SubjectsSubjects(version: 861)
Course, academic year 2019/2020
  
PVS/VS Gestures and Sign Languages in History of Western Philosophical Thought - ACN300591
Title: PVS/VS Gestures and Sign Languages in History of Western Philosophical Thought
Guaranteed by: Institut of Deaf Studies (21-UJKN)
Faculty: Faculty of Arts
Actual: from 2018
Semester: winter
Points: 0
E-Credits: 3
Examination process: winter s.:
Hours per week, examination: winter s.:2/0 C [hours/week]
Capacity: 25 / unknown (25)
Min. number of students: 4
State of the course: taught
Language: English
Teaching methods: full-time
Level:  
Note: course can be enrolled in outside the study plan
enabled for web enrollment
Guarantor: doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D.
Teacher(s): doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D.
Class: A - Mezioborová nabídka VP: Lingvistika
Annotation
Last update: Mgr. Andrea Hudáková, Ph.D. (15.09.2019)
In the class, we will offer a brief historical overview of the way Western philosophers have reflected upon the phenomenon of gesture and sign language. We will examine particular texts (from Antiquity up to the 20th century) which deal – be it directly or undirectly – with the topic in question. Even though the primary field of our interest will be philosophy, we will also make references to sign language linguistics, anthropology, theology, and psychology.
Aim of the course
Last update: doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D. (02.07.2018)

The students will be provided with a basic overview of the historical development of theoretical reflection on gesture and sign language in Western culture, as well as with detailed information concerning the history of Deaf communities.

Course completion requirements
Last update: doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D. (16.09.2019)

A short paper (cca 5 pages, spacing 1.5) concerning one of the topics treated in the class and based on individual research.

Regular attendance (i.e. two absences max.).

Literature
Last update: doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D. (20.06.2018)

Bibliography (selective):

Aristotle, Historia animalium II, trans. A. L. Peck, Cambridge, Harvard University Press 1970

Plato, Cratylus, trans. C. D. C. Reeve, In: J. M. Cooper (ed.), The Complete Works of Plato, Hackett Publishing Company, Indianapolis/Cambridge 1997

Quintilianus, M. F., Institutes of Oratory, trans. J. S. Watson, George Bell and Sons, London 1891

Lucretius, On the Nature of Things, trans. A. M. Esolen, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London 1995

St. Augustine, Concerning the Teacher, trans. G. G. Leckie, Appleton-Century, New York 1938

Hobbes, T., Leviathan, Blackwell Oxford 1965

Condillac, E. B., Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge, trans. H. Aarsleff, Cambridge University Press 2001

Diderot, D., Letter on the Deaf and Dumb, in: Diderot’s Early Philosophical Works, trans. M. Jourdain, The Open Court Publishing Company, Chicago/London 1916

Desloges, P., A Deaf Person’s Observations about An Elementary Course of Education for the Deaf, in: H. Lane (ed.), The Deaf Experience. Classics in Language and Education, Wahington, Gallaudet University Press 2006

Mallery, G., Sign Language among North-American Indians Compared to That Among Other People and Deaf-Mutes (1882), Mouton, Hague 1972

Itard, J.-M., Report on the Progress of Victor of Aveyron (1806), in: L. Malson, Wolf Children, London 1972

Merleau-Ponty, M., Phenomenology of Perception, trans. C. Smith, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London 1981

Syllabus
Last update: doc. Mgr. Josef Fulka, Ph.D. (20.06.2018)

1) Introduction: sign vs gesture debate; Kendon’s continuum; gesture studies and sign language linguistics

2) Gesture and sign language in Antiquity: Plato – Cratylus; Lucretius – De rerum natura; Quintilianus – Institutio oratoria.

3) Gesture and sign language in the Middle Ages: St. Augustine – De magistro. Monastic sign language.

4) Deafness as deficiency: Aristotle, Hobbes.

5) Gesture and sign language in the 18th century (I): Condillac and Rousseau

6) Gesture and sign language in the 18th century (II): Desloges and Diderot

7) Gesture and sign language in the 18th century (III): Pereira and abbé de l’Epée

8) Gesture and sign language in the 18th century (IV): the phenomenon of wild children

9) Gesture and sign language in the 19th century (I): Andrea de Jorio and Gilbert Austin

10) Gesture and sign language in the 19th century (II): Edward Tylor and Garrick Mallery

11) Gesture, speech and world (Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jürgen Streeck)

12) Summary and discussion

 
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