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Detail práce
  
Simulation of Impacts of Labor Laws on Labor Market
Název práce v češtině: Simulace dopadů pracovních zákonů na trh práce
Název v anglickém jazyce: Simulation of Impacts of Labor Laws on Labor Market
Klíčová slova: zaměstnanost, trh práce, zdanění, pracovní doba, OECD, krize
Klíčová slova anglicky: employment, labor market, taxation, working hours, OECD, crisis
Akademický rok vypsání: 2010/2011
Typ práce: diplomová práce
Jazyk práce: angličtina
Ústav: Institut ekonomických studií (23-IES)
Vedoucí / školitel: PhDr. Pavel Vacek, Ph.D.
Řešitel: skrytý - zadáno vedoucím/školitelem
Datum přihlášení: 07.11.2010
Datum zadání: 07.11.2010
Datum a čas obhajoby: 13.09.2011 08:30
Místo konání obhajoby: IES
Datum odevzdání elektronické podoby:18.08.2011
Datum odevzdání tištěné podoby:29.07.2011
Datum proběhlé obhajoby: 13.09.2011
Oponenti: PhDr. Kamila Fialová, Ph.D.
 
 
 
Seznam odborné literatury
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BLANCHARD, O. & J. WOLFERS (2000): "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence." Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society 110(462): pp. C1-C33.

BROUGHTON, A. (2011): “Reconciliation of work, private and family life in the European Union.” European Working Conditions Observatory, available online: http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/ewco/surveyreports/EU1101011D/EU1101011D_1.htm (accessed on 8 July 2011).

BUKOWSKI, M. (ed.) (2010): “Employment in Poland 2009.” Institute for Structural Research, Warsaw.

BUNDESAGENTUR FÜR ARBEIT (2011): “Konjunkturelles Kurzarbeitergeld.” Bundesagentur für Arbeit, available online: http://www.arbeitsagentur.de/nn_27620/zentraler-Content/A06-Schaffung/A062-Beschaeftigungsverhaeltnisse/Allgemein/Kurzarbeitergeld.html (accessed on 8 July 2011).

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Předběžná náplň práce
The labor market is one of the key drivers of the economic performance and setting of the labor laws count among the essential concerns of the economic policy. The aim of my thesis is to investigate into the differences in the hours worked by people in productive age in the developed countries and its policy determinants. Differences in hours worked between countries are substantial as well as the differences between labor laws. Labor laws influence labor market through several channels. In my thesis I will focus on the effect of the labor income taxation on the labor supply decision of the workers and on the effect of employment protection legislation on the labor demand decisions of firms. This is closely connected with the labor force heterogeneity and the microeconomic aspect of labor supply elasticity.

Significant part of the thesis will be devoted to the theoretical discussion, which will present influential model by Prescott (2004) and the following scholar debate of recent years. In his model Prescott conducted the research on seven OECD countries (Germany, France, Italy, UK, Canada, US and Japan) for the periods 1970-74 and 1993-96. I will try to add into the analysis the Eastern European countries (namely Czech Republic) and focus on the comparison within the EU. I would like to use the data from the OECD database and United Nations database of national accounts. I will attempt to estimate panel data model of dependency of hours worked on labor income taxes, employment protection legislation and another determinants based on my analysis.

In the theoretical part of my thesis I will apply models of labor market, labor supply and elasticity of labor supply. Based on Prescott (2004) I will use equilibrium model of microeconomic optimization. In the next part the cross-country analysis will be based on the time-series and comparative analysis. In the empirical part I will apply an econometric model of panel data and use the econometric software for the calculations. This type of model seems to me suitable, since it captures both cross-country and time-series dimension. In the model the dependency between variable “hours worked” and several explanatory variables will be verified. Variable “hours worked” stands for the labor supply and in comparison to the unemployment rate reflects more strongly impacts of labor laws (e.g. employment protection legislation). As an explanatory variable I will use primarily the marginal and average tax rates on labor income and also employment protection indicator. Apart from that I would like to add other variables which may have impact on the labor supply, e.g. labor unions, labor costs, GDP or tax to GDP ratio.
Předběžná náplň práce v anglickém jazyce
The labor market is one of the key drivers of the economic performance and setting of the labor laws count among the essential concerns of the economic policy. The aim of my thesis is to investigate into the differences in the hours worked by people in productive age in the developed countries and its policy determinants. Differences in hours worked between countries are substantial as well as the differences between labor laws. Labor laws influence labor market through several channels. In my thesis I will focus on the effect of the labor income taxation on the labor supply decision of the workers and on the effect of employment protection legislation on the labor demand decisions of firms. This is closely connected with the labor force heterogeneity and the microeconomic aspect of labor supply elasticity.

Significant part of the thesis will be devoted to the theoretical discussion, which will present influential model by Prescott (2004) and the following scholar debate of recent years. In his model Prescott conducted the research on seven OECD countries (Germany, France, Italy, UK, Canada, US and Japan) for the periods 1970-74 and 1993-96. I will try to add into the analysis the Eastern European countries (namely Czech Republic) and focus on the comparison within the EU. I would like to use the data from the OECD database and United Nations database of national accounts. I will attempt to estimate panel data model of dependency of hours worked on labor income taxes, employment protection legislation and another determinants based on my analysis.

In the theoretical part of my thesis I will apply models of labor market, labor supply and elasticity of labor supply. Based on Prescott (2004) I will use equilibrium model of microeconomic optimization. In the next part the cross-country analysis will be based on the time-series and comparative analysis. In the empirical part I will apply an econometric model of panel data and use the econometric software for the calculations. This type of model seems to me suitable, since it captures both cross-country and time-series dimension. In the model the dependency between variable “hours worked” and several explanatory variables will be verified. Variable “hours worked” stands for the labor supply and in comparison to the unemployment rate reflects more strongly impacts of labor laws (e.g. employment protection legislation). As an explanatory variable I will use primarily the marginal and average tax rates on labor income and also employment protection indicator. Apart from that I would like to add other variables which may have impact on the labor supply, e.g. labor unions, labor costs, GDP or tax to GDP ratio.
 
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