Thesis (Selection of subject)Thesis (Selection of subject)(version: 336)
Assignment details
   Login via CAS
The Rise of China and its Implications for Western Development Cooperation Policy
Thesis title in Czech: Růst Číny a jeho implikace pro západní politiku rozvojové spolupráce
Thesis title in English: The Rise of China and its Implications for Western Development Cooperation Policy
English key words: Development cooperation, international aid architecture, OECD DAC, new donors, China, donor competition
Academic year of topic announcement: 2017/2018
Type of assignment: diploma thesis
Thesis language: angličtina
Department: Department of International Relations (23-KMV)
Supervisor: Dr. rer. pol. Michal Parízek, M.Sc., Ph.D.
Author: hidden - assigned by the advisor
Date of registration: 27.06.2018
Date of assignment: 27.06.2018
Date and time of defence: 09.09.2019 00:00
Venue of defence: Jinonice - U Kříže 8, Praha 5, J3093, Jinonice - místn. č. 3093
Date of electronic submission:31.07.2019
Date of proceeded defence: 09.09.2019
Reviewers: doc. PhDr. Jan Karlas, Ph.D., M.A.
URKUND check:
Abdenur, A. (2014). China and the BRICS Development Bank: Legitimacy and Multilateralism in South-South Cooperation. IDS Bulletin, Vol. 45 (4), pp. 85-101.

AidData. China´s Global Development Footprint: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Alden, C. & Alves, A. C. (2009). China and Africa´s Natural Resources: the challenges and implications for development and governance. SAIIA Occasional Paper, 41, Link: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Alden, C. (2005). China in Africa. Survival, Vol. 47 (3), pp. 147-164.

Alesina, A. & Dollar, D. (2000). Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why?, Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 5 (1), pp. 33-63.

Alesina, A. & Weder, B. (2002). Do Corrupt Governments Receive Less Foreign Aid?. The American Economic Review, Vol. 92 (4), pp. 1126-1137.

Alter, K. J. & Raustiala, K. (2018). The Rise of International Regime Complexity. Annual Review of Law and Social Sciences, UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-47; Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 17-30. Available at SSRN: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Angrist, J. D. & Pischke, J. (2009). Mostly Harmless Econometrics – An Empiricist´s Companion. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Asmus, G., Fuchs, A. & Müller, A. (2019). BRICS and Foreign Aid. In: The Political Economy of the BRICS Countries, Vol. 2: BRICS and the Global Economy, Edited by: Soo Yeon Kim, Singapore: National University of Singapore.

Bader, J. (2015). Propping up dictators? Economic cooperation from China and its impact on authoritarian persistence in party and non-party regimes. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 54, pp. 655–672.

Banerjee, A. & Duflo, E. (2011). Poor Economics: Barefoot Hedge-fund Managers, DIY Doctors and the Surprising Truth about Life on less than $1 a Day. London: Penguin Books Ltd.

Baydag, R., Klingebiel, S. & Marschall, P. (2018). Shaping the Patterns of Aid Allocation: A Comparative Analysis of Seven Bilateral Donors and the European Union. Discussion Paper 22, German Development Institute.
Belle, A. & Jones, K. (2015). Explaining Fixed Effects: Random Effects Modeling of Time-Series Cross-Sectional and Panel Data. Political Science Research and Methods, Vol 3 (1), p. 133-153.

Bermeo, S. (2010). Development and Strategy: Aid Allocation in an Interdependent World. Available at SSRN: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Bermeo, S. (2011). Foreign Aid and Regime Change: A Role for Donor Intent. World Development, Vol. 39 (11), pp. 2021–2031.

Berthélemy, J. (2011). China’s Engagement and Aid Effectiveness in Africa. Working Paper 129, Tunis: African Development Bank Group.

Betts, A. (2010). The Refugee Regime Complex. Refugee Survey Quarterly, Vol. 29 (1), pp. 12-37.

Betts, A. (2013). Regime Complexity and International Organizations: UNHCR as a Challenged Institution. Global Governance. A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, Vol. 19 (1), pp. 69-81.

Bluhm, R., Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B., Strange, A. & Tierney, M. (2018). Connective Financing: Chinese Infrastructure Projects and the Diffusion of Economic Activity in Developing Countries. AIDDATA, Working Paper 64.

Boone, P. (1996). Politics and the effectiveness of foreign aid. European Economic Review, Vol. 40 (2), pp. 289-329.

Bräutigam, D. (2009). The Dragon’s Gift: The Real Story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press:

Bräutigam, D. (2010). China, Africa and the International Aid Architecture. African Development Bank Group, Working Paper Series, No. 107.

Bräutigam, D. (2011). Aid ‘With Chinses Characteristics’: Chinese Foreign Aid and Development Finance Meet the OECD-DAC Aid Regime. Journal of International Development, Vol. 23, pp. 752-764.

Bräutigam, D. (2014). China's Aid Policy. The Oxford Companion to the Economics of China, Available at: DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678204.003.0020 (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Bräutigam, D. (2018). China To Set Up a New International Development Cooperation Agency. China in Africa The Real Story, Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Bräutigam, D. & Gallagher, K. (2014). Bartering Globalization: China’s Commodity backed Finance in Africa and Latin America. Global Policy, Vol. 5 (3), pp. 346-352.

Bräutigam, D. & Knack, S. (2004). Foreign Aid, Institutions, and Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 52 (2), pp. 255-285.

Bräutigam, D. & Xiaoyang, T. (2011). African Shenzhen: China's special economic zones in Africa. The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 49 (1), pp. 27-54.

Brazys, S. & Vadlamannati, K. (2018). Aid Curse with Chinese Characteristics? Chinese Development Flows and Economic Reforms. AIDDATA, Working Paper 52.

Brazys, S., Elkink, J. & Kelly G. (2017). Bad neighbors? How co-located Chinese and World Bank development projects impact local corruption in Tanzania. Review International Organisations, Vol. 12, pp. 227-253.

Broich, T. (2017). Do authoritarian regimes receive more Chinese development finance than democratic ones? Empirical evidence for Africa. China Economic Review, Vol. 46, pp. 180-207.

Bueno de Mesquita, B., & Smith, A. (2010). Leader survival, revolutions, and the nature of government finance. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 54 (4), pp. 936-950.

Burnside, C., & Dollar, D. (2000). Aid, policy and growth. American Economic Review, Vol. 90 (4), pp. 847–868.

Busch, M. L. (2007). Overlapping Institutions, Forum Shopping, and Dispute Settlement in International Trade. International Organization, Vol. 61 (4), pp. 735-761.

Busse, M., Erdogan, C. & Mühlen, H. (2016). China’s Impact on Africa – The Role of Trade, FDI and Aid. KYKLOS, Vol. 69 (2), pp. 228-262.

Butcher, A. & Yuan, W. J. (2015). China’s Official Assistance and Corresponding Trade Flows to Africa. U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC), Executive Briefings on Trade.

China Africa Research Initiative (2019). Data on China-Africa Trade, Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Clemens, M., Radelet, S., Bhavnani, R. & Bazzi, S. (2011). Counting Chickens When They Hatch: Timing and the Effects of Aid on Growth. The Economic Journal, Vol.122, pp. 590–617.

Colgan, J. D., Keohane, R. & Van de Graaf, T. (2012). Punctuated Equilibrium in the Energy Regime Complex. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 7 (2), pp. 117-143.

Collier, P. & Dollar. D. (2002). Aid Allocation and Poverty Reduction. European Economic Review, Vol. 46, pp. 1475–1500.

Croix, D. & Delavallade, C. (2014). Why corrupt governments may receive more foreign aid. Oxford Economic Papers, pp. 51–66 51.

Davies, P. (2007). China and the End of Poverty in Africa – towards mutual benefit?. Sweden: Diakonia.

De Felice, D. (2015). Diverging Visions on Political Conditionality: The Role of Domestic Politics and International Socialization in French and British Aid. World Development, Vol. 75, pp. 26-45.

Development Assistance Committee, DAC (2019). Definition of ODA. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Diamond, L. (1992). Promoting Democracy. Foreign Policy, No. 87, pp. 25-46.

Dietrich, S. & Wright, J. (2014). Foreign Aid Allocation Tactics and Democratic Change in Africa. The Journal of Politics, Vol. 77, pp. 216-234.

Dietrich, S. (2013). Bypass or engage? Explaining donor delivery tactics in foreign aid allocation. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 57 (4), pp. 698-712.

Djankov, S., Montalvo, J., & Reynal-Querol, M. (2008). The curse of aid. Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 13 (3), pp. 169-194.

Dollar, D. & Levin, V. (2005). Sowing and reaping: institutional quality and project outcomes in developing countries. World Bank Policy Research, Working Paper No. 3524.

Dollar, D. & Levin, V. (2006). The Increasing Selectivity of Foreign Aid, 1984–2003. World Development, Vol. 34 (12), pp. 2034-2046.

Donno, D. & Rudra, N. (2014). To Fear or Not to Fear? BRICs and the Developing World. International Studies Review, Vol. 16 (3), pp. 447-452.

Dreher, A., Nunnenkamp, P. & Thiele, R. (2011). Are ‘New’ Donors Different? Comparing the Allocation of Bilateral Aid Between non-DAC and DAC Donor Countries. World Development Vol. 39 (11), pp. 1950–1968.

Dreher, A. & Fuchs, A. (2015). Rogue aid? An empirical analysis of China’s aid allocation. Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 48 (3), pp. 988-1023.

Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Hodler, R., Parks, B., Raschky, P. & Tierney, M.(2016). Aid on Demand: African Leaders and the Geography of China’s Foreign Assistance. Working Paper 3, AidData.

Dreher, A., Fuchs, A. & Nunnenkamp, P. (2013). New Donors. International Interactions, Vol. 39 (3), pp. 402-415.

Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B., Strange, A. & Tierney, M. (2017). Aid, China, and Growth: Evidence from a New Global Development Finance Dataset. AIDDATA, Working Paper 46.

Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B., Strange, A. & Tierney, M. (2018). Apples and Dragon Fruits: The Determinants of Aid and Other Forms of State Financing from China to Africa. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 62, pp. 182-194.

Dunning, T. (2004). Conditioning the effects of aid: Cold war politics, donor credibility, and democracy in Africa. International Organization, Vol. 58, pp. 409-423.

Easterly, W. (2006). The White Man’s Burden: Why the West’s Efforts to Aid the Rest Have Done So Much Ill and So Little Good. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

Eichenauer, V. (2016). The Political Economy of Foreign Aid: Allocation, Timing, and Effectiveness. Dissertation. Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.

Eisenman, J. (2012). China – Africa Trade Patterns: causes and consequences. Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 21 (77), pp. 793-810.

Feindouno, S. & Goujon, M. (2016). Human Assets Index retrospective series: 2016 update, Ferdi Working Paper P179, December 2016.

Fernando, S. (2014). China–Africa Relations: An Analysis of Forum on China–Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) Documents Using Shinn and Eisenman’s Optimist–Pessimist Dual Framework. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, FOCAC (2019). FOCAC Mechanisms. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Fuchs, A. (2012). Political Determinants of Foreign Aid and International Trade of Emerging Economies. Dissertation, Universität Göttingen.

Goldsmith, A. (2001). Foreign aid and statehood in Africa. International Organization, Vol. 55 (1), pp. 123–148.

Greenhil, R., Prizzon, A. & Rogerson, A. (2013). The Age of Choice – How developing countries manage the new aid landscape. Centre for Aid and Public Expenditure, Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Grimm, S. & Hackenesch, C. (2017). China in Africa: What challenges for a reforming European Union development policy? Illustrations from country cases. Development Policy Review, Vol. 35 (4), pp. 549-566.

Hackenesch, C. (2013). Aid Donor Meets Strategic Partner? The European Union´s and China´s Relations with Ethiopia. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, Vol. 42 (1), pp. 7-36.

Helfer, L. (2009). Regime shifting in the international intellectual property system. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 7 (1), pp. 39-44.

Hernandez, D. (2017). Are ‘‘New” Donors Challenging World Bank Conditionality?. World Development, Vol. 96, pp. 529-549.

Hjertholm, P. & White, H. (2000). Survey of foreign aid: history, trends and allocation. Discussion Papers 00-04, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics.

Hoeffler, A. & Outram, V. (2011). Need, Merit, or Self-Interest - What Determines the Allocation of Aid?. Review of Development Economics, Vol. 15 (2), pp. 237–250.

Humphrey, C. & Michaelowa, K. (2018). China in Africa: Competition for Traditional Development Finance Institutions? Working Paper 61, AidData.

In'airat, M. (2013). Aid allocation, selectivity, and the quality of governance. Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, Vol. 19, pp. 63–68.

Isham, J. & Kaufmann, D. (1999). The forgotten rationale for policy reform: the productivity of investment projects. Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 114 (1), pp. 149-184.

Isham, J., Kaufman, D. & Pritchett, L. (1997). Civil liberties, democracy and the performance of government projects. The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 11, pp. 219-242.

Keohane, R. (1984). After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Keohane, R. & Victor, D. (2010). The Regime Complex for Climate Change. Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 9 (1), pp. 7-23. Available at: doi:10.1017/S1537592710004068 (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Kilama, E. (2016a). Evidence on Donor Competition in Africa: Traditional Donors Versus China. Journal of International Development, Vol. 28, pp. 528–551.

Kilama, E. (2016b). The influence of China and emerging donors aid allocation: A recipient perspective. China Economic Review, Vol. 38, pp. 76–91.

Kitano, N. & Harada, Y. (2016). Estimating China`s Foreign Aid 2001–2013. Journal of International Development, Vol. 28, pp. 1050–1074.

Kitano, N. (2014). China’s Foreign Aid at a Transitional Stage. Asian Economic Policy Review, Vol. 9, pp. 301–317.

Knack, S. (2001). Aid dependence and the quality of governance: A cross-country empirical analysis. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Knack, S. (2004). Does foreign aid promote democracy?. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 48, pp. 251-266.

Koch, S. (2015). A Typology of Political Conditionality Beyond Aid: Conceptual Horizons Based on Lessons from the European Union. World Development, Vol. 75, pp. 97-108.

Kragelund, P. (2008). The return of non-DAC donors to Africa: New prospects for African development?. Development Policy Review, Vol. 26 (5), pp. 555-584.

Kragelund, P. (2011). Back to BASICs? The Rejuvenation of Non-traditional Donors’ Development Cooperation with Africa. Development and Change, Vol. 42 (2), pp. 585–607.

Krasner, S. (1982). Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables. International Organization, Vol. 36 (2), pp. 185-205.

Kuziemko, I. & Werker, E. (2006). How much is a seat on the Security Council worth? Foreign aid and bribery at the United Nations. Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 114 (5), pp. 905-930.

Li, X. (2016). Does Conditionality Still Work? China’s Development Assistance and Democracy in Africa. China Political Science Review, Vol. 2, pp. 201–220.

Manning, R. (2006). Will ‘Emerging Donors’ Change the Face of International Co-operation?. Development Policy Review, Vol. 24 (4), pp. 371-385.

Mansfield, E. (2014). Rising Powers in the Global Economy: Issues and Questions. International Studies Review, Vol. 16 (3), pp. 437-442.

Margulis, E. (2013). The Regime Complex for Food Security: Implications for the Global Hunger Challenge. Global Governance, Vol. 19 (1), pp. 53-67.

Marshall, M., Gurr, T. & Jaggers, K. (2018). Polity IV Project: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800–2017. Vienna, VA: Center for Systemic Peace.

Mattlin, M. & Nojonen, M. (2015). Conditionality and Path Dependence in Chinese Lending. Journal of Contemporary China, Vol. 24 (94), pp. 701–720,

Molenaers, N., Dellepiane, S. & Faust, J. (2015). Political Conditionality and Foreign Aid. World Development, Vol. 75, pp. 2-12.

Morse, J. & Keohane, R. (2014). Contested multilateralism. The Review of International Organizations, Vol. 9 (4), pp. 385-412.

Mwase, N. (2011). Determinants of development financing flows from Brazil, Russia, India, and China to low-income countries. IMF Working Paper No. 11/255. International Monetary Fund.

Naidu, S. (2007). The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC): What Does the Future Hold?. China Report, Vol. 43 (3), pp. 283-296.

Naím, M. (2007). Rouge Aid: What’s wrong with the foreign aid programs of China, Venezuela, and Saudi Arabia? They are enormously generous. And they are toxic. Foreign Policy, Vol. 159, pp. 69.

Observatory of Economic Complexity (2019). Where does China import from?. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD (2019). ODA Definition and Coverage. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD (2019). Creditors Reporting System. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Orsini, A. & Morin, J. & Young, O. (2013). Regime Complexes: A Buzz, a Boom, or a Boost for Global Governance?. Global Governance, Vol. 19, pp. 27-39.

Paulo, S., & Reisen, H. (2010). Eastern donors and western soft law: Towards a DAC donor peer review of China and India?. Development Policy Review, Vol. 28 (5), pp. 535–552.

Pigato, M. & Tang, W. (2015). China and Africa: Expanding Economic Ties in an Evolving Global Context. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Plessis, A. (2014). The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, Ideas and Aid: National Interest(s) or Strategic Partnership?. Insight on Africa, Vol. 6 (2), pp. 113-130.

Rajan, R.G. and Subramanian, A. (2008). Aid and growth: what does the cross-country evidence really show?. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 90 (4), pp. 643-65.

Raustiala, K. & Victor, D. (2004). The Regime Complex for Plant Genetic Resources. International Organization, Vol. 58 (2), pp. 277-309.

Schellekens, P. (2013). A Changing China: Implications for Developing Countries. Economic Premise, Number 118, World Bank.

Sethi, T (2015). Research Summary: China and the Western Donors: More Similar than Different?. AidData, Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Shinn, D. & Eisenmann, J. (2012). China and Africa: a century of engagement. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.

Smith, A. (2008). The perils of unearned income. Journal of Politics, Vol. 70 (3), pp. 780-793.

Sophal, E. (2002). Has more aid worsened governance since 1995?. Department of Political Science & Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley.

Stein, A. (2008). Neoliberal Institutionalism. In: Reus-Smit, Christian and Duncan Snidal (eds), The Oxford Handbook on International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 201-221.

Strange. A., Dreher, A., Fuchs, A., Parks, B. & Tierney M. (2017). Tracking Underreported Financial Flows: China´s Development Finance and the Aid-Conflict Nexus Revisited. Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 61 (5), pp. 935-963.

Swedlund, H. (2017). Is China eroding the bargaining power of traditional donors in Africa?. International Affairs, Vol. 93 (2), pp. 389–408.

Taylor, I. (2006). China´s oil diplomacy in Africa. International Affairs, Vol. 82 (5), pp. 937-959.
Tierney, M. (2014). Rising Powers and the Regime for Development Finance. International Studies Review, Vol. 16 (3), pp. 452-455.

Tierney, Michael J. et al. (2011). More Dollars than Sense: Refining Our Knowledge of Development Finance Using AidData. World Development Vol. 39 (11), pp. 1891–1906,

Tseng, H. & Krog, R. (2014). No Strings Attached: Chinese Foreign Aid and Regime Stability in Resource-Rich Recipient Countries. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Ubi, E. (2014). Foreign Aid and Development in Sino-African Relations. Available at: DOI: 10.1177/0169796X14536971 (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

United Nations (2002). Financing for Development – Building on Monterrey. Available at: (Last access on 28th of July 2019).

Vreeland, J. & Dreher, A. (2014). The Political Economy of the United Nations Security Council. Money and Influence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Winters, M. & Martinez, G. (2015). The Role of Governance in Determining Foreign Aid Flow Composition. World Development Vol. 66, pp. 516–531.

Woods, N. (2008). Whose aid? Whose influence? China, emerging donors and the silent revolution in development assistance. International Affairs, Vol. 84 (6), pp. 1205–1221.

World Bank (1989). Sub-Saharan Africa: From crisis to sustainable growth. Washington, DC: World Bank.

World Bank (1992). Governance and development. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Wright, J. & Winters, M. (2010). The Politics of Effective Foreign Aid. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 13, pp. 61–80.

Zhang, D. & Smith, G. (2017). China’s foreign aid system: structure, agencies, and identities. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 38 (10), pp. 2330-2346.
Preliminary scope of work in English
Recently new donors are beginning to challenge the international aid architecture of traditional Western donors by providing huge amounts of foreign aid to Sub-Sahara African (SSA) countries without political conditions attached, thereby undermining the bargaining power and influence of OECD DAC donors. Especially Chinas new role as aid donor causes a lot of scepticism among researchers. This master thesis investigates whether OECD DAC donors changed their aid allocation policies and patterns in response to rising Chinese foreign aid activities in SSA countries. So far, the literature investigating the relationship between foreign aid provided by traditional Western donors and aid by the Chinese government has been limited mostly due to the lack of accurate data on Chinese foreign aid. This study makes use of a new dataset on Chinese foreign aid flows in order to examine the response of OECD DAC donors to Chinese foreign aid activities in SSA between 2000 to 2014. It finds that contrary to current assumptions OECD DAC donors do not generally change their policies and aid allocation patterns as a response to Chinese aid activities in SSA. However, Chinese foreign aid seems to influence OECD DAC foreign aid commitments to the economic infrastructure sector.
Charles University | Information system of Charles University |