with organs in thoracic and abdominal cavity, thoracic wall) 

5. Superior apertura of thorax, neck (topography and palpation of vessels and nerves structures, muscles and fascial position in the neck, cervical vertebral column ) 

6. Vertebral column (topographical relationships and projections of clinically important structures of the vertebral column on the body surface, vertebral joints and their relationship to the thoracic fascias and abdominal cavity, vertebrovisceral relationships) 

7. Demonstration of specimen, credits

Entry requirements -
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

Entrance requirements for this subjects are passed exams from anatomy and physiology of the 2nd year magister study program or 1st year bachelor program of physiotherapy.

Registration requirements - Greek
Last update: Ondřej Kubánek (16.04.2013)

Zápis do předmětu je možný pro vyhlášené obory a ročníky, po splnění podmínek k zápisu.

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