Témata prací (Výběr práce)Témata prací (Výběr práce)(verze: 285)
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Faktory ovlivňující ochotu poskytnout laickou první pomoc jako modelový příklad prosociálního chování
Název práce v češtině: Faktory ovlivňující ochotu poskytnout laickou první pomoc jako modelový příklad prosociálního chování
Název v anglickém jazyce: The factors influencing the willingness to provide first aid as an example of prosocial behavior
Klíčová slova: prosociální chování, altruismus, první pomoc, faktory první pomoci, laická první pomoc
Klíčová slova anglicky: prosocial behavior, altruism, first aid, factors of first aid, laic first aid
Akademický rok vypsání: 2016/2017
Typ práce: bakalářská práce
Jazyk práce: čeština
Ústav: Katedra filosofie a dějin přírodních věd (31-107)
Vedoucí / školitel: Mgr. Radim Kuba
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 02.07.2018
Datum zadání: 02.10.2018
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:10.05.2019
Datum odevzdání tištěné podoby:10.05.2019
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 04.06.2019
Oponenti: Mgr. Radka Dvořáková, Ph.D.
 
 
 
Konzultanti: prof. RNDr. Jaroslav Flegr, CSc.
Seznam odborné literatury
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Ganfure, G., Ameya, G., Tamirat, A., Lencha, B., & Bikila, D. (2018). First aid knowledge, attitude, practice, and associated factors among kindergarten teachers of Lideta sub-city Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Plos One, 13(3), e0194263.
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Cheng-Yu, C., Yi-Ming, W., Shou-Chien, H., Chan-Wee, K., & Chung-Hsien, C. (2016). Effect of population-based training programs on bystander willingness to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Signa Vitae, 12(1), 63-69. doi:10.22514/sv121.102016.11
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Iserbyt, P. (2016). The effect of Basic Life Support (BLS) education on secondary school students' willingness to and reasons not to perform BLS in real life. Acta Cardiologica, 71(5), 519-526. doi:10.2143/ac.71.5.3167494
Jelinek, G. A., Gennat, H., Celenza, T., O'Brien, D., Jacobs, I., & Lynch, D. (2001). Community attitudes towards performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Western Australia. Resuscitation, 51(3), 239-246. doi:10.1016/s0300-9572(01)00411-7
Johnston, T. C., Clark, M. J., Dingle, G. A., & FitzGerald, G. (2003). Factors influencing Queenslanders' willingness to perform bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation, 56(1), 67-75. doi:10.1016/s0300-9572(02)00277-0
Jorm, A. F., Kitchener, B. A., Fischer, J.-A., & Cvetkovski, S. (2010). Mental health first aid training by e-learning: a randomized controlled trial. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44(12), 1072-1081.
Kurečková, V., Gabrhel, V., Zámečník, P., Řezač, P., Zaoral, A., & Hobl, J. (2017). First aid as an important traffic safety factor - evaluation of the experience-based training. European Transport Research Review, 9(1). doi:10.1007/s12544-016-0218-4
Kwon, Y., & Aufderheide, T. P. (2011). Optimizing Community Resources to Address Sudden Cardiac Death. Heart Failure Clinics, 7(2), 277-+. doi:10.1016/j.hfc.2011.01.004
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Lu, C., Jin, Y. H., Meng, F. J., Wang, Y. Y., Shi, X. T., Ma, W. J., . . . Xing, Q. (2016). An exploration of attitudes toward bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in university students in Tianjin, China: A survey. International Emergency Nursing, 24, 28-34. doi:10.1016/j.ienj.2015.05.006
Mathiesen, W. T., Bjorshol, C. A., Hoyland, S., Braut, G. S., & Soreide, E. (2017). Exploring How Lay Rescuers Overcome Barriers to Provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: A Qualitative Study. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 32(1), 27-32. doi:10.1017/s1049023x16001278
McGovern, S. K., Blewer, A. L., Murray, A., Leary, M., Abella, B. S., & Merchant, R. M. (2018). Characterizing barriers to CPR training attainment using Twitter. Resuscitation, 127, 164-167. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.03.010
Moriwaki, Y., Tahara, Y., Kosuge, T., & Suzuki, N. (2016). The effect of telephone advice on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the rate of bystander CPR in out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest in a typical urban area. Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine, 23(4), 220-226.
Mortensen, R. B., Hoyer, C. B., Pedersen, M. K., Brindley, P. G., & Nielsen, J. C. (2010). Comparison of the quality of chest compressions on a dressed versus an undressed manikin: A controlled, randomised, cross-over simulation study. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation & Emergency Medicine, 18, 7. doi:10.1186/1757-7241-18-16
Ng, Y. Y., Leong, S. H. B., & Ong, M. E. H. (2017). The role of dispatch in resuscitation. Singapore Medical Journal, 58(7), 449-452. doi:10.11622/smedj.2017059
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Oliver, G., Walter, D., & Redmond, A. (2017). Prehospital deaths from trauma: Are injuries survivable and do bystanders help? Injury, 48(5), 985-991.
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Pek, J. H. (2017). Guidelines for Bystander First Aid 2016. Singapore Medical Journal, 58(7), 411.
Petric, J., Malicki, M., Markovic, D., & Mestrovic, J. (2013). Students' and parents' attitudes toward basic life support training in primary schools. Croatian Medical Journal, 54(4), 376-380. doi:10.3325/cmj.2013.54.376
Savastano, S. (2014). After the 2010 guidelines: less fear and more cardiopulmonary resuscitation. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 32(9), 1141-1143. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2014.06.013
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Předběžná náplň práce
Bakalářská práce má za cíl zpracovat literární rešerši s využitím primárních vědeckých prací, dle požadavků kladených na bakalářské práce na biologické sekci PřF UK. Zabývá se obecnou charakteristikou prosociálního chování z hlediska evoluční biologie se zaměřením na situace s ohrožením zdraví a poskytováním laické první pomoci. Provedené výzkumy ukazují, že u laické i odborné veřejnosti se lze setkat s mnoha faktory, které negativně ovlivní ochotu pomáhat. Nejčastěji se jedná o obecný strach z nebezpečí a rizik (např. možný přenos patogenů), dimenze disgustu (např. přítomnost krve, zvratků a dalších fyziologických tekutin), ale také o obavu z ještě většího ublížení zraněnému. Setkat se lze i s nejistotou a nedostatkem sebedůvěry (zachránce sám uvědomuje nedostatek znalostí a dovedností). Vliv může mít i nechuť k interakci s neznámými lidmi a lhostejnost. Bakalářská práce má za úkol shrnout dostupné vědecké poznatky o vlivu základních faktorů, které mohou ovlivnit ochotu poskytnout první pomoc a vytvořit komparativní analýzu např. různých kategorií potenciálních zachránců (lze předpokládat roli pohlaví, věku apod. - např. mladí lidé se budou lišit v uváděných faktorech např. ve srovnání se seniory). Vzhledem k zaměření má práce mezioborový přesah a propojuje poznatky z oborů věd biologie, evoluční biologie, etologie člověka a psychologie.
 
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