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The role of energy storage in low carbon transition of the Czech energy system
Thesis title in Czech: Role skladování energie v nízkouhlíkové transformaci energetického systému ČR
Thesis title in English: The role of energy storage in low carbon transition of the Czech energy system
Key words: skladování energie, baterie, vodík, model TIMES-CZ
English key words: energy storage, battery, hydrogen, TIMES-CZ model
Academic year of topic announcement: 2021/2022
Thesis type: Bachelor's thesis
Thesis language: angličtina
Department: Institute of Economic Studies (23-IES)
Supervisor: Mgr. Lukáš Rečka, Ph.D.
Author: hidden - assigned by the advisor
Date of registration: 01.09.2022
Date of assignment: 01.09.2022
Date and time of defence: 11.09.2023 09:00
Venue of defence: Opletalova, O314, místnost. č. 314
Date of electronic submission:01.08.2023
Date of proceeded defence: 11.09.2023
Opponents: Diana Kmeťková, M.Sc.
Advisors: Mgr. Milan Ščasný, Ph.D.
Erbach, G., Jensen, L., Chahri, S., & Claros, E. (2022). BRIEFING Towards climate neutrality.

International Renewable Energy Agency. (2017). ELECTRICITY STORAGE AND RENEWABLES: COSTS AND MARKETS TO 2030.

MIT (2022). The Future of Energy Storage, An Interdisciplinary MIT Study.

Petricca, L., Ohlckers, P., & Che, X. (2013). Energy Storage - Technologies and Applications. In Energy Storage - Technologies and Applications. InTech.

Rečka, L., & Ščasný, M. (2018). Brown coal and nuclear energy deployment: Effects on fuel-mix, carbon targets, and external costs in the Czech Republic up to 2050. Fuel, 216, 494–502.

Rečka, L., & Ščasný, M. (2017). Impacts of reclassified brown coal reserves on the energy system and deep decarbonisation target in the Czech Republic. Energies, 10(12).
Preliminary scope of work in English
Research question and motivation
With the rising concerns about climate change, many continents and countries are trying to search for new strategies concerning energy production. In 2021, the European Commission accepted a package “Fit for 55” which aims to reduce net emissions by at least 55% by the year 2030 compared to the year 1990. It has also set the target to become carbon neutral by the year 2050 (Erbach et al. 2022).

In recent years, the development and cost reduction in renewable power generation technologies has made a huge progress towards this transition. However, in order to reach an efficient decarbonization, it is crucial to consider an energy storage which enables variable renewable energy (VRE) sources to be more flexible and cost-effective (International Renewable Energy Agency 2017).

In my thesis, I intend to focus on photovoltaic solar systems and asses the two potential options for its electricity storage, batteries and chemical energy storage, for the case of the Czech Republic. My main motivation is to help the energy sector to smooth the supply fluctuation over days and months and to find the optimal, cost-effective way for the future low carbon transition.

My thesis will contribute to the development of TIMES-CZ model, an optimization energy model which aims to find the least-cost technology mix for the case of the Czech Republic until the year 2050 (Rečka, L., & Ščasný, M. 2017, 2018). My intention is to provide a comprehensive literature review about the potentials and all possible parameters and aspects of storage technologies, e.g. batteries and hydrogen. I will then extend the TIMES-CZ model with these data and provide an analysis of the role of energy storage options on the optimal decarbonization pathway of the Czech Republic.

Based on the robust literature review, which will examine technology data such as technical parameters and costs of storage technologies, I intend to work with TIMES-CZ model. My research should enrich the photovoltaic power sector of the model where the storage technologies are not yet implemented. In order to achieve its better improvement, I will analyze the data for three different groups of energy solar sources: photovoltaic fields, photovoltaics on industrial buildings and household rooftops. Moreover, I also intend to provide the results considering potential construction costs of an electric network, as, together with storage technologies, it plays an important role in balancing the least-cost electricity supply and demand in the future.

Literature review
Data description
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