Thesis (Selection of subject)Thesis (Selection of subject)(version: 368)
Thesis details
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Aspect of Social Integration of Unaccompanied Immigrant Female Minors in Italy: the Case of Nigerian Females
Thesis title in Czech: Aspekty sociální integrace nezletilých migrantek bez doprovodu v Itálii: případ Nigerijských dívek
Thesis title in English: Aspect of Social Integration of Unaccompanied Immigrant Female Minors in Italy: the Case of Nigerian Females
Key words: imigrace, sociální integrace, zařízení pro cizince, nezletilí, cizinci, bez doprovodu, dívky, Itálie, Nigérie
English key words: immigration, social integration, reception centre, unaccompanied minor, immigrant, female, Italy, Sicily, Nigeria
Academic year of topic announcement: 2016/2017
Thesis type: Bachelor's thesis
Thesis language: angličtina
Department: Department of Sociology (23-KS)
Supervisor: Ludmila Maria Wladyniak, M.A., Ph.D.
Author: hidden - assigned by the advisor
Date of registration: 14.06.2017
Date of assignment: 14.06.2017
Date and time of defence: 13.06.2018 09:00
Venue of defence: Jinonice - U Kříže 8, Praha 5, J3015, Jinonice - místn. č. 3015
Date of electronic submission:12.05.2018
Date of proceeded defence: 13.06.2018
Opponents: José Hildo De Oliveira Filho, M.Sc., Ph.D.
 
 
 
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Guidelines
The thesis will be based on qualitative researched methods. I would like to do in-depth interviews with minors who are placed in centres for minor immigrants – care homes. During my Erasmus in Catania and also due to an internship in an Italian language courses for immigrants organised by the SPRAR program I received valuable experience and contacts on centres for minors.
I am in touch with a centre in Biancavilla where there are 7 Nigerians girls, and I am in contact with a centre in Catania and Caltagirone. In this moment I do not know how many girls are placed in these structures. On the basis of this question however I would like to interview at least two girls from each care home. I will take into consideration the age, nationality and length of stay in Italy of the girls.


References
AYOTTE, W. 2000. Separated Children. Why they travel and how they arrive. London: Save the Children.
BOSSWICK, W., F. HECKMANN. 2006. „Integration of migrants: Contribution of local and regional authorities“. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. [online] [cit. 10. 6. 2017]. Available from: http://eurofound.europa.eu/sites/default/files/ef_files/pubdocs/2006/22/en/1/ef0622en.pdf.
BOYDEN, J., & DE BERRY, J. (Eds.). 2004. Children and Youth on the Front Line: Ethnography, Armed Conflict and Displacement. Berghahn Books. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt9qddzv.
CASTLES S., M. J. MILLER. 2014. The age of migration : international population movements in the modern world. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.
CONSOLI, T. 2015. Migration towards Southern Europe. Milano: Franco Angeli s.r.l.
DENOV, M., AKESSON, R. 2013. „Neither here nor there? Place and placemaking in the lives of separated children.“ International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 9 Issue: 2, pp.56-70 [cit. 9. 6. 2017]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJMHSC-06-2013-0012
GOODMAN, S. W. 2010. „Integration Requirements for Integration’s Sake? Identifying, Categorising and Comparing Civic Integration Policies.“ Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies [online] 36 (5): 753-772 [cit. 27. 5. 2016]. Dostupné z: http://www.ebsco.com/.
IDOS. 2016. Dossier Statistico Immigrazione 2016. Rome: IDOS
JACQUELINE, B. 2014. Child Migration and Human Rights in a Global Age. Princeton: Princeton University.
KOSTAKOPOULOU, T. 2001. Citizenship, Identity and Immigration in the European Union. Between Past and Future. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
ROBINSON, M. 2011. Children Without a State: A Global Human Rights Challenge (Bhabha J., Ed.). MIT Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt5hhf49

Webesides of International Organizations
www.iom.com
http://www.msf.org/
www.safethechildren.net
http://www.unhcr.org/
www.unicef.org

Preliminary scope of work
In my bachelor thesis I will focus on minor migrants in Italy, and especially on female migrants. I will work with the definition undertaken by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHRC) which defines a separated minor as “under the age of 18 and who is separated from both parents and is not being cared for by an adult who, by the law or custom, is responsible to do so”.
The problems related to this issue do not include only taking care of basic needs such as the accommodation and food of an underage foreigner, but also the process of social integration. This includes integration in schools and communities, professional training, linguistic-cultural mediation and also free-time activities. All this support the minor should receive from care homes, guardians, local communities, NGOs and other actors involved in these processes.
In the present migration crisis situation the percentage of separated children is progressively increasing and it is becoming more and more an issue which needs to be viewed and handled very carefully. The main flow of separated children in recent years is mainly composed of males in the age of between 16 to 18 years old (Consoli 2015: 22, 65). However, the percentage of females has increased from 5,4% in 2011 to 7,3% in 2014 (Consoli 2015: 60). Migration is generally more dangerous for girls because they are more vulnerable and face a higher chance of being trafficked and working in the sex industry (Consoli 2015: 22).
After arriving in Italy the minors are placed into the first reception structure and stay there up to 90 days. Following this they are transferred to the second reception structures where deeper integration take place. It is in these structures that my interviews will be carried out.
The reason why I have chosen to focus on girls is because I want to try to understand the reason and circumstances behind (their?) decision to leave the country of origin. I would like to record all three stages – before leaving home country, the journey and after arriving to Italy during the integrational process. I want to ask questions such as: Is their migration rather connected with economic reasons or the unstable situation in her country? What other push or pull factors made her leave? Did she have to face some difficulties before arriving to Italy? Who financed her journey? I also want to focus on perceptions of Europe before and after arriving. Did her expectations meet the reality? What troubles did she have to face after the arrival? In what activities is she involved in this moment? How does she evaluate the integration process? What are her priorities? And eventually I would like to know what her future plans are.



 
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