Thesis (Selection of subject)Thesis (Selection of subject)(version: 368)
Thesis details
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2021 Taliban Takeover: Defeat of the Afghan National Security Forces through the lens of proxy warfare theory
Thesis title in Czech: 2021 - převzetí moci Talibanem: Porážka afghánských národních bezpečnostních sil optikou teorie proxy válčení
Thesis title in English: 2021 Taliban Takeover: Defeat of the Afghan National Security Forces through the lens of proxy warfare theory
Key words: Proxy Války, Afghanistán, Spojené Státy Americké, Taliban, Afghanská Národní Armáda, Insurgency, Coutnerinsurgency,
English key words: Proxy Warfare, Afghanistan, United States of America, Taliban, Afghan National Army, Insurgency, Counterinsurgency,
Academic year of topic announcement: 2022/2023
Thesis type: diploma thesis
Thesis language: angličtina
Department: Department of Security Studies (23-KBS)
Supervisor: Ing. Bc. Luděk Michálek, Ph.D.
Author: hidden - assigned by the advisor
Date of registration: 30.12.2022
Date of assignment: 30.12.2022
Date and time of defence: 31.01.2024 07:00
Venue of defence: Areál Jinonice, B330, 330, seminární místnost IPS
Date of electronic submission:02.08.2023
Date of proceeded defence: 31.01.2024
Opponents: prof. PhDr. Emil Aslan, Ph.D.
 
 
 
References
Academical sources


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Bar-Siman-Tov, Y. (1984). The Strategy of War by Proxy, Cooperation and conflict XIV 263-73

Bell, D. (2022) Back to the Future: Is this really a new period in History? Foreign Policy Summer 2022

Brown, S. (2016). Purposes and pitfalls of war by proxy: A systemic analysis. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 27:2, 243-257. Routledge

Chan, S. (2009). Sentinels of Afghan Democracy: The Afghan National Army. Military Review January-February 2009

Clancy J., Crossett Ch (2007). Measuring Effectiveness in Irregular Warfare. The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters Volume 37, no. 2

Cleveland, Ch. (2020) The American Way of Irregular War: An Analytical Memoir. Rand Corporation

Freedman, L. (2022). Command: The Politics of Military Operations from Korea to Ukraine. Allen Lane

Gallagher, B. (2019) Tbe Day After: Why America Wins the War but Loses the Peace. Cornell University Press

Giustozzi, A. (2007). Auxilliary Force or National Army? Afghanistan´s “ANA” and the Counter-Insurgency Effort, 2002-2006. Small Wars and Insurgencies Vol.18. No.1, 45-67. March 2007

Giustozzi. A. (2009). Afghan National Army: Unwarranted Hope? The RUSI Journal, 154:6, 36-42

Giustozzi. A. (2015). Army of Afghanistan: Political history of fragile institution. C. Hurst&Co.

Hammes, T.X. (2004) The Sling and The Stone: On War in the 21st Century. Zenith Press

Hammes, T.X. (2016). Raising and Mentoring Security Forces in Afghanistan and Iraq. Chapter 4 in Lessons Encountered Lessons from the Long War. National Defense University Press.

Huber, Thomas M. (2004). Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot. University Press of the Pacific

International Crisis Group (2010). A Force in Fragments: Reconstituting the Afghan National Army. Asia Report No.190, International Crisis Group, Washington, D.C.

Jones, S. (2008). Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan. National Defense Research Institute. RAND Corporation

Jones, S. (2009). In the Graveyard of Empires: America´s war in Afghanistan. Norton & Companz

Kitts, M. (2020). The Strategic Use of Force in Counterinsurgency. The Rowman & Littlefield

Krieg, A., Rickli, J-M (2019). Surrogate Warfare: The transformation of War in the twenty-first century. Georgetown University Press

Ladwig III, Walter C. (2017). The Forgotten Front: Patron-Client Relationships in Counterinsurgency. Cambridge University Press.

Liang, Q., Xiangsui W. (1999) Unrestricted Warfare. English translation (2017) by Shadow Lawn Press.

McCausland. Jeffrey D. (2022). Putin Chooses between a Series of Bad Options. Parameters 52 The US Army War College

Morelock, J. (2004) Washington as Strategist: Compound Warfare in the American Revolution, 1775-1783. Chapter in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot. University Press of Pacific

Mumford, A. (2013). Proxy Warfare. Polity

Mumford, A. et col. (2014). The Theory and Practice of Irregular War: Warrior-Scholarship in Counterinsurgency

Nagl, J. (2022) Why America´s Army Can´t Win America´s Wars. The US Army War College Quarterly: Parameters Volume 52 Number 3 Autumn Issue

Pearlman, M. (2004) The Wars of Colonial North America, 1690-1763. Chapter in Compound Warfare: That Fatal Knot. University Press of Pacific

Pollack, K. (2019). Armies of Sand. Oxford University Press

Potter, J.B (2022). Haunted by Clausewitz´s Ghost: Moral Forces in the Collapse in the Afghan Military. Military Review November-December 2022. U.S Army University Press

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US and Afghan government sources – transcripts and reports


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Online sources

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INSIDER (2019, December 10) More US contractors have died in Afghanistan than US troops — but the Pentagon doesn't keep track. https://www.businessinsider.com/more-us-contractors-have-died-in-afghanistan-than-us-troops-2019-12

Naval Postgraduate School (2007) Summary of Afghan National Army. Program for Culture and Conflict studies. https://nps.edu/documents/105988371/107571254/Afghan+National+Army+Summary.pdf/66246d93-15c0-4945-a4db-0f6d5d318f81

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WATSON INSTITUTE. BROWN University (2021, August). Human and Budgetary costs to date of the U.S. War in Afghanistan, 2001-2022 https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/figures/2021/human-and-budgetary-costs-date-us-war-afghanistan-2001-2022

ZAWULISTANI, J. (2018, April 30) A Battle of Several Fronts: Afghan Women in the Security Forces. The Diplomat https://thediplomat.com/2018/05/a-battle-of-several-fronts-afghan-women-in-the-security-forces/
Preliminary scope of work in English
The thesis will first provide a comprehensive introduction to the theoretical framework of proxy
warfare and present different theoretical approaches to what constitutes proxy warfare.
Afterward, a history of the war in Afghanistan will be presented as well as the relationship
between the United States and the Afghan Islamic Republic. Subsequently, the facts presented in
the two previous sections will be used to explain why the proxy benefactor relationship can be
used in this particular case.
The thesis will first introduce the theoretical framework of proxy warfare and discuss different
aspects and classifications by a number of different authors. Afterward, the brief history of the
war in Afghanistan and the relationship between the United States and the Afghan Islamic
Republic will be discussed. The primary focus will be on the relationship between the United
States and the components of the Afghan forces, which were engaged in the conflict with the
Taliban insurgency. Subsequently, the facts presented in these two sections will be used to
examine the question if the relationship between the United States and the Afghan forces can be
understood as a proxy and a principal relationship by the definitions laid out in the theoretical
section.
After the relationship is sufficiently contextualized and correctly placed on the line between a
principal and an agent, the documents and the available records of engagements will be studied
and compared to the theories of non-state warfare and cases of doctrine adoptions to determine
the main causes of military ineffectiveness. These findings will then be compared to similar
cases in other conflicts to determine if adoptions of the doctrines in proxy and principal
relationships constantly produce reoccurring inefficiencies. The findings will help better
understand the relationship between patron states and proxies and draw lessons that can be
applied in future conflicts.
 
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