Thesis (Selection of subject)Thesis (Selection of subject)(version: 285)
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Faktory ovlivňující ochotu poskytnout laickou první pomoc jako modelový příklad prosociálního chování
Thesis title in Czech: Faktory ovlivňující ochotu poskytnout laickou první pomoc jako modelový příklad prosociálního chování
Thesis title in English: The factors influencing the willingness to provide first aid as an example of prosocial behavior
Key words: prosociální chování, altruismus, první pomoc, faktory první pomoci, laická první pomoc
English key words: prosocial behavior, altruism, first aid, factors of first aid, laic first aid
Academic year of topic announcement: 2016/2017
Type of assignment: Bachelor's thesis
Thesis language: čeština
Department: Department of Philosophy and History of Science (31-107)
Supervisor: Mgr. Radim Kuba
Author: hidden - assigned by the advisor
Date of registration: 02.07.2018
Date of assignment: 02.10.2018
Date of electronic submission:10.05.2019
Date of submission of printed version:10.05.2019
Date of proceeded defence: 04.06.2019
Reviewers: Mgr. Radka Dvořáková, Ph.D.
Advisors: prof. RNDr. Jaroslav Flegr, CSc.
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Preliminary scope of work
Bakalářská práce má za cíl zpracovat literární rešerši s využitím primárních vědeckých prací, dle požadavků kladených na bakalářské práce na biologické sekci PřF UK. Zabývá se obecnou charakteristikou prosociálního chování z hlediska evoluční biologie se zaměřením na situace s ohrožením zdraví a poskytováním laické první pomoci. Provedené výzkumy ukazují, že u laické i odborné veřejnosti se lze setkat s mnoha faktory, které negativně ovlivní ochotu pomáhat. Nejčastěji se jedná o obecný strach z nebezpečí a rizik (např. možný přenos patogenů), dimenze disgustu (např. přítomnost krve, zvratků a dalších fyziologických tekutin), ale také o obavu z ještě většího ublížení zraněnému. Setkat se lze i s nejistotou a nedostatkem sebedůvěry (zachránce sám uvědomuje nedostatek znalostí a dovedností). Vliv může mít i nechuť k interakci s neznámými lidmi a lhostejnost. Bakalářská práce má za úkol shrnout dostupné vědecké poznatky o vlivu základních faktorů, které mohou ovlivnit ochotu poskytnout první pomoc a vytvořit komparativní analýzu např. různých kategorií potenciálních zachránců (lze předpokládat roli pohlaví, věku apod. - např. mladí lidé se budou lišit v uváděných faktorech např. ve srovnání se seniory). Vzhledem k zaměření má práce mezioborový přesah a propojuje poznatky z oborů věd biologie, evoluční biologie, etologie člověka a psychologie.
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